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    Lal, Aparna Fearnley, Emily and Kirk, Martyn 2015. The Risk of Reported Cryptosporidiosis in Children Aged. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 12, Issue. 9, p. 11815.


    Macpherson, C.N.L. and Bidaisee, S. 2015. Foodborne Parasites in the Food Supply Web.


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Epidemiological and clinical description of the top three reportable parasitic diseases in a Canadian community

  • A. RAVEL (a1), A. NESBITT (a2), K. PINTAR (a3), A. MACARTHUR (a4), H.-L. WANG (a4), B. MARSHALL (a2) and F. POLLARI (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S095026881200057X
  • Published online: 28 May 2012
Abstract
SUMMARY

This study provides a comprehensive epidemio-clinical picture of sporadic, domestically acquired cases of amoebiasis, cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis in one Canadian community based on patient symptom, outcome and exposure data from an enhanced surveillance system. It yields valuable data for estimating the burden of those diseases including the proportion of bloody diarrhoea, hospitalization, and disease duration. Age differences were observed by incidence rate and for some clinical information and exposures to risk factors. For each of the three diseases, the animal/environment-to-person route was the most common possible main transmission route according to the exposure reported, whereas the person-to-person route was the least common. Exposure was higher for the 10–24 years age group of giardiasis cases for swimming in recreational waters (79%) and attending a barbeque (50%). Therefore, comparisons between groups of cases or extrapolation of results when estimating the burden of illness should be adjusted for age.

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Copyright
The online version of this article is published within an Open Access environment subject to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/>. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use.
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr A. Ravel, Faculté de médecine vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 rue Sicotte C.P. 5000, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec Canada, J2S 7C6. (Email: andre.ravel@umontreal.ca)
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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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