Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 13
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Chalada, Melissa Judith Stenos, John and Bradbury, Richard Stewart 2016. Is there a Lyme-like disease in Australia? Summary of the findings to date. One Health, Vol. 2, p. 42.


    Burgin, Shelley Mattila, Mariama McPhee, Daryl and Hundloe, Tor 2015. Feral Deer in the Suburbs: An Emerging Issue for Australia?. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 65.


    Gofton, Alexander Oskam, Charlotte Lo, Nathan Beninati, Tiziana Wei, Heng McCarl, Victoria Murray, Dáithí Paparini, Andrea Greay, Telleasha Holmes, Andrew Bunce, Michael Ryan, Una and Irwin, Peter 2015. Inhibition of the endosymbiont “Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii” during 16S rRNA gene profiling reveals potential pathogens in Ixodes ticks from Australia. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 345.


    Mayne, P. Song, S. Shao, R. Burke, J. Wang, Y. and Roberts, T. 2014. Evidence for Ixodes holocyclus (Acarina: Ixodidae) as a Vector for Human Lyme Borreliosis Infection in Australia. Journal of Insect Science, Vol. 14, Issue. 1, p. 271.


    Franke, Jan Hildebrandt, Anke and Dorn, Wolfram 2013. Exploring gaps in our knowledge on Lyme borreliosis spirochaetes – Updates on complex heterogeneity, ecology, and pathogenicity. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, Vol. 4, Issue. 1-2, p. 11.


    Lloyd, Andrew R 2013. Fatigue after infection: aetiology and pathophysiology. Microbiology Australia, Vol. 34, Issue. 3, p. 142.


    Baxter, CG Vogelnest, LJ and Doggett, SL 2009. Dermatoses caused by infestations of immatureIxodesspp. on dogs and cats in Sydney, Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, Vol. 87, Issue. 5, p. 182.


    Traub, Stephen J. and Cummins, Gregory A. 2007. Wilderness Medicine.


    Chen, Daniel Litu Chong, Alvin H. Green, Jack Orchard, David Williams, Richard and Clemens, Laurence 2006. A novel case of polyfibromatosis and interstitial granulomatous dermatitis with arthritis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 55, Issue. 2, p. S32.


    Storer, Emma Sheridan, Adam T Warren, Lachlan and Wayte, Jeffrey 2003. Ticks in Australia. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 44, Issue. 2, p. 83.


    Heidrich, Jana Schönberg, Arno Steuber, Stephan Nöckler, Karsten Schulze, Peter Voigt, Wolf-Peter and Schein, Eberhard 1999. Investigation of skin samples from Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Eastern Brandenburg (Germany) for the detection of Borrelia burgdorferi s. l.. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Vol. 289, Issue. 5-7, p. 666.


    Gueglio, B. Poinsignon, Y. Berthelot, J.M. and Marjolet, M. 1996. Borréliose de Lyme : spécificité du Western blot (expérience nantaise). Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 332.


    Bennett, Clive E. 1995. Advances in Parasitology Volume 36.


    ×

Lyme disease: a search for a causative agent in ticks in south–eastern Australia

  • R. C. Russell (a1), S. L. Doggett (a1), R. Munro (a2), J. Ellis (a3), D. Avery (a1), C. Hunt (a4) and D. Dickeson (a5)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268800057782
  • Published online: 01 May 2009
Abstract
SUMMARY

Attempts were made to identify the causative organism of Lyme disease in Australia from possible tick vectors.

Ticks were collected in coastal areas of New South Wales, Australia, from localities associated with putative human infections. The ticks were dissected; a portion of the gut contents was examined for spirochaetes by microscopy, the remaining portion inoculated into culture media. The detection of spirochaetes in culture was performed using microscopy, and immunochemical and molecular (PCR) techniques. Additionally, whole ticks were tested with PCR for spirochaetes.

From 1990 to 1992, approximately 12000 ticks were processed for spirochaetes. No evidence of Borrelia burgdorferi or any other spirochaete was recovered from or detected in likely tick vectors. Some spirochaete–like objects detected in the cultures were shown to be artifacts, probably aggregates of bacterial flagellae.

There is no definitive evidence for the existence in Australia of B. burgdorferi the causative agent of true Lyme disease, or for any other tick–borne spirochaete that may be responsible for a local syndrome being reported as Lyme disease.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

JH Oliver , MR Owsley , HJ Hutcheson , Conspecificity of the ticks Ixodes scapularis and I. dammini (Acari: Ixodidae). J Med Entomol 1993; 30: 5463.

DW Rahn , SE Malawista . Lyme disease: recommendations for diagnosis and treatment. Ann Intern Med 1991; 114: 472–81.

LH Sigal , AS Curran . Lyme disease: a multifocal worldwide epidemic. Annu Rev Publ Health 1991; 12: 85109.

DH Persing , SR Telford III, PN Rys , Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi DNA in museum specimens of Ixodes dammini ticks. Science 1990; 249: 1420–3.

U Edwards , T Rogall , H Blocker , M Emde , EC Bottger . Isolation and direct complete nucleotide determination of entire genes. Characterisation of a gene coding for 16S ribosomal RNA. Nucleic Acids Res 1989; 17: 7843–53.

J Piesman , BF Stone . Vector competence of the Australian paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus, for the Lyme disease spirochaete Borrelia burgdorferi. Int J Parasitol 1991; 21: 109–11.

MJ Mackerras . The haematozoa of Australian mammals. Aust J Zool 1959; 7: 105–35.

D Berg , KG Abson , NS Prose . The laboratory diagnosis of Lyme disease. Arch Dermatol 1991; 127: 866–70.

EC Guy , RG Farquhar . Borrelia burgdorferi in urban parks. Lancet 1991; 338: 253.

MM Huycke , DD D'Alessio , JJ Marx . Prevalence of antibody to Borrelia burgdorferi by indirect fluorescent antibody assay, ELISA, and western immunoblot in healthy adults in Wisconsin and Arizona. J Infect Dis 1992; 165: 1133–7.

H Kuiper , BM de Jongh , AP Nauta , Lyme disease in Dutch forestry workers. J Infect 1991; 23: 279–86.

AG Barbour , D Fish . The biological and social phenomenon of Lyme disease. Science 1993; 260: 1610–16.

A Krause , GR Burmester , A Rensing , Cellular immune reactivity to recombinant OspA and flagellin from Borrelia burgdorferi in patients with Lyme disease. Complexity of humoral and cellular responses. J Clin Invest 1992; 90: 1077–84.

G Zumstein , R Fuchs , A Hofman , V Preac-Mursic , E Soulschek , B Wilske . Genetic polymorphism of the gene encoding the outer surface protein A (OspA) of Borrelia burgdorferi. Med Microbiol Immunol 1992; 181: 5770.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×