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Digging deeper: population-level racial disparities, exposure to police victimisation and psychological trauma

  • C. T. Ross


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: C. T. Ross, Department of Human Behavior, Ecology and Culture, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany. (Email:


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DeVylder, JE, Oh, HY, Nam, B, Sharpe, TL, Lehmann, M, Link, BG (2016). Prevalence, demographic variation and psychological correlates of exposure to police victimisation in four US cities. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 112. doi:10.1017/S2045796016000810.
Fryer, RG Jr. (2016). An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force (Technical Report). National Bureau of Economic Research.
Lopez, G (2016). Police union threatens to stop protecting 49ers games over Colin Kaepernick. Vox. URL
Miller, TR, Lawrence, BA, Carlson, NN, Hendrie, D, Randall, S, Rockett, IRH, Spicer, RS (2017). Perils of police action: a cautionary tale from US data sets. Injury Prevention 23, 2732.
Ross, CT (2015). A multi-level Bayesian analysis of racial bias in police shootings at the county-level in the United States, 2011–2014. PLoS ONE 10, e0141854.
Ross, CT (2016). Identifying the drivers of the exceptionally high rates of lethal and racially biased violence by police in the United States requires geographically resolved data and analysis. Sociological Forum, 31(1).
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Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
  • ISSN: 2045-7960
  • EISSN: 2045-7979
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-psychiatric-sciences
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