Hostname: page-component-7d684dbfc8-tvhzr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-09-22T08:17:26.261Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForArticlePurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForBookPurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForElementPurchase": false, "coreUseNewShare": true, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

A point source outbreak of campylobacter infection related to bird-pecked milk

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 October 2009

T. Riordan
Public Health Laboratory, Church Lane, Exeter EX2 5AD
T. J. Humphrey
The Food Unit, Public Health Laboratory, Church Lane, Exeter EX2 5AD
A. Fowles
Department of Control of Infection, Royal Devon & Exeter Hospital (Wonford), Barrack Road, Exeter EX2 5DW
Rights & Permissions [Opens in a new window]


Core share and HTML view are not possible as this article does not have html content. However, as you have access to this content, a full PDF is available via the ‘Save PDF’ action button.

A point source outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni affected 11 children in a day nursery. Milk consumed by the children was known to have been pecked by magpies on occasions. Illness was significantly associated with consumption of milk on a single morning. Examination of milk from a bottle pecked after the outbreak yielded campylobacters. The level of contamination was approximately six cells of C. jejuni per 500 ml of milk.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1993



1.Shane, SM.The significance of Campylobacter jejuni infection in poultry: a review. Avian Pathol 1902; 189213.Google Scholar
2.Robinson, DA, Jones, DM.Milk-borne campylobacters infection. BMJ 1981: 282: 1374–6.Google ScholarPubMed
3.Kornblatt, AN, Barrett, T, Morris, GK, Tosh, FE.Epidemiologie and laboratory investigation of an outbreak of campylobacter enteritis associated with raw milk. Am J Epidemiol 1985: 122: 884–9.Google Scholar
4.Palmer, SR, Gully, PR, White, JM. et al. Water-borne outbreak of campylobacter gastroenteritis. Lancet 1983: i: 287–90.Google Scholar
5.Report of the Committee on the Microbiological Safety of Food. The microbiological Safety of Food, Part 1, London: HMSO, 1990.Google Scholar
6.Humphrey, TJ, Hart, RJC.Campylobacter and salmonella contamination of unpasteurized cows' milk on sale to the public. J Appl Baeteriol 1988: 65: 463–7.Google Scholar
7.Humphrey, TJ, Beckett, P.Campylobacter jejuni in dairy cows and raw milk. Epidemiol Infect 1987; 98: 203–9.Google ScholarPubMed
8.Barrett, NJ.Communicable disease associated with milk and dairy products in England and Wales. J Infect 1986: 12: 265–72.Google ScholarPubMed
9.Hudson, SJ, Sobo, AO, Russell, K, Lightfoot, NF.Jackdaws as a potential source of milkborne Campylobacter jejuni infection. Lancet 1990: 335: 1160.Google Scholar
10.Southern, JP, Smith, RMM, Palmer, SR.Bird attack on milk bottles: possible mode of transmission to man. Lancet 1990: 336: 1425–7.Google Scholar
11.Hudson, SJ, Lightfoot, NF, Coulson, JC et al. Jackdaws and magpies as vectors of milkborne human campylobacter infection. Epidemiol Infect 1991: 107: 363–72.Google ScholarPubMed
12.Humphrey, TJ.Techniques for the optimum recovery of cold injured Campylobacter jejuni from milk or water. J Appl Bacteriol 1986: 61: 125–32.Google ScholarPubMed