Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

High prevalence of Nova hantavirus infection in the European mole (Talpa europaea) in France

  • S. H. GU (a1), J. DORMION (a2), J.-P. HUGOT (a3) and R. YANAGIHARA (a1)
Abstract
SUMMARY

Recent discovery of genetically distinct hantaviruses in shrews and moles (order Soricomorpha, family Soricidae and Talpidae) has challenged the conventional view that rodents serve as the principal reservoir hosts. Nova virus (NVAV), previously identified in archival liver tissue of a single European mole (Talpa europaea) from Hungary, represents one of the most highly divergent hantaviruses identified to date. To ascertain the spatial distribution and genetic diversity of NVAV, we employed RT–PCR to analyse lungs from 94 moles, captured in two locations in France, during October 2012 to March 2013. NVAV was detected in more than 60% of moles at each location, suggesting efficient enzootic virus transmission and confirming that this mole species serves as the reservoir host. Although the pathogenic potential of NVAV is unknown, the widespread geographical distribution of the European mole might pose a hantavirus exposure risk for humans.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr R. Yanagihara, Pacific Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases Research, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA. (Email: ryanagih@hawaii.edu)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1. O Vapalahti , Hantavirus infections in Europe. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2003; 3: 653661.

2. CB Jonsson , LT Figueiredo , O Vapalahti . A global perspective on hantavirus ecology, epidemiology, and disease. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 2010; 23: 412441.

3. KC Pounder , Novel hantavirus in field vole, United Kingdom. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2013; 19: 673675.

5. IN Gavrilovskaya , Features of circulation of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) virus among small mammals in the European U.S.S.R. Archives of Virology 1983; 75: 313316.

6. JW Song , Seewis virus, a genetically distinct hantavirus in the Eurasian common shrew (Sorex araneus). Virology Journal 2007; 4: 114e.

9. B Klempa , L Radosa , DH Krüger . The broad spectrum of hantaviruses and their hosts in Central Europe. Acta Virologica 2013; 57: 130137.

13. HW Lee , PW Lee , KM Johnson . Isolation of the etiologic agent of Korean hemorrhagic fever. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1978; 137: 298308.

14. LJ Dizney , LA Ruedas . Increased host species diversity and decreased prevalence of Sin Nombre virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2009; 15: 10121018.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 12 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 137 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 28th June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.