Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Role of environmental poliovirus surveillance in global polio eradication and beyond

  • T. HOVI (a1), L. M. SHULMAN (a2), H. VAN DER AVOORT (a3), J. DESHPANDE (a4), M. ROIVAINEN (a1) and E. M. DE GOURVILLE (a5)...
Summary
SUMMARY

Environmental poliovirus surveillance (ENV) means monitoring of poliovirus (PV) transmission in human populations by examining environmental specimens supposedly contaminated by human faeces. The rationale is based on the fact that PV-infected individuals, whether presenting with disease symptoms or not, shed large amounts of PV in the faeces for several weeks. As the morbidity:infection ratio of PV infection is very low, this fact contributes to the sensitivity of ENV which under optimal conditions can be better than that of the standard acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance. The World Health Organization has included ENV in the new Strategic Plan of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative for years 2010–2012 to be increasingly used in PV surveillance, supplementing AFP surveillance. In this paper we review the feasibility of using ENV to monitor wild PV and vaccine-derived PV circulation in human populations, based on global experiences in defined epidemiological situations.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Professor T. Hovi, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Mannerheimintie 166, PO Box 30, Helsinki 00271, Finland. (Email: tapani.hovi@thl.fi)
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 8
Total number of PDF views: 75 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 409 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.