Hubálek Z, Halouzka J. West Nile fever – a reemerging mosquito-borne viral disease in Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases
1999; 5: 643–650.
Higgs S, Snow K, Gould EA. The potential for West Nile virus to establish outside of its natural range: a consideration of potential mosquito vectors in the United Kingdom. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
2004; 98: 82–87.
Sebastián MM, et al.
Pathological, entomological, avian and meteorological investigation of a West Nile virus epidemic in a horse farm. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
2008; 55: 134–139.
Kramer LD, Styer LM, Ebel GD. A global perspective on the epidemiology of West Nile virus. Annual Review of Entomology
2008; 53: 61–81.
Komar N. West Nile virus: epidemiology and ecology in North America. Advances in Virus Research
2003; 61: 185–234.
Cabre O, et al.
West Nile virus in horses, sub-Saharan Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2010; 12: 1958–1960.
Sotelo E, et al.
Characterization of West Nile virus isolates from Spain: new insights into the distinct West Nile virus eco-epidemiology in the Western Mediterranean. Virology
2009; 395: 289–297.
Calistri P, et al.
Epidemiology of West Nile in Europe and in the Mediterranean Basin. Open Virology Journal
2010; 4: 29–37.
Mostashari F, et al.
Dead bird clusters as an early warning system for West Nile virus activity. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2003; 9: 641–646.
Ward MP, Scheurmann JA. The relationship between equine and human West Nile virus disease occurrence. Veterinary Microbiology
2008; 129: 378–383.
Tachiiri K, et al.
Predicting outbreaks: a spatial risk assessment of West Nile virus in British Columbia. International Journal of health Geographics
2007; 5: 21.
Wimberly MC, et al.
Ecological niche of the 2003 West Nile virus epidemic in the Northern Great Plains of the United States. PLoS ONE
2008; 3: e3744.
Clements ACA, Pfeiffer DU. Emerging viral zoonoses: frameworks for spatial and spatiotemporal risk assessments and resource planning. Veterinary Journal
2009; 182: 21–30.
Makropoulos CK, Butler D. Spatial ordered weighted averaging: incorporating spatially variable attitude towards risk in spatial multi-criteria decision-making. Environmental Modelling & Software
2006; 21: 69–84.
Clements ACA, Pfeiffer DU, Martin V. Application of knowledge-driven spatial modelling approaches and uncertainty management to a study of Rift Valley fever in Africa. International Journal of Health Geographics
2006; 5: 57.
Chevalier V, et al.
Environmental risk factors of West Nile virus infection of horses in the Senegal River basin. Epidemiology and Infection
2010; 138: 1601–1609.
Filipe AR, De Andrade HR. Arboviruses in the Iberian Peninsula. Acta Virologica
1990; 34: 582–591.
Kaptoul D, et al.
West Nile virus in Spain: reports of the first diagnosed case (in Spain) in a human with aseptic meningitis. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
2007; 39: 70–71.
Jiménez-Clavero MA, et al.
West Nile virus in golden eagles, Spain, 2007. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2008; 14: 1489–1491.
Figuerola J, et al.
Prevalence of West Nile virus neutralizing antibodies in colonial aquatic birds in southern Spain. Avian Pathology
2007; 36: 209–212.
Figuerola J, et al.
Size matters: West Nile Virus neutralizing antibodies in resident and migratory birds in Spain. Veterinary Microbiology
2008; 132: 39–46.
López G, et al.
Prevalence of West Nile virus antibodies in Spain is related to the behaviour of migratory birds. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
2008; 8: 615–621.
Ward MP. Epidemic West Nile virus encephalomyelitis: a temperature-dependent, spatial model of disease dynamics. Preventive Veterinary Medicine
2005; 71: 253–264.
Epstein PR. West Nile virus and the climate. Journal of Urban Health
2001; 78: 367–371.
López-Vélez R, Molina Moreno R. Climate change in Spain and the risk of infectious and parasitic diseases transmitted by arthropods and rodents [in Spanish]. Revista Española de Salud Pública
2005; 79: 177–190.
Reisen WK, Fang Y, Martinez VM. Effects of temperature on the transmission of West Nile virus by Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology
2006: 43: 309–317.
Mellor PS, Leake CJ. Climatic and geographic influences on arboviral infections and vectors. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l'Office International des Epizooties
2000; 19: 41–54.
Sanz-Zuasti J, Velasco T. Vertebrate Fauna of Castile and Leon, Volume I: Birds [in Spanish]. Medina del Campo (Valladolid, Spain): Náyade, 2005.
Murgue B, et al.
West Nile outbreak in horses in southern France, 2000: the return after 35 years. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2001; 7: 692–696.
Drobne S, Lisec A. Multi-attibute decision analysis in GIS: weighted linear combination and ordered weighted averaging. Informatica
2009; 33: 459–474.
Durand B, et al.
Serosurvey for West Nile virus in horses in southern France. Veterinary Record
2005; 157: 711–713.
Malkinson M, et al.
Introduction of West Nile virus in the Middle East by migrating white storks. Emerging Infectious Diseases
2002; 8: 392–397.
Ponçon N, et al.
Population dynamics of pest mosquitoes and potential malaria and West Nile virus vectors in relation to climatic factors and human activities in the Camargue, France. Medical and Veterinary Entomology
2007; 21: 350–357.
Zeller HG, Schuffenecker I. West Nile virus: an overview of its spread in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin in contrast to its spread in the Americas. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology
2004; 23: 147–156.
Sánchez-Seco MP, Navarro JM. Infections with Tuscany virus, West Nile virus and other arboviruses of interest in Europe [in Spanish]. Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
2005; 23: 560–568.
Calvete C, et al.
Ecological correlates of bluetongue virus in Spain: predicted spatial occurrence and its relationship with the observed abundance of the potential Culicoides spp. vector. Veterinary Journal
2009; 182: 235–243.