Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 18
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    O'Bryhim, Jason R. Parsons, E.C.M. Gilmore, Michael P. and Lance, Stacey L. 2016. Evaluating support for shark conservation among artisanal fishing communities in Costa Rica. Marine Policy, Vol. 71, p. 1.

    Rao, M. Nagendra, H. Shahabuddin, G. and Carrasco, L. R. 2016. Protected Areas.

    Rathnayake, Rathnayake Mudiyanselage Wasantha 2016. ‘Turtle watching’: A strategy for endangered marine turtle conservation through community participation in Sri Lanka. Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 119, p. 199.

    Humber, Frances Andriamahefazafy, Mialy Godley, Brendan John and Broderick, Annette Cameron 2015. Endangered, essential and exploited: How extant laws are not enough to protect marine megafauna in Madagascar. Marine Policy, Vol. 60, p. 70.

    Negro, Juan José Blasco, Ruth Rosell, Jordi and Finlayson, Clive 2015. Potential exploitation of avian resources by fossil hominins: An overview from ethnographic and historical data. Quaternary International,

    Burger, Joanna and Gochfeld, Michael 2014. Avian Predation on Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) Sea Turtle Eggs and Hatchlings: Avian Opportunities, Turtle Avoidance, and Human Protection. Copeia, Vol. 2014, Issue. 1, p. 109.

    Conway-Gómez, Kristen Reibel, Michael and Mihiar, Christopher 2014. A predictive model of yellow spotted river turtle (Podocnemis unifilis) encounter rates at basking sites in lowland eastern Bolivia. Applied Geography, Vol. 53, p. 332.

    McClean, Nick 2014. Myth, resistance, and identity in Timor-Leste's Nino Conis Santana National Park. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 45, Issue. 02, p. 153.

    Burger, Joanna and Gochfeld, Michael 2013. Wood Storks (Mycteria americana) Prey on Eggs and Hatchlings of Olive Ridley Sea Turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) at Ostional, Costa Rica. Waterbirds, Vol. 36, Issue. 3, p. 358.

    Madrigal-Ballestero, Róger Schlüter, Achim and Claudia Lopez, Maria 2013. What makes them follow the rules? Empirical evidence from turtle egg harvesters in Costa Rica. Marine Policy, Vol. 37, p. 270.

    Campbell, Lisa M. Haalboom, Bethany J. and Trow, Jennie 2012. Enterprising Communities: Grassroots Sustainability Innovations.

    Davies, Anna 2012. Enterprising Communities: Grassroots Sustainability Innovations.

    Teleki, Kristian A. 2012. Power of the People?. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Senko, Jesse Schneller, Andrew J. Solis, Julio Ollervides, Francisco and Nichols, Wallace J. 2011. People helping turtles, turtles helping people: Understanding resident attitudes towards sea turtle conservation and opportunities for enhanced community participation in Bahia Magdalena, Mexico. Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 54, Issue. 2, p. 148.

    van Noorloos, Femke 2011. Residential Tourism Causing Land Privatization and Alienation: New pressures on Costa Rica's coasts. Development, Vol. 54, Issue. S1, p. 85.

    Lele, Sharachchandra Wilshusen, Peter Brockington, Dan Seidler, Reinmar and Bawa, Kamaljit 2010. Beyond exclusion: alternative approaches to biodiversity conservation in the developing tropics. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol. 2, Issue. 1-2, p. 94.

    West, Paige 2008. Tourism as Science and Science as Tourism. Current Anthropology, Vol. 49, Issue. 4, p. 597.

    Meletis, Zoë A. and Campbell, Lisa M. 2007. Call It Consumption! Re-Conceptualizing Ecotourism as Consumption and Consumptive. Geography Compass, Vol. 1, Issue. 4, p. 850.


Sustainability of community-based conservation: sea turtle egg harvesting in Ostional (Costa Rica) ten years later

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2007

In 1995, a study found that the socioeconomic benefits from a legalized commercial harvest of sea turtle eggs in Ostional (Costa Rica) were substantial and widely recognized by Ostional residents. Legal and administrative structures ensured community participation in and control of resource use, and evidence indicated support for community-based conservation (CBC) was high. In 2004, the study was repeated to assess how perceptions of the egg harvest might have changed over time. There were continued high levels of support for conservation and positive perceptions of the project's impacts on the economy, environment and community. Some explanations for impact rankings have changed, with greater emphasis on the importance of conservation and awareness of how this is achieved, greater animosity towards one government agency and greater concern about the impacts of tourism on the egg harvesting project. Between surveys, a variety of social, political and economic changes have occurred. The CBC concept has been further refined and critiqued; by examining a CBC project over time, this paper considers the durability and flexibility of the incentive, legal and administrative structures associated with a successful example of CBC.

Corresponding author
Correspondence: Dr Lisa Campbell Tel: +1 252–504-7628 Fax: +1 252–504-7648 e-mail:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *