Feikin, Daniel R. Hammitt, Laura L. Murdoch, David R. O’Brien, Katherine L. and Scott, J. Anthony G. 2017. The Enduring Challenge of Determining Pneumonia Etiology in Children: Considerations for Future Research Priorities. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 64, Issue. suppl_3, p. S188.
Nguyen, Van Hoan Dubot-Pérès, Audrey Russell, Fiona M. Dance, David A. B. Vilivong, Keoudomphone Phommachan, Souphatsone Syladeth, Chanthaphone Lai, Jana Lim, Ruth Morpeth, Melinda Mayxay, Mayfong Newton, Paul N. Richet, Hervé and De Lamballerie, Xavier 2017. Acute respiratory infections in hospitalized children in Vientiane, Lao PDR – the importance of Respiratory Syncytial Virus. Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, Issue. 1,
Thompson, Mark G. Hunt, Danielle R. Arbaji, Ali K. Simaku, Artan Tallo, Veronica L. Biggs, Holly M. Kulb, Carolyn Gordon, Aubree Khader, Ilham Abu Bino, Silvia Lucero, Marilla G. Azziz-Baumgartner, Eduardo Shifflett, Pat Sanchez, Felix Marar, Basima I. Bakalli, Ilirjana Simões, Eric A. F. Levine, Min Z. Meece, Jennifer K. Balmaseda, Angel Al-Sanouri, Tareq M. Dhimolea, Majlinda de Jesus, Joanne N. Thornburg, Natalie J. Gerber, Susan I. and Gresh, Lionel 2017. Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in infants study (IRIS) of hospitalized and non-ill infants aged <1 year in four countries: study design and methods. BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol. 17, Issue. 1,
Yoshihara, Keisuke Le, Minh Nhat Okamoto, Michiko Wadagni, Anita Carolle Akpeedje Nguyen, Hien Anh Toizumi, Michiko Pham, Enga Suzuki, Motoi Nguyen, Ai Thi Thuy Oshitani, Hitoshi Ariyoshi, Koya Moriuchi, Hiroyuki Hashizume, Masahiro Dang, Duc Anh and Yoshida, Lay-Myint 2016. Association of RSV-A ON1 genotype with Increased Pediatric Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Vietnam. Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue. 1,
Tasher, Diana Stein, Michal Solomon, Clara Shachor-Meyouhas, Yael Glikman, Daniel Mandelboim, Michal Kassis, Imad and Somekh, Eli 2015. Children hospitalised with influenza-associated pneumonia during the 2009 pandemic displayed increased disease severity. Acta Paediatrica, Vol. 104, Issue. 3, p. e100.
Farida, Helmia Gasem, M. Hussein Suryanto, Agus Keuter, Monique Zulkarnain, Nasirun Satoto, Bambang van der Eijk, Annemiek A. Djokomoeljanto, R. Wahyono, Hendro Verbrugh, Henri A. Severin, Juliëtte A. and van den Broek, Peterhans J. 2015. Viruses and Gram-negative bacilli dominate the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in Indonesia, a cohort study. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 38, p. 101.
Prapasiri, Prabda Owusu, Jocelynn T. Thammathitiwat, Somsak Ditsungnoen, Darunee Boonmongkon, Pimpawan Sangwichian, Ornuma Prasert, Kriengkrai Srihapanya, Sankhom Sornwong, Kanlaya Kerdsin, Anusak Dejsirilert, Surang Baggett, Henry C. and Olsen, Sonja J. 2015. Streptococcus suisInfection in Hospitalized Patients, Nakhon Phanom Province, Thailand. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 21, Issue. 2,
Praphasiri, Prabda Owusu, Jocelynn T. Thammathitiwat, Somsak Ditsungnoen, Darunee Boonmongkon, Pimpawan Sangwichian, Ornuma Prasert, Kriengkrai Srihapanya, Sankhom Sornwong, Kanlaya Kerdsin, Anusak Dejsirilert, Surang Baggett, Henry C. and Olsen, Sonja J. 2015. Streptococcus suisInfection in Hospitalized Patients, Nakhon Phanom Province, Thailand. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 21, Issue. 2, p. 345.
Crotty, Matthew P. Meyers, Shelby Hampton, Nicholas Bledsoe, Stephanie Ritchie, David J. Buller, Richard S. Storch, Gregory A. Micek, Scott T. and Kollef, Marin H. 2015. Epidemiology, Co-Infections, and Outcomes of Viral Pneumonia in Adults. Medicine, Vol. 94, Issue. 50, p. e2332.
Crotty, Matthew P. Meyers, Shelby Hampton, Nicholas Bledsoe, Stephanie Ritchie, David J. Buller, Richard S. Storch, Gregory A. Kollef, Marin H. and Micek, Scott T. 2015. Impact of antibacterials on subsequent resistance and clinical outcomes in adult patients with viral pneumonia: an opportunity for stewardship. Critical Care, Vol. 19, Issue. 1,
le Roux, David M Myer, Landon Nicol, Mark P and Zar, Heather J 2015. Incidence of childhood pneumonia: facility-based surveillance estimate compared to measured incidence in a South African birth cohort study. BMJ Open, Vol. 5, Issue. 12, p. e009111.
Liu, Ti Li, Zhong Zhang, Shengyang Song, Shaoxia Julong, Wu Lin, Yi Guo, Nongjian Xing, Chunyan Xu, Aiqiang Bi, Zhenqiang and Wang, Xianjun 2015. Viral Etiology of acute respiratory tract infections in hospitalized children and adults in Shandong Province, China. Virology Journal, Vol. 12, Issue. 1,
Goyet, Sophie Vlieghe, Erika Kumar, Varun Newell, Steven Moore, Catrin E. Bousfield, Rachel Leang, Heng C. Chuop, Sokheng Thong, Phe Rammaert, Blandine Hem, Sopheak van Griensven, Johan Rachmat, Agus Fassier, Thomas Lim, Kruy Tarantola, Arnaud and Manganelli, Riccardo 2014. Etiologies and Resistance Profiles of Bacterial Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Cambodian and Neighboring Countries’ Health Care Settings: A Systematic Review (1995 to 2012). PLoS ONE, Vol. 9, Issue. 3, p. e89637.
Peto, Leon Nadjm, Behzad Horby, Peter Ngan, Ta Thi Dieu van Doorn, Rogier Kinh, Nguyen Van and Wertheim, Heiman F. L. 2014. The bacterial aetiology of adult community-acquired pneumonia in Asia: a systematic review. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 108, Issue. 6, p. 326.
Lanaspa, Miguel Annamalay, Alicia A LeSouëf, Peter and Bassat, Quique 2014. Epidemiology, etiology, x-ray features, importance of co-infections and clinical features of viral pneumonia in developing countries. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy, Vol. 12, Issue. 1, p. 31.
Auksornkitti, Vichtavat Kamprasert, Nichaphat Thongkomplew, Siwanat Suwannakarn, Kamol Theamboonlers, Apiradee Samransamruajkij, Rujipat and Poovorawan, Yong 2014. Molecular characterization of human respiratory syncytial virus, 2010-2011: identification of genotype ON1 and a new subgroup B genotype in Thailand. Archives of Virology, Vol. 159, Issue. 3, p. 499.
McCullers, Jonathan A. 2014. The co-pathogenesis of influenza viruses with bacteria in the lung. Nature Reviews Microbiology, Vol. 12, Issue. 4, p. 252.
Hasan, Reem Rhodes, Julia Thamthitiwat, Somsak Olsen, Sonja J. Prapasiri, Prabda Naorat, Sathapana Chittaganpitch, Malinee Henchaichon, Sununta Dejsirilert, Surang Srisaengchai, Prasong Sawatwong, Pongpun Jorakate, Possawat Kaewpwan, Anek Fry, Alicia M. Erdman, Dean Chuananon, Somchai Amornintapichet, Tussanee Maloney, Susan A. and Baggett, Henry C. 2014. Incidence and Etiology of Acute Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Hospitalized Children Younger Than 5 Years in Rural Thailand. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Vol. 33, Issue. 2, p. e45.
Takahashi, Kensuke Suzuki, Motoi Minh, Le Nhat Anh, Nguyen Hien Huong, Luu Thi Minh Son, Tran Vo Vinh Long, Phan The Ai, Nguyen Thi Thuy Tho, Le Huu Morimoto, Konosuke Kilgore, Paul E Anh, Dang Duc Ariyoshi, Koya and Yoshida, Lay Myint 2013. The incidence and aetiology of hospitalised community-acquired pneumonia among Vietnamese adults: a prospective surveillance in Central Vietnam. BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol. 13, Issue. 1,
Feikin, Daniel R. Njenga, M. Kariuki Bigogo, Godfrey Aura, Barrack Aol, George Audi, Allan Jagero, Geoffrey Muluare, Peter O. Gikunju, Stella Nderitu, Leonard Winchell, Jonas M. Schneider, Eileen Erdman, Dean D. Oberste, M. Steven Katz, Mark A. and Breiman, Robert F. 2013. Viral and Bacterial Causes of Severe Acute Respiratory Illness Among Children Aged Less Than 5 Years in a High Malaria Prevalence Area of Western Kenya, 2007–2010. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. e14.
Although pneumonia is a leading cause of death from infectious disease worldwide, comprehensive information about its causes and incidence in low- and middle-income countries is lacking. Active surveillance of hospitalized patients with pneumonia is ongoing in Thailand. Consenting patients are tested for seven bacterial and 14 viral respiratory pathogens by PCR and viral culture on nasopharyngeal swab specimens, serology on acute/convalescent sera, sputum smears and antigen detection tests on urine. Between September 2003 and December 2005, there were 1730 episodes of radiographically confirmed pneumonia (34·6% in children aged <5 years); 66 patients (3·8%) died. A recognized pathogen was identified in 42·5% of episodes. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection was associated with 16·7% of all pneumonias, 41·2% in children. The viral pathogen with the highest incidence in children aged <5 years was RSV (417·1/100 000 per year) and in persons aged ⩾50 years, influenza virus A (38·8/100 000 per year). These data can help guide health policy towards effective prevention strategies.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.