Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Parkar, Shanthi Flint, Steve Teh, Koon Hoong Brooks, John and Bremer, Phil 2015. Biofilms in the Dairy Industry.

    2013. The European Union Summary Report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2011. EFSA Journal, Vol. 11, Issue. 5, p. 3196.

    van de Venter, E Oliver, I and Stuart, J 2015. Timeliness of epidemiological outbreak investigations in peer-reviewed European publications, January 2003 to August 2013. Eurosurveillance, Vol. 20, Issue. 6, p. 21035.

    McCusker, M. P. Hokamp, K. Buckley, J. F. Wall, P. G. Martins, M. and Fanning, S. 2014. Complete Genome Sequence of Salmonella enterica Serovar Agona Pulsed-Field Type SAGOXB.0066, Cause of a 2008 Pan-European Outbreak. Genome Announcements, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. e01219-13.

    Zhang, J. Cao, G. Xu, X. Jin, H. Yang, X. Allard, M. Brown, E. and Meng, J. 2013. Draft Genome Sequences of Three Salmonella enterica Serotype Agona Strains from China. Genome Announcements, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. e00203-12.


Salmonella enterica serovar Agona European outbreak associated with a food company

  • N. NICOLAY (a1) (a2), L. THORNTON (a2), S. COTTER (a2), P. GARVEY (a2), O. BANNON (a2), P. McKEOWN (a2), M. CORMICAN (a3), I. FISHER (a4), C. LITTLE (a4), N. BOXALL (a4), E. DE PINNA (a4), T. M. PETERS (a4), J. COWDEN (a5), R. SALMON (a6), B. MASON (a6), N. IRVINE (a7), P. ROONEY (a8) and D. O'FLANAGAN (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 18 October 2010

We investigated an international outbreak of Salmonella Agona with a distinct PFGE pattern associated with an Irish Food company (company X) producing pre-cooked meat products sold in various food outlet chains in Europe. The outbreak was first detected in Ireland. We undertook national and international case-finding, food traceback and microbiological investigation of human, food and environmental samples. We undertook a matched case-control study on Irish cases. In total, 163 cases in seven European countries were laboratory-confirmed. Consumption of food from food outlet chains supplied by company X was significantly associated with being a confirmed case (mOR 18·3, 95% CI 2·2–149·2) in the case-control study. The outbreak strain was isolated from the company's pre-cooked meat products and production premises. Sufficient evidence was gathered to infer the vehicles of infection and sources of the outbreak and to justify the control measures taken, which were plant closure and food recall.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr N. Nicolay, Health Protection Surveillance Centre, 25-27 Middle Gardiner Street, Dublin 1, Ireland. (Email:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

3.D O'Flanagan , A multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Agona, February–August 2008. Eurosurveillance2008; 13: pii=18956.

4.Safefood. Food Safety Promotion Board. Acute gastroenteritis in Ireland, North and South: a survey of general practitionners. Research report, 2002 ( Accessed 26 February 2010.

8.C Brouard , Two consecutive large outbreaks of Salmonella enterica serotype Agona infections in infants linked to the consumption of powdered infant formula. Pediatric Infectious Diseases Journal 2007; 26: 148152.

10.D Killalea , International epidemiological and microbiological study of outbreak of Salmonella agona infection from a ready to eat savoury snack – I: England and Wales and the United States. British Medical Journal 1996; 313: 11051107.

11.J Koch , Salmonella Agona outbreak from contaminated aniseed, Germany. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2005; 11: 11241127.

12.T Shohat , International epidemiological and microbiological study of outbreak of Salmonella Agona infection from a ready to eat savoury snack – II: Israel. British Medical Journal 1996; 313: 11071109.

17.I Friesema , An international outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 infection due to lettuce, September–October 2007. Eurosurveillance 2008; 13: pii=19065.

18.I Gillespie , R Elson . Successful reduction of human Salmonella Enteritidis infection in England and Wales. Eurosurveillance 2005; 10: E051117.

20.RJ Webby , Internationally distributed frozen oyster meat causing multiple outbreaks of norovirus infection in Australia. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 44: 10261031.

24.TJ Barrett , P Gerner-Smidt , B Swaminathan . Interpretation of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns in foodborne disease investigations and surveillance. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 2006; 3: 2031.

25.B Swaminathan , Building PulseNet International: an interconnected system of laboratory networks to facilitate timely public health recognition and response to foodborne disease outbreaks and emerging foodborne diseases. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 2006; 3: 3650.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *