Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 92
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Borck Høg, B. Sommer, H.M. Larsen, L.S. Sørensen, A.I.V. David, B. Hofshagen, M. and Rosenquist, H. 2016. Farm specific risk factors for Campylobacter colonisation in Danish and Norwegian broilers. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 130, p. 137.

    Pohjola, L. Nykäsenoja, S. Kivistö, R. Soveri, T. Huovilainen, A. Hänninen, M.L. and Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M. 2016. Zoonotic Public Health Hazards in Backyard Chickens. Zoonoses and Public Health, Vol. 63, Issue. 5, p. 420.

    Yamazaki, W. Uemura, R. Sekiguchi, S. Dong, J.-B. Watanabe, S. Kirino, Y. Mekata, H. Nonaka, N. Norimine, J. Sueyoshi, M. Goto, Y. Horii, Y. Kurogi, M. Yoshino, S. and Misawa, N. 2016. CampylobacterandSalmonellaare prevalent in broiler farms in Kyushu, Japan: results of a 2-year distribution and circulation dynamics audit. Journal of Applied Microbiology, Vol. 120, Issue. 6, p. 1711.

    Robyn, Joris Rasschaert, Geertrui Pasmans, Frank and Heyndrickx, Marc 2015. ThermotolerantCampylobacterduring Broiler Rearing: Risk Factors and Intervention. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, Vol. 14, Issue. 2, p. 81.

    Sahin, Orhan Kassem, Issmat I. Shen, Zhangqi Lin, Jun Rajashekara, Gireesh and Zhang, Qijing 2015. Campylobacterin Poultry: Ecology and Potential Interventions. Avian Diseases, Vol. 59, Issue. 2, p. 185.

    Gelaude, P. Schlepers, M. Verlinden, M. Laanen, M. and Dewulf, J. 2014. Biocheck.UGent: A quantitative tool to measure biosecurity at broiler farms and the relationship with technical performances and antimicrobial use. Poultry Science, Vol. 93, Issue. 11, p. 2740.

    Jansen, W. Reich, F. and Klein, G. 2014. Large-scale feasibility of organic acids as a permanent preharvest intervention in drinking water of broilers and their effect on foodborneCampylobacterspp. before processing. Journal of Applied Microbiology, Vol. 116, Issue. 6, p. 1676.

    Torralbo, Alicia Borge, Carmen Allepuz, Alberto García-Bocanegra, Ignacio Sheppard, Samuel K. Perea, Anselmo and Carbonero, Alfonso 2014. Prevalence and risk factors of Campylobacter infection in broiler flocks from southern Spain. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 114, Issue. 2, p. 106.

    Yang, Hongshun Dey, Shuvra K. Buchanan, Robert and Biswas, Debabrata 2014. Practical Food Safety.

    CHOWDHURY, S. THEMUDO, G. E. SANDBERG, M. and ERSBØLL, A. K. 2013. Spatio-temporal patterns of Campylobacter colonization in Danish broilers. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 141, Issue. 05, p. 997.

    GHAREEB, K. AWAD, W.A. MOHNL, M. SCHATZMAYR, G. and BÖHM, J. 2013. Control strategies for Campylobacter infection in poultry production. World's Poultry Science Journal, Vol. 69, Issue. 01, p. 57.

    Sommer, H.M. Heuer, O.E. Sørensen, A.I.V. and Madsen, M. 2013. Analysis of factors important for the occurrence of Campylobacter in Danish broiler flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 111, Issue. 1-2, p. 100.

    2013. Managing Food Safety Risks in the Agri-Food Industries.

    Backhans, Annette and Fellström, Claes 2012. Rodents on pig and chicken farms – a potential threat to human and animal health. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology, Vol. 2,

    Chowdhury, Sharmin Sandberg, Marianne Themudo, Gonçalo E. and Ersbøll, Annette K. 2012. The effect of presence of infected neighbouring farms for the Campylobacter infection status in Danish broiler farms. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, Vol. 3, Issue. 4, p. 311.

    ELLIS-IVERSEN, J. RIDLEY, A. MORRIS, V. SOWA, A. HARRIS, J. ATTERBURY, R. SPARKS, N. and ALLEN, V. 2012. Persistent environmental reservoirs on farms as risk factors for Campylobacter in commercial poultry. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 140, Issue. 05, p. 916.

    Jonsson, Malin E. Chriél, Mariann Norström, Madelaine and Hofshagen, Merete 2012. Effect of climate and farm environment on Campylobacter spp. colonisation in Norwegian broiler flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 107, Issue. 1-2, p. 95.

    LAWES, J. R. VIDAL, A. CLIFTON-HADLEY, F. A. SAYERS, R. RODGERS, J. SNOW, L. EVANS, S. J. and POWELL, L. F. 2012. Investigation of prevalence and risk factors for Campylobacter in broiler flocks at slaughter: results from a UK survey. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 140, Issue. 10, p. 1725.

    Ansari-Lari, Maryam Hosseinzadeh, Saeid Shekarforoush, S. Shahram Abdollahi, Mostafa and Berizi, Enayat 2011. Prevalence and risk factors associated with campylobacter infections in broiler flocks in Shiraz, southern Iran. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol. 144, Issue. 3, p. 475.

    Aury, Kristell Le Bouquin, Sophie Toquin, Marie-Thérèse Huneau-Salaün, Adeline Le Nôtre, Yolène Allain, Virginie Petetin, Isabelle Fravalo, Philippe and Chemaly, Marianne 2011. Risk factors for Listeria monocytogenes contamination in French laying hens and broiler flocks. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 98, Issue. 4, p. 271.


Epidemiological investigation of risk factors for Campylobacter colonization in Norwegian broiler flocks

  • G. Kapperud (a1) (a2), E. Skjerve (a2), L. Vik (a3), K. Hauge (a4), A. Lysaker (a3), I. Aalmen (a4), S. M. Ostroff (a5) and M. Potter (a5)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

An epidemiological investigation was conducted to identify risk factors related to hygiene and husbandry practices which determine the introduction of Campylobacter spp. into broiler chicken flocks. All 176 broiler farms in an area in southeastern Norway participated in the study. Each farm was represented by one flock selected at random during a one-year period. The flocks were examined for Campylobacter colonization at slaughter, and the flock managers were sub-sequently interviewed about hygiene and husbandry practices. Campylobacter spp. were recovered from 32 (18%) of the flocks. The proportion of colonized flocks varied geographically and seasonally with a peak in the autumn. The following variables were found to be independently associated with an increased risk of Campylobacter colonization using logistic regression analysis: (i) feeding the broilers undisinfected water (odds ratio (OR) = 3·42, P = 0·045), (ii) tending other poultry prior to entering the broiler house (OR = 6·43, P = 0·007), (iii) tending pigs before entering the house (OR = 4·86, P = 0·037), (iv) geographic region (Hedmark versus Østfold county) (OR = 2·91), P = 0·023, (v) season (autumn versus other seasons) (OR = 3·43, P = 0·008). Presence of rats on the farm was associated with an increased risk, but this factor did not reach statistical significance (OR = 3·96, P = 0·083). Preventive measures should include dis-infection of drinking water and strict hygienic routines when the farm workers enter the rearing room. The results indicated that disinfection of drinking water is the preventive measure most likely to have the greatest impact on the prevalence of Campylobacter among broiler chicken flocks in the study area (population attributable fraction = 0·53).

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

6.RS Hopkins . R Olmsted , GR Istre . Endemic Campylobacter jejuni infection in Colorado: identified risk factors. Am J Publ Hlth 1984; 74: 249–50.

13.MA Myszewski , NJ Stern . Influence of Campylobacter jejuni cecal colonization on immunoglobulin response in chickens. Avian Dis 1990; 34: 588–94.

14.NJ Stern , RJ Meinersmann , HW Dickerson . Influence of antibody treatment of Campylobacter jejuni on the dose required to colonize chicks. Avian Dis 1990; 34: 595601.

16.NJ Stern , RJ Meinersmann , NA Cox , JS Bailey , LC Blankenship . Influence of host lineage on cecal colonization by Campylobacter jejuni in chickens. Avian Dis 1990; 34: 602–6.

19.AL Izat , FA Gardner . Incidence of Campylobacter jejuni in processed egg products. Poultry Sci 1988; 67: 1431–5.

20.SD Neill , JN Campbell , JJ O'Brien . Egg penetration by Campylobacter jejuni. Avian Pathol 1985; 14: 313–20.

22.A Annan-Prah , M Jane . The mode of spread of Campylobacter jejuni/coli to broiler flocks. J Vet Med B 1988; 35: 11–8.

26.G Kapperud . S Aasen . Descriptive epidemiology of infections due to thermkotolerant Campylobacter spp. in Norway. 1979–1988. Acta Path Microbiol Immunol Scand 1992; 100: 883–90.

27.G Kapperud . J Lassen , SM Ostroff , S Aasen . Clinical features of sporadic Campylobacter infections in Norway. Scand J Infect Dis 1992; 24: 741–9.

30.MB Skirrow , J Benjamin . Differentiation of enteropathogenic Campylobacter. J Clin Pathol 1980; 33: 1122.

32.O Brennhovd . G Kapperud . G Langeland . Survey of thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. and Yersinia spp. in three surface water sources in Norway. Int J Food Microbiol 1992: 15: 327–38.

33.NV Harris , D Thompson , DC Martin . CM Nolan . A survey of Campylobacter and other bacterial contaminants of pre-market chicken and retail poultry and meats, King County, Washington. Am J Publ Hlth 1986: 76: 401–6.

36.O Rosef . B Gondrosen . G Kapperud . Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli as surface contaminants of fresh and frozen poultry carcasses. Int J Food Microbiol 1984; 1: 205–15.

37.NJ Stern , JS Bailey , LC Blankenship , NA Cox , F McHan . Colonization characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni in chick ceca. Avian Dis 1988; 32: 330–4.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *