Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

RESEARCH ARTICLE: Three Tools for Evaluating Participation: Focus Groups, Q Method, and Surveys

  • Stentor Danielson (a1), Seth P. Tuler (a2), Susan L. Santos (a3), Thomas Webler (a2) and Caron Chess (a4)...
Abstract

To enable successful public participation in environmental decision making, practitioners need to know what works, but evaluation of proposed and existing processes is often lacking. We tested three tools for evaluation—focus groups, Q method, and surveys—at two contaminated sites with extensive public participation. Each tool is evaluated based on its requirements for implementation, the information it produces, and its acceptability to stakeholders. Which tool is most appropriate depends heavily on the available resources, what is happening at the site, and the evaluator's goals.

Environmental Practice 14:101–109 (2012)

Copyright
Corresponding author
Stentor Danielson, Department of Geography, Geology, and the Environment, 1 Morrow Way, Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, PA 16057; (phone) 724-738-2564; (fax) 724-738-4217; (e-mail) stentor.danielson@sru.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S. Charnley , and B. Engelbert . 2005. Evaluating Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making: EPA's Superfund Community Involvement Program. Journal of Environmental Management 77(3):165182.

C. Chess 2000. Evaluating Environmental Public Participation: Methodological Questions. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 43(6):769784.

N.A. Connelly , T.L. Brown , and D.J. Decker . 2003. Factors Affecting Response Rates to Natural Resource–Focused Mail Surveys: Empirical Evidence of Declining Rates over Time. Society & Natural Resources 16(6):541549.

D.J. Fiorino 1989. Technical and Democratic Values in Risk Analysis. Risk Analysis 9(3):293299.

B. McKeown , and D. Thomas . 1988. Q Methodology. Sage, Beverly Hills, CA, 83 pp.

D.L. Morgan , and R.L. Kruger 1998. The Focus Group Guidebook, volume 1: The Focus Group Kit. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, 103 pp.

S. Presser , J.M. Rothgeb , M.P. Couper , J.T. Lessler , E. Martin , and J. Martin , eds. 2004. Methods for Testing and Evaluating Survey Questionnaires. Wiley Series in Survey Methodology. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, 624 pp.

O. Renn , T. Webler , and P.M. Wiedemann . 1995. Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation: Evaluating Models for Environmental Discourse. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 381 pp.

G. Rowe , and L. Frewer . 2005. A Typology of Public Engagement Mechanisms. Science, Technology, & Human Values 30(2):251290.

T. Webler , and S.P. Tuler . 2006. Four Perspectives on Public Participation Process in Environmental Assessment and Decision Making: Combined Results from 10 Case Studies. Policy Studies Journal 34(4):699722.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Environmental Practice
  • ISSN: 1466-0466
  • EISSN: 1466-0474
  • URL: /core/journals/environmental-practice
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 11 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 107 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 29th March 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.