Allison E.H. & Ellis F. (2001) The livelihoods approach and management of small-scale fisheries. Marine Policy 25: 377–388.
Aswani S. (2005) Customary sea tenure in Oceania as a case of rights-based fishery management: does it work? Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 15: 285–307.
Beddington J.R., Agnew D.J. & Clark C.W. (2007) Current problems in the management of marine fisheries. Science 316: 1713–1716.
Berkes F. (2007) Community-based conservation in a globalized world. Proceedings from the National Academy of Sciences 39: 15188–15193.
Campbell D.J. (1990) Strategies for coping with severe food deficits in rural Africa: a review of the literature. Food and Foodways 4: 143–162.
Caplan P. (2002) Local understanding of modernity: food and security on Mafia Island, Tanzania. Report, Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH), Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Carter M.R. (1997) Environment, technology, and the social articulation of risk in West African agriculture. Economic Development and Cultural Change 45: 557–591.
Christie P. (2004) Marine protected areas as biological successes and social failures in southeast Asia. American Fisheries Society Symposium 42: 155–164.
Cinner J.E. (2007) The role of taboos in conserving coastal resources in Madagascar. Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 22: 15–23.
Cinner J.E. & McClanahan T.R. (2006) Socioeconomic factors that lead to overfishing in small-scale coral reef fisheries of Papua New Guinea. Environmental Conservation 33: 73–80.
Cinner J.E. & Pollnac R. (2004) Poverty, perceptions and planning: why socioeconomics matter in the management of Mexican reefs. Ocean and Coastal Management 47: 479–493.
Clausen R. & York R. (2008 a) Economic growth and marine biodiversity: influence of human social structure on decline of marine trophic levels. Conservation Biology 22: 458–466.
Clausen R. & York R. (2008 b) Global biodiversity decline of marine and freshwater fish: a cross-national analysis of economic, demographic, and ecological influences. Social Science Research (in press). DOI 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2007.10.002.
Cocklin C., Craw M. & McAuley I. (1998) Marine reserves in New Zealand: use rights, public attitudes, and social impacts. Coastal Management 26: 213–231.
Defeo O. & Castilla C. (2005) More than one bag for the world fishery crisis and keys for co-management successes in selected artisanal Latin American shellfisheries. Fish Biology and Fisheries 15: 265–283.
Dunlap R.E. & York R. (2008) The globalization of environmental concern and the limits of the postmaterialist values explanation: evidence from four multinational surveys. The Sociological Quarterly 49: 529–563.
Gelcich S., Edwards-Jones G. & Kaiser M. (2005) Importance of attitudinal differences among artisanal fishers toward co-management and conservation of marine resources. Conservation Biology 19: 865–875.
Gelcich S., Edwards-Jones G. & Kaiser M.J. (2007) Heterogeneity in fishers' harvesting decisions under a marine territorial user rights policy. Ecological Economics 61: 246–254.
Gelcich S., Edwards-Jones G., Kaiser M.J. & Castilla J.C. (2006) Co-management policy can reduce resilience in traditionally managed marine ecosystems. Ecosystems 9: 951–966.
Gelcich S., Kaiser M.J., Castilla J.C. & Edwards-Jones G. (2008) Engagement in co-management of marine benthic resources influences environmental perceptions of artisanal fishers. Environmental Conservation 35: 36–45.
Grossman G.M. & Krueger A.B. (1995) Economic growth and the environment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 110: 353–377.
Hilborn R. (2007) Moving to sustainability by learning from successful fisheries. Ambio 36: 296–303.
Horrill J.C., Darwall W.R.T. & Ngoile M.A.K. (1996) Development of a marine protected area: Mafia Island, Tanzania. Ambio 25: 50–57.
Jacobson S.K. & Marynowski S.B. (1997) Public attitudes and knowledge about ecosystem management on department of defense land in Florida. Conservation Biology 11: 770–781.
Jentoft S. (2003) Co-management: the way forward. Fish and Fisheries 26: 1–16.
Jentoft S., McCay B.J. & Wilson D.C. (1998) Social theory and fisheries co-management. Marine Policy 22: 423–436.
Kamukuru A.T., Mgaya Y.D. & Ohman M.C. (2004) Evaluating a marine protected area in a developing country: Mafia Island Marine Park, Tanzania. Ocean and Coastal Management 47: 321–337.
Mahongo S.B. (1994) The coastal profile of Mafia Island, Tanzania. Report, Tanzanian National Environmental Management Council. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
McClanahan T.R. (1999) Is there a future for coral reef parks in poor tropical countries? Coral Reefs 18: 321–325.
McClanahan T.R. (2007) Management of area and gear in Kenyan coral reefs. In: Fisheries Management: Progress towards Sustainability, ed. McClanahan T.R. & Castilla J.C., pp. 166–185. London, UK: Blackwell Press.
McClanahan T.R. & Castilla J.C. (2007) Fisheries Management: Progress towards Sustainability. London, UK: Blackwell Publishers.
McClanahan T.R., Castilla J.C., White A. & Defeo O. (2009) Healing small-scale fisheries and enhancing ecological benefits by facilitating complex social-ecological systems. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries (in press). DOI 10.1007/s11160-008-9088-8.
McClanahan T.R., Davies J. & Maina J. (2005 a) Factors influencing resource users and managers' perceptions towards marine protected area management in Kenya. Environmental Conservation 32: 42–49.
McClanahan T.R., Glaesel H., Rubens J. & Kiambo R. (1997) The effects of traditional fisheries management on fisheries yields and the coral-reef ecosystems of southern Kenya. Environmental Conservation 24: 105–120.
McClanahan T.R., Graham N.A.J., Calnan M. & MacNeil M.A. (2007) Towards pristine biomass: reef fish recovery in coral reef marine protected areas in Kenya. Ecological Applications 17: 1055–1067.
McClanahan T.R., Maina J. & Davies J. (2005 b) Perceptions of resource users and managers towards fisheries management options in Kenyan coral reefs. Fisheries Management and Ecology 12: 105–112.
McClanahan T.R. & Mangi S. (2000) Spillover of exploitable fishes from a marine park and its effect on the adjacent fishery. Ecological Applications 10: 1792–1805.
McClanahan T.R., Verheij E. & Maina J. (2006) Comparing management effectiveness of a marine park and a multiple-use collaborative fisheries management area in East Africa. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 16: 147–165.
Nelson R.H. (1995) Sustainability, efficiency, and God: economic values and the sustainability debate. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 26: 135–154.
Pollnac R.B. & Crawford B. (2000) Assessing behavioral aspects of coastal resource use. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA.
Richardson E.A., Kaiser M.J. & Jones G.E. (2005) Variation in fishers' attitudes within an inshore fishery: implications for management. Environmental Conservation 32: 213–225.
Sall J., Lehmaan A. & Creighton L. (2001) JMP Start Statistics. Duxbury, USA: Thomson Learning.
Stern D.I. (1998) Progress on the environmental Kuznets curve? Environment and Development Economics 3: 173–196.
URT (2003) Tanzanian Census – 2002. Population and housing census, Volume 2. Age and sex distribution. National Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
URT (2006) Tanzania Census - 2002. Analytical report. Volume 10. National Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
United Republic of Tanzania (2000) Mafia Island Marine Park: General Management Plan. Report, Board of Trustees for Marine Parks and Reserves, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Walley C.J. (2004) Rough Water: Nature and Development in an East African Marine Park. Princeton, USA: Princeton University Press.
Wells S., Samoilys M., Anderson J., Kalombo H. & Makoloweka S. (2007 a) Collaborative fisheries management in Tanga, Northern Tanzania. In: Fisheries Management: Progress towards Sustainability, ed. McClanahan T.R. & Castilla J.C., pp. 139–165. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.
Wells S., Burgess N. & Ngusaru A. (2007 b) Towards the 2012 marine protected area targets in Eastern Africa. Ocean and Coastal Management 50: 67–83.