Genomic profiles were obtained for 76 strains of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from bacteraemic patients in England and Wales over the period 1981–94. Genotyping was performed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis using a random cloned DNA probe, and by ribotyping with a PCR-generated C. jejuni 16S ribosomal DNA probe. Phenotypic characterization was achieved by heat-stable (HS) and heat-labile (HL) serogrouping, and Preston phagetyping and biotyping. The blood isolates were genomically heterogenous, with 24 RFLP/16S profiles occurring within the 76 strains. Forty-four percent of isolates belonged to one of three RFLP/16S genotypes, reflecting the patterns seen in faecal isolates, except that genotypes usually associated with the HS 1 antigen were uncommon. The two most prevalent genotypes, characteristic of HS 2 and HS 4 strains, showed similarity by cluster analysis. Further evidence was seen of associations between phenotypic and genotypic characters within some HS serogroups. Chromosomal profiling by RFLP analysis does not indicate that particular genotypes have a predisposition to invade the bloodstream.