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Deaths from necrotizing fasciitis in the United States, 2003–2013

  • N. ARIF (a1), S. YOUSFI (a1) and C. VINNARD (a1)

Summary

Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening infection requiring urgent surgical and medical therapy. Our objective was to estimate the mortality burden of NF in the United States, and to identify time trends in the incidence rate of NF-related mortality. We obtained data from the National Center for Health Statistics, which receives information from death certificates from all states, including demographic information and cause of death. The U.S. Multiple Cause of Death Files were searched from 2003 to 2013 for a listing of NF (ICD-10 code M72.6) as either the underlying or contributing cause of death. We identified a total of 9871 NF-related deaths in the United States between 2003 and 2013, corresponding to a crude mortality rate of 4·8 deaths/1 000 000 person-years, without a significant time trend. Compared to white individuals, the incidence rate of NF-associated death was greater in black, Hispanic, and American Indian individuals, and lower in Asian individuals. Streptococcal infection was most commonly identified in cases where a pathogen was reported. Diabetes mellitus and obesity were more commonly observed in NF-related deaths compared to deaths due to other causes. Racial differences in the incidence of NF-related deaths merits further investigation.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence: Christopher Vinnard, MD, MPH, MSCE, Division of Infectious Diseases & HIV Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N 15th Street, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA. (Email: christopher.vinnard@drexelmed.edu)

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Keywords

Deaths from necrotizing fasciitis in the United States, 2003–2013

  • N. ARIF (a1), S. YOUSFI (a1) and C. VINNARD (a1)

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