Hostname: page-component-fc487d775-v59kc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-09-20T19:10:53.543Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForArticlePurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForBookPurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForElementPurchase": false, "coreUseNewShare": true, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

Campylobacter enteritis in Saudi Arabia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 May 2009

R. Zaman
Department of Pathology, King Khalid National Guard Hospital, Jeddah–21411, Saudi Arabia
Rights & Permissions [Opens in a new window]


Core share and HTML view are not possible as this article does not have html content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

A 12-month survey on the incidence of campylobacter infection in 1217 patients with diarrhoea was carried out in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Campylobacters were isolated from 55 (4·5%) patients, second in prevalence to salmonellas (6·2%). Shigellas were isolated from 4·2% of patients. Campylobacter isolation rates were high in children of all ages, as well as in young adults (36·5% of all isolates were from adults aged 20–39 years). Isolation rates peaked in September and November. Analysis of the results showed that 69% were Campylobacter jejuni (mostly biotype IV) and 31% C. coli. Serogroups 5 and 23 (Penner scheme) and phage type 125 (Preston scheme) were most frequently isolated. Resistance to erythromycin and tetracycline was observed in 7·3 and 32·7% of the isolates. Campylobacters are an important cause of bacterial enteritis in Saudi Arabia, both in adults and in children, and should be sought routinely.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1992



1.Butzler, JP, Dekeyser, P, Detrain, M, Dehaen, R. Related vibrio in stools. J Pediatr 1973; 82: 493–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
2.Skirrow, MB. Campylobaoter enteritis: a ‘new’ disease. BMJ 1977; 2: 911.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
3.Surveillance of gastrointestinal infections: 19801989. In Communicable Disease Report Edition 89/52. Compiled in the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Colindale, London.Google Scholar
4.Lassen, J, Kapperud, G. Epidemiological aspects of enteritis due to Campylobacter spp. in Norway. J Clin Microbiol 1984; 19: 153–6.Google ScholarPubMed
5.Rusu, V, Paigu, L, Dorobat, O, Zaharia, V. Evaluation of Campylobacter jejuni incidence in enteritis; biologic characteristics of isolated strains. Arch Roum Path Exp Microbiol 1982; 41: 303–9.Google ScholarPubMed
6.Popovic–Uroic, T. Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli diarrhoea in rural and urban populations in Yugoslavia. Epidemiol Infect 1989; 102: 5967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7.Ho, BSW, Wong, WT. A one–year survey of campylobacter enteritis and other forms of bacterial diarrhoea in Hong Kong. J Hyg 1985; 94: 5560.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
8.Nair, GB, Bhattacharya, SK, Pal, SC. Isolation and characterization of Campylobacter jejuni from acute diarrhoeal cases in Calcutta. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1983; 77: 474–6.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
9.Robertson, C, Robertson, R, Severn, M. Isolation of Campylobacter fetus subspecies jejuni from faecal samples submitted from patients attending the Riyadh Military Hospital during a three–month period. Saudi Med J 1981; 2: 73–6.Google Scholar
10.Chowdhury, MNH, Mahgoub, ES. Gastroenteritis due to Campylobacter jejuni in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1981; 75: 359–61.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
11.Rahman, ASMM, Munshi, MH, Miah, AL, Qadri, MH, Sadiq, AA, Kibriya, AKMG. Isolation of Campylobacter jejuni from diarrhoea patients in Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. J Diarrh Dis Res 1986; 4: 8790.Google ScholarPubMed
12.Lior, H. New extended biotyping scheme for Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter lardis. J Clin Microbiol 1984; 20: 636–40.Google Scholar
13.Skirrow, MB. A demographic survey of campylobacter, salmonella and shigella infections in England. Epidemiol Infect 1987; 99: 647–57.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
14.Tauxe, RV, Hargrett–Bean, N, Patton, CM, Wachsmuth, IK. Campylobacter isolates in the United States, 1982–1986. MMWR 1988; 37: 113.Google ScholarPubMed
15.Sibbald, CJ, Sharp, JCM. Campylobacter infection in urban and rural populations in Scotland. J Hyg 1985; 95: 8793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
16.Neogi, PKB, Shahid, NS. Serotypes of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from patients attending a diarrhoeal disease hospital in urban Bangladesh. J Med Microbiol 1987; 24: 303–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
17.Zaman, R. Tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia: epidemiology and incidence of M. tuberculosis and other mycobacterial species. Tubercle 1991; 72: 43–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
18.Figueroa, G, Troncoso, M, Galeno, H, Soto, V, Toledo, MS. Biotypes, serogroups and antibiotic susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in Chile. J Infect 1990; 20: 123–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
19.Georges-Courbot, MC, Gouandjika, I, Martin, PMV, Georges, AJ. Biotype and Lior serogroup distribution of enteric campylobacter isolated from children in Bangui (Central African Republic), and comparison with Penner serotypes. Res Microbiol 1989; 140: 489–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
20.Megraud, F, Gavinet, AM, Camou-Junca, C. Serogroups and biotypes of human strains of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolated in France. Eur J Clin Microbiol 1987; 6: 641–5.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
21.Chowdhury, MNH. Campylobacter jejuni enteritis and its laboratory diagnosis. Ann Saudi Med 1986; 6: 226–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar