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    Fleming, L.E. Broad, K. Clement, A. Dewailly, E. Elmir, S. Knap, A. Pomponi, S.A. Smith, S. Solo Gabriele, H. and Walsh, P. 2006. Oceans and human health: Emerging public health risks in the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 53, Issue. 10-12, p. 545.


    ., Mahbuba Rahman ., Rahman Md. Mizanur ., Sirajul Islam Khan ., Mohammad Rubayet Hassan and ., Mohammad Sirajul Islam 2003. Influence of Temperature on The Chemotaxis of Vibrio cholerae 0139 Towards Anabaena sp.. Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 3, Issue. 2, p. 237.


    Huffman, Debra E. Quinter-Betancourt, Walter and Rose, Joan 2003. Handbook of Water and Wastewater Microbiology.


    Mizanur, Rahman md. Islam, Mohammad Sirajul Khan, Sirajul Islam and Rahim, Zeaur 2002. The Chemotactic Response of Vibrio cholerae 0139 to The Mucilaginous Sheath of Blue-Green Algae Is Mediated by a Combination of Sheath Components. Microbes and Environments, Vol. 17, Issue. 1, p. 18.


    ., Rahman Md. Mizanur ., Sirajul Islam Khan ., Mohammad Sirajul Islam ., Ishrat Sultana ., Zeaur Rahim and ., M. J. Albert 2001. Role of Chemotaxis in the Attachment of Vibrio cholerae 0139 with Different Aquatic Flora and Fauna. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 4, Issue. 11, p. 1395.


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Resurgence of cholera in Hong Kong

  • S. H. Lee (a1), S. T. Lai (a2), J. Y. Lai (a2) and N. K. Leung (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268800001114
  • Published online: 01 May 2009
Abstract
Summary

Cholera is one of the three diseases subject to the International Health Regulations. After a period of over 30 years, the seventh pandemic of cholera, which started in South East Asia in 1961, still shows no sign of a decline. On the contrary, it has increased its severity and invaded many other countries in Africa and Latin America. In the last two years, there has been a recrudescence of the disease in South East Asia and Western Pacific Regions. The discovery of a new strain of Vibrio cholerae 0139 in these regions is causing concern in view of its potential to cause major epidemics and higher mortality. Hong Kong had two intensive outbreaks of cholera in the last two years. The cause of these outbreaks was not clear, but adverse environmental conditions and increasing pollution of coastal waters have been implicated. The spread of cholera knows no geographical boundaries. There is a need for intensified efforts among health authorities in the affected areas to prevent the international spread of the disease.

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12.KT Goh , S Lam , S Kumarapathy , JL Tan . A common source food borne outbreak of cholera in Singapore. Int J Epidemiol 1984; 13: 210–5.

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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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