Skip to main content
×
Home

Urban and rural perceptions of protected areas: a case study in Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, India

  • MARGARITA TRIGUERO-MAS (a1), MARC OLOMÍ-SOLÀ (a1), NAVEEN JHA (a2), FRANCISCO ZORONDO-RODRÍGUEZ (a1) and VICTORIA REYES-GARCÍA (a3)...
Summary
SUMMARY

Researchers, governments and conservation organizations recognize that the long-term integrity of protected areas (PAs) in low-income nations depends upon the support of indigenous and rural communities that live within or around them. Thus, understanding the determinants of residents’ attitudes towards PAs might provide guidance in the design, implementation and evaluation of this strategic form of biodiversity conservation. This paper (1) compares urban and rural residents’ perceptions of the impact of a PA and (2) analyses the association between the perception of economic, social and environmental impacts, and overall attitude towards the PA. Information was collected among urban and rural residents living in the vicinity of the Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary in the Western Ghats (Karnataka, India). Local residents’ attitudes towards the PA were mainly positive, especially among urban residents. Multivariate analysis showed a positive association between the perception of economic benefits and individual attitudes towards the PA. There was no statistically significant association between attitudes towards the PA and perception of social and environmental impacts. Future research should address whether positive attitudes translate into more sustainable behaviours.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence: Dr Victoria Reyes-García Tel: + 34 93 581 4218 Fax: + 34 93 581 3331 e-mail: victoria.reyes@uab.cat
References
Hide All
Adams W.M., Aveling R., Brockington D., Dickson B., Elliott J., Hutton J., Roe D., Vira B. & Wolmer W. (2004) Biodiversity conservation and the erradication of poverty. Science 306: 11461149.
Akama J.S., Lant C.L., & Burnett G.W. (1995) Conflicting attitudes toward state wildlife conservation programs in Kenya. Society and Natural Resources 8: 133144.
Allendorf T.D., Smith J. & Anderson D. (2007) Residents’ perception of Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. Landscape and Urban Planning 82: 3340.
Allendorf T.D., Swe K., Oo T., Htut Y., Aung M., Allendorf K., Hayek L., Leimgruber P. & Wemmer C. (2006) Community attitudes toward three protected areas in Upper Myanmar (Burma). Environmental Conservation 33: 344352.
Arjunan M., Holmes C., Puyravaud J.P. & Davidar P. (2006) Do developmental initiatives influence local attitudes toward conservation? A case study from the Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, India. Journal of Environmental Management 79: 188197.
Barbier E.B. (1987) The concept of sustainable economic development. Environmental Conservation 13: 101110.
Berkes F. (2004) Rethinking community-based conservation. Conservation Biology 18: 621630.
Bernard H.R. (2005) Research Methods in Anthropology. Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Walnut Creek, USA: Rowman Altamira.
Bonaiuto M., Carrus G., Martorella H. & Bonnes M. (2002) Local identity processes and environmental attitudes in land use changes: the case of natural protected areas. Journal of Economic Psychology 23: 631653.
Bose A. (2001) Population of India: 2001 Census. Results and Methodology. New Delhi, India: B.R. Publishing.
Bruner A.G., Gullison R.E., Rice R.E. & Fonseca G.A.B. (2001) Effectiveness of parks in protecting tropical biodiversity. Science 291: 125128.
Daniels S. (1992) On the relationship between bird and woody plant diversity in Uttara Kannada district of South India. Ecology 89: 53115315.
Davidar P., Arjunan M., & Puyravaud J-P. (2008) Why do local households harvest forest products? A case study from the southern Western Ghats, India. Biological Conservation 141: 18761884.
De Boer W. & Baquete D. (1998) Natural resource use, crop damage and attitudes of rural people in the vicinity of the Maputo Elephant Reserve, Mozambique. Environmental Conservation 25: 208218.
Divan W. & Rosencranz A. (2001) Environmental Law and Policy in India. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
Ferraro P. (2002) The local costs of establishing protected areas in low-income nations: Ranomafana National Park, Madagascar. Ecological Economics 43: 261275.
Fiallo E.A. & Jacobson S.K. (1995) Local communities and protected areas: attitudes of rural residents towards conservation and Machalilla National Park, Ecuador. Environmental Conservation 22: 241249.
Gadgil M., Hedge K.M. & Shetty K.A.B. (1986) Uttar Kannada: a case study in hill area development. Karnataka State of Environment Report 1985–1986. Karnataka, India.
Gillingham S. & Lee PC. (1999) The impact of wildlife-related benefits on the conservation attitudes of local people around the Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. Environmental Conservation 26: 218228.
Hedge B. & Gubbi S. (2004) Conservation status of Anshi National Park and Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary. Oryx 38: 253254.
Heinen J.T. (1993) Park-people relations in Kosi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal: a socioeconomic analysis. Environmental Conservation 20: 2534.
Holmes C. (2003) The influence of protected area outreach on conservation attitudes and resource use patterns: a case study from western Tanzania. Oryx 37: 305315.
Infield M. (1988) Attitudes of a rural community towards conservation and a local conservation area in Natal, South Africa. Biological Conservation 45: 2146.
Infield M. & Namara A. (2001) Community attitudes and behaviour towards conservation: an assessment of a community conservation programme around Lake Mburo National Park, Uganda. Oryx 35: 4860.
Kumar C. (2007) Perceptions of incentives for participation: insights from joint forest management in India. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14: 532542.
Mannigel E. (2008) Integrating parks and people: how does participation work in protected area management? Society and Natural Resources 21: 498511.
Marshall K., White R. & Anke F. (2007) Conflicts between humans over wildlife management: on the diversity of stakeholder attitudes and implications for conflict management. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 31293146.
Mehta J.A. & Heinen J.T. (2001) Does community-based conservation shape favorable attitudes among locals? An empirical study from Nepal. Environmental Management 28: 165–17.
Mehta J.A. & Kellert S.R. (1998) Local attitudes toward community-based conservation policy and programmes in Nepal: a case study in the Makalu-Barun conservation area. Environmental Conservation 25: 320333.
Mendez-Contreras J., Dickinson F. & Castillo-Burguete T. (2008) Community member viewpoints on the Ria Celestun Biosphere Reserve, Yucatan, Mexico: suggestions for improving the community/natural protected area relationship. Human Ecology 36: 111123.
Murthy I.K., Murali K.S., Hegde G.T., Bhat P.R. & Ravindranath N.H. (2002) A comparative analysis of regeneration in natural forests and joint forest management plantations in Uttara Kannada district, Western Ghats. Current Science 83: 13581364.
Myers N., Mittermeier R., Mittermeier C., da Fonseca G. & Kent J. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853858.
Nayak P.K. & Berkes F. (2008) Politics of co-optation: community forest management versus joint forest management in Orissa, India. Environmental Management 41: 707718.
Nepal S.J. & Weber K.E. (1995) The quandary of local park-people relations in Nepal's royal Chitwan National Park. Environmental Management 19: 853866.
Newmark W.D., Leonard N.L., Sariko H.I. & Gamassa D.G.M. (1993) Conservation attitudes of local people living adjacent to five protected areas in Tanzania. Biological Conservation 63: 177183.
Oliveira P.J.C., Asner G.P., Knapp D.E., Almeyda A., Galvan-Gildemeister R., Keene S., Raybin R.F. & Smith R.C. (2007) Land-use allocation protects the Peruvian Amazon. Science 317: 12331236.
Pascal J.P., Shyman Sunder V. & Meher-Homji V.M. (1984) Forest map of South-India-Sheet: Belgaum-Dharwar-Panaji. Karnataka Forest Department and French Institute of Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India.
Rao M., Rabinowitz A. & Khaing S. (2002) Status review of the protected-area system in Myanmar, with recommendations for conservation planning. Conservation Biology 16: 360368.
Rishi P. (2007) Joint forest management in India: an attitudinal analysis of stakeholders. Resources Conservation and Recycling 51: 345354.
Robbins P., McSweeny K., Chhangani A.K. & Rice J.L. (2009) Conservation as it is: illicit resource use in a wildlife reserve in India. Human Ecology 37: 559575.
Rodgers W.A., Panwar H. & Mathur V.B. (2002) Wildlife protected area network in India: a review. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.
Roth R. (2004) On the colonial margins and in the global hotspot: park-people conflicts in highland Thailand. Asia Pacific Viewpoints 45: 1332.
Schmidt-Soltau K. (2003) Conservation-related resettlement in central Africa: environmental and social risks. Development and Change 34: 525551.
Seetharaman R. (2001) The law on wild life and protected areas in India. An analysis. Indian Journal of Environmental Law 2: 6184.
Singh KS. (2003) People of India, Karnataka, Volume XXVI, Part Two. New Delhi, India: Affiliated East-West Press Pvt. Ltd.
Struhsaker T., Struhsaker P. & Siex K. (2005) Conserving Africa's rain forests: problems in protected areas and possible solutions. Biological Conservation 123: 4554.
Udaya Sekhar N. (2003) Local people's attitudes towards conservation and wildlife tourism around Sariska Tiger Reserve, India. Journal of Environmental Management 69: 339347.
Weladji R., Moe S. & Vedeld P. (2003) Stakeholder attitudes towards wildlife policy and the Benoue Wildlife Conservation Area, North Cameroon. Environmental Conservation 30: 334343.
Weller S. (1998) Structured interviewing and questionnaire construction. In: The Handbook of Methods in Cultural Anthropology, ed. Bernard H.R.. Walnut Creek, USA: Altamira Press.
West P. & Brechin S. (1991) Resident Peoples and National Parks: Social Dilemmas and Strategies in International Conservation. Tucson, AZ, USA: The University of Arizona Press.
West P., Igoe J. & Brockington D. (2006) Parks and peoples: the social impacts of protected areas. Annual Review of Anthropology 35: 251277.
Wittemyer G., Elsen P., Bean WT., Burton A.C. & Brashares J.S. (2008) Accelerated human population growth at protected area edges. Science 321: 123126.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Conservation
  • ISSN: 0376-8929
  • EISSN: 1469-4387
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-conservation
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 45 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 241 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.