Skip to main content Accessibility help

Towards Management of Environmental Problems in Egypt

  • Peter M. Haas (a1)

As a poor, developing country, Egypt faces a wide variety of pollution and other environmental problems associated with poverty. In this essay are reviewed the most severe environmental problems currently facing Egypt, as well as the range of policies which the government has assayed in order to manage them. Some of the widespread environmental problems are growing acute. Water pollution is seen as serious, and many new factories are being built without sufficient pollution control. There are real threats to agricultural productivity and public health. While many new institutional and legal steps have been undertaken in the last 7 years, most have failed to curb effectively mounting environmental stresses in the country. A rare counter-example is Mediterranean water quality, which is being helped by activation of UNEP's Mediterranean Action Plan.

Hide All
Broadus, James, Milliman, John, Edwards, Steven, Aubrey, David & Gable, Frank (1986). Rising Sea Level and Damming of Rivers: Possible Effects in Egypt and Bangladesh. Pp. 165–89. Effects of Changes in Stratospheric Ozone and Global Climate, Volume 4: Sea Level Rise (Ed. Titus, James G.). United Nations Environment Programme and United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA: vi + 193 pp., illustr.
Arab Republic of Egypt Ministry of Planning (1979). General Framework of Socio-Economic Development Five Year Plan. Ministry of Planning, Cairo, Egypt: [not available for checking].
Egypt (1971). National Report of the Republic of Egypt submitted to the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Cairo) 1971. (Summarized in The Human Environment Vol. II: Summaries of National Reports on Environmental Problems.) Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, DC, USA: 1972, pp. 21–3.
Egypt (1986). Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency Environmental Plan of Egypt: Summary. Minister of Cabinet Affairs and Minister of State for Administrative Development (12, 1986): 13 pp., mimeogr.
El-Sebae, A.H. (1980). Biochemical challenges in future lexicological research. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, B 15(6), pp. 689721.
El-Sharkawi, Fahmy & Hassan, M.N.E.R. (1979). The relation between the state of pollution in Alexandria swimming beaches and the occurrence of typhoid among bathers. Bulletin of the High Institute of Public Health of Alexandria, IX, pp. 337–51.
Godana, Bonaya Adhi (1985). Africa's Shared Water Resources. Frances Pinter, London, England, UK: 370 pp.
Haas, Peter M. (1989). Do regimes matter? Epistemic communities and Mediterranean pollution control. International Organization, 43(3), pp. 377403.
Haas, Peter M. (1990). Saving the Mediterranean: The Politics of International Environmental Cooperation. Columbia University Press, New York, NY, USA: xiv + 303 pp.
Hughes, Charles C. & Hunter, John M. (1972). The role of technological development in promoting disease in Africa. Pp. 69101 in (Eds Farvar, M. Taghi & Milton, John P.), The Careless Technology, The Natural History Press, Garden City, New York, NY, USA: xxix + 1030 pp., illustr.
Ikram, Khalid (1980). Egypt Economic Management in a Period of Transition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA: 464 pp.
Kishk, M.A. (1986). Land degradation in the Nile Valley, Ambio, 15(4), pp. 228–30.
Murphy, Irene L. & Sabadell, J. Eleonora (1986). International River Basins. Resources Policy, 12(1), pp. 133–44.
Repetto, Robert (1987). Paying the Price: Pesticide Subsidies in Developing Countries. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, USA: 27 pp.
Saada, M. Talaat Abou (1987). Environmental Protection in Egypt with Particular Emphasis on Wastewater Treatment. 14 pp., mimeogr.
Szekely, Francisco (1977). Pollution for export. Mazingira, 3/4, [not available for checking].
UNEP (1985). Management and Conservation of Renewable Marine Resources in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Region, UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 64: iii + 83 pp.
United States Council on Environmental Quality and the Department of State (1980). The Global 2000 Report to the President, Vol. II, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, USA: xxxvii + 766 pp.
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) (1980). Draft Environmental Report on Arab Republic of Egypt. 109 pp. [No final report was completed; Few synthetic data are available in the United States on Egypt, and this report, although dated, organizes much of it.]
White, Gilbert F. (1988). The environmental effects of the Dam at Aswan. Environment, 30(7), pp. 511, 3440.
The World Bank (1986). World Development Report 1986. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA: x + 256 pp.
The World Bank (1989). World Development Report 1989. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA: xii + 251 pp.
World Environment Center (1985). World Environment Handbook, World Environment Center, New York, NY, USA: 290 pp.
World Resources Institute (1986). World Resources 1986. Basic Books, New York, NY, USA: xiii + 353 pp.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed