Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Using syndromic surveillance systems to detect pneumonic plague

  • S. M. BABIN (a1)
Summary

Because syndromic surveillance systems use pre-diagnostic data for early detection of disease outbreaks, it is important to know how the earliest signs and symptoms of a disease might appear in these systems. The available medical literature describing the sequence of signs and symptoms of pneumonic plague reveals that, during the earliest stages, patients will most likely present with certain gastrointestinal and minimal, if any, respiratory signs. Without this knowledge, early evidence of pneumonic plague in syndromic surveillance systems may be missed until the respiratory signs become prevalent. Because plague is a zoonotic disease, new syndromic surveillance systems that use animal data from park rangers and veterinarians may provide useful evidence. This paper shows how a review of both human and animal literature can be used to design queries for syndromic surveillance systems.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Using syndromic surveillance systems to detect pneumonic plague
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Using syndromic surveillance systems to detect pneumonic plague
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Using syndromic surveillance systems to detect pneumonic plague
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr S. M. Babin, Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723 USA. (Email: steven.babin@jhuapl.edu)
References
Hide All
1.WHO. Health Aspects of Chemical and Biological Weapons. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1970, pp. 98109.
2.Stenseth, NC, et al. Plague: past, present, and future. PLoS Medicine 2008; 5: e3. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0050003.
3.Lombardo, JS, et al. A systems overview of the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE II). Journal of Urban Health 2003; 80 (Suppl. 1): i32i42.
4.Guasticchi, G, et al. Syndromic surveillance: sensitivity and positive predictive value of the case definitions. Epidemiology and Infection 2008. Published online: 21 October 2008; doi:10.1017/S0950268808001374.
5.Van der Hoeven, AM, et al. Lack of discriminating signs and symptoms in clinical diagnosis of influenza of patients admitted to hospital. Infection 2007; 35: 6568.
6.Babcock, HM, et al. Case-control study of clinical features of influenza in hospitalized patients. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 2008; 29: 921926.
7.Hashemian, M, et al. Advanced querying features for disease surveillance systems. Sixth Annual International Society for Disease Surveillance Conference, Indianapolis, IN, 11–12 October 2007.
8.Buckeridge, DL, et al. Knowledge-based bioterrorism surveillance. American Medical Informatics Association Symposium Proceedings, San Antonio, TX, USA, 12 October 2002, pp. 7680.
9.Mnatsakanyan, ZR, et al. Electronic medical record (EMR) utilization for public health surveillance. American Medical Informatics Association Symposium Proceedings, Washington, DC, USA, 11 November 2008; 6: 480484.
10.Babin, S, et al. A simple method of using linked health data in syndromic surveillance. Sixth Annual International Society for Disease Surveillance Conference, Indianapolis, IN, 11–12 October 2007.
11.Babin, S, et al. Syndromic animal surveillance in the Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE). Paper presented at the National Multi-Hazard Symposium: ‘One Medicine’ Approach to Homeland Security, 11–23 December 2003. Research Triangle Park, NC.
12.Maciejewski, R, et al. LAHVA: linked animal-human health visual analytics. Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on Visual Analytics Science and Technology; 30 October 2007. Sacramento, California.
13.McGovern, TW, Friedlander, AM. Plague. In: Sidell, FR, Takafuji, ET, Franz, DR, eds. Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare, Washington, DC, USA: Office of the Surgeon General, 1997, pp. 479502.
14.Johnson, JE. Yersinia (Pasteurella) infections including plague. In: Thorn, GW, Adams, RD, Braunwald, E, Isselbacher, KJ, Petersdorf, RG, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1977, pp. 860865.
15.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Human plague – United States, 1993–1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1994; 43: 242246.
16.Stenseth, NC, et al. Plague dynamics are driven by climate variation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 2006; 103: 13 11013 115.
17.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiological reports and notes winter plague – Colorado, Washington, Texas, 1983–1984. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1984; 33: 145148.
18.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Human Plague – India, 1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1994; 43: 889.
19.John, TJ. Learning from the plague in India. Lancet. 1994; 344: 972.
20.Speck, RS, Wolochow, H. Studies on the experimental epidemiology of respiratory infections: experimental pneumonic plague in Macacus rhesus. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1957; 100: 5869.
21.Meyer, KF. Pneumonic plague. Bacteriological Reviews 1961; 25: 249261.
22.Martini, E. Concerning pneumonic plague of rats [in German]. Zeitschrift fur Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten 1901; 38: 332342.
23.Martini, E. Effects of plague serum upon experimental plague pneumonia in rats, mice, cats, guinea pigs, and rabbits [in German]. Klinisches Jahrbuch 1902; 10: 137176.
24.Strong, RP, Crowell, BC, Teague, O. Studies on pneumonic plague and plague immunization. VII. Pathology. Philippine Journal of Science, Section B. Philippine Journal of Tropical Medicine 1912; 7: 203221.
25.Watson, RP, et al. Histopathology of experimental plague in cats. Veterinary Pathology 2001; 38: 165172.
26.Werner, SB, et al. Primary plague pneumonia contracted from a domestic cat at South Lake Tahoe, California. Journal of the American Medical Association 1984; 251: 929931.
27.Eidson, ML, et al. Feline plague in New Mexico: risk factors and transmission to humans. American Journal of Public Health. 1988; 78: 13331335.
28.Eitzen, E, et al. (eds). Medical Management of Biological Casualties Handbook, 3rd edn. Fort Detrick, Frederick, MD: US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1998.
29.Radostits, OM, Blood, DC, Gay, CC (eds). Veterinary Medicine: A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Sheep, Pigs, Goats and Horses, 8th edn. London: Bailliere Tindall, 1994.
30.Franz, DR, et al. Clinical recognition and management of patients exposed to biological warfare agents. Journal of the American Medical Association 1997; 278: 399411.
31.Wu, L.-T. A Treatise on Pneumonic Plague. Geneva, Switzerland: League of Nations Organization, 1926, 466 pp.
32.Chernin, E. Richard Pearson Strong and the Manchurian epidemic of pneumonic plague, 1910–1911. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 1989; 44: 296319.
33.Kohn, GC (ed.). Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence. Facts on File: New York, 1995, pp. 192193.
34.Viseltear, AJ. The pneumonic plague epidemic of 1924 in Los Angeles. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 1974; 1: 4054.
35.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pneumonic plague – Arizona, 1992. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1992; 41: 737739.
36.Alsofrom, DJ, Mettler, FA Jr., Mann, JM. Radiographic manifestations of plague in New Mexico, 1975–1980. A review of 42 proved cases. Radiology, 1981; 139: 561565.
37.Inglesby, TV, et al. Plague as a biological weapon: medical and public health management. Journal of the American Medical Association 2000; 283: 22812290.
38.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fatal human plague – Arizona and Colorado, 1996. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1997; 46: 617620.
39.Chain, PSG, et al. Insights into the evolution of Yersinia pestis through whole-genome comparison with Yersinia psuedotuberculosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 2004; 101: 13 82613 831.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed