Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 27
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Doyle, Marjorie E. 2015. Multidrug-Resistant Pathogens in the Food Supply. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 12, Issue. 4, p. 261.

    Gaulin, Colette Ramsay, Danielle Catford, Angela and Bekal, Sadjia 2015. Escherichia coliO157:H7 Outbreak Associated with the Consumption of Beef and Veal Tartares in the Province of Quebec, Canada, in 2013. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 12, Issue. 7, p. 612.

    Lienemann, Taru Kyyhkynen, Aino Halkilahti, Jani Haukka, Kaisa and Siitonen, Anja 2015. Characterization of Salmonella Typhimurium isolates from domestically acquired infections in Finland by phage typing, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, PFGE and MLVA. BMC Microbiology, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,

    Lund, Barbara 2015. Microbiological Food Safety for Vulnerable People. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 12, Issue. 8, p. 10117.

    Masana, Marcelo Oscar Barrio, Yanina Ximena Palladino, Pablo Martín Sancho, Ana Maria and Vaudagna, Sergio Ramón 2015. High pressure treatments combined with sodium lactate to inactivate Escherichia coli O157:H7 and spoilage microbiota in cured beef carpaccio. Food Microbiology, Vol. 46, p. 610.

    Ahmed, Ashraf M. Shimamoto, Toshi and Shimamoto, Tadashi 2014. Characterization of integrons and resistance genes in multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica isolated from meat and dairy products in Egypt. International Journal of Food Microbiology, Vol. 189, p. 39.

    Cummings, Kevin J. Rodriguez-Rivera, Lorraine D. Mitchell, Katharyn J. Hoelzer, Karin Wiedmann, Martin McDonough, Patrick L. Altier, Craig Warnick, Lorin D. and Perkins, Gillian A. 2014. Salmonella entericaSerovar Oranienburg Outbreak in a Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital with Evidence of Nosocomial and On-Farm Transmission. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Vol. 14, Issue. 7, p. 496.

    Lund, Barbara M. 2014. Microbiological Food Safety and a Low-Microbial Diet to Protect Vulnerable People. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 11, Issue. 6, p. 413.

    Tauxe, R.V. and Besser, J.M. 2014. Encyclopedia of Food Safety.

    Xu, Changmou Yagiz, Yavuz Hsu, Wei-Yea Simonne, Amarat Lu, Jiang and Marshall, Maurice R. 2014. Antioxidant, Antibacterial, and Antibiofilm Properties of Polyphenols from Muscadine Grape (Vitis rotundifoliaMichx.) Pomace against Selected Foodborne Pathogens. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 62, Issue. 28, p. 6640.

    KUHN, K. G. SØRENSEN, G. TORPDAHL, M. KJELDSEN, M. K. JENSEN, T. GUBBELS, S. BJERAGER, G. O. WINGSTRAND, A. PORSBO, L. J. and ETHELBERG, S. 2013. A long-lasting outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium U323 associated with several pork products, Denmark, 2010. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 141, Issue. 02, p. 260.

    Larsson, J Torpdahl, M MLVA working group, C and Møller Nielsen, E 2013. Proof-of-concept study for successful inter-laboratory comparison of MLVA results. Eurosurveillance, Vol. 18, Issue. 35, p. 20566.

    de Alba, María Bravo, Daniel and Medina, Margarita 2012. High pressure treatments on the inactivation of Salmonella Enteritidis and the characteristics of beef carpaccio. Meat Science, Vol. 92, Issue. 4, p. 823.

    Van Boxstael, S. Dierick, K. Van Huffel, X. Uyttendaele, M. Berkvens, D. Herman, L. Bertrand, S. Wildemauwe, C. Catry, B. Butaye, P. and Imberechts, H. 2012. Comparison of antimicrobial resistance patterns and phage types of Salmonella Typhimurium isolated from pigs, pork and humans in Belgium between 2001 and 2006. Food Research International, Vol. 45, Issue. 2, p. 913.

    Adley, C.C. and Dillon, C. 2011. Processed Meats.

    Bolton, Declan J. Kelly, Shane Lenahan, Mary and Fanning, Seamus 2011. In VitroStudies on the Effect of pH and Volatile Fatty Acid Concentration, as Influenced by Diet, on the Survival of Inoculated Nonacid- and Acid-AdaptedSalmonellain Bovine Rumen Fluid and Feces. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 8, Issue. 5, p. 609.

    DYET, K. H. TURBITT, E. and CARTER, P. E. 2011. Multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis for discriminating within Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium definitive types and investigation of outbreaks. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 139, Issue. 07, p. 1050.

    Lin, S. M. Molan, P. C. and Cursons, R. T. 2011. The controlled in vitro susceptibility of gastrointestinal pathogens to the antibacterial effect of manuka honey. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, Vol. 30, Issue. 4, p. 569.

    NICOLAY, N. THORNTON, L. COTTER, S. GARVEY, P. BANNON, O. McKEOWN, P. CORMICAN, M. FISHER, I. LITTLE, C. BOXALL, N. DE PINNA, E. PETERS, T. M. COWDEN, J. SALMON, R. MASON, B. IRVINE, N. ROONEY, P. and O'FLANAGAN, D. 2011. Salmonella enterica serovar Agona European outbreak associated with a food company. Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 139, Issue. 08, p. 1272.

    Petersen, Randi Føns Litrup, Eva Larsson, Jonas T. Torpdahl, Mia Sørensen, Gitte Müller, Luise and Nielsen, Eva M. 2011. Molecular Characterization ofSalmonellaTyphimurium Highly Successful Outbreak Strains. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Vol. 8, Issue. 6, p. 655.


Outbreak with multi-resistant Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 linked to carpaccio, Denmark, 2005

  • S. ETHELBERG (a1) (a2), G. SØRENSEN (a3), B. KRISTENSEN (a4), K. CHRISTENSEN (a5), L. KRUSELL (a5), A. HEMPEL-JØRGENSEN (a6), A. PERGE (a7) and E. M. NIELSEN (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2007

We report an outbreak with Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 resistant to six different antibiotic classes. The outbreak occurred in Denmark in July/August 2005 and was traced to a single restaurant. In addition to patient interviews, an important tool in the investigation of this outbreak was comparison by multi-locus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) typing of patient strains with strains from the food surveillance system. This showed that the source of the outbreak was imported beef served as carpaccio. Carpaccio, thinly sliced raw fillet of beef, has not previously been associated with outbreaks, but should be considered a high-risk food item. This outbreak was one of two in different European Union (EU) countries traced back to beef from one company in a third EU country. This underscores the importance of efficient international Salmonella surveillance and food-safety control systems enabling timely interventions within the EU.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr S. Ethelberg, Department of Bacteriology, Mycology and Parasitology, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300Copenhagen S., Denmark. (Email:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

3. HC Wegener , Salmonella control programmes in Denmark. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2003; 9: 774780.

10. BA Lindstedt , Multiple-locus variable-number tandem-repeats analysis of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium using PCR multiplexing and multicolor capillary electrophoresis. Journal of Microbiology Methods 2004; 59: 163172.

18. M Torpdahl , Tandem repeat analysis for surveillance of human Salmonella Typhimurium infections. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2007; 13 (in press) (

25. P Gerner-Smidt , PulseNet USA: a five-year update. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 2006; 3: 919.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *