Abayomi, O, Adelufosi, A and Olajide, A (2013) Changing attitude to mental illness among community mental health volunteers in south-western Nigeria. The International Journal of Social Psychiatry 59, 609–12.
Adewuya, AO and Makanjuola, RO (2008) Social distance towards people with mental illness in southwestern Nigeria. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 42, 389–95.
Alexander, CL, Arnkoff, DB, Glass, CR and Kaburu, AW (2013) Detecting depression in rural primary care clinics in central Kenya: impact of a brief training intervention. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation 2, 14–28.
Armstrong, G, Kermode, M, Raja, S, Suja, S, Chandra, P and Jorm, AF (2011) A mental health training program for community health workers in India: impact on knowledge and attitudes. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 5, 17.
Botega, N, Mann, A, Blizard, R and Wilkinson, G (1992) General practitioners and depression – first use of the depression attitude questionnaire. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 2, 169–180.
Botega, NJ, Reginato, DG, Silva, SVd, Cais, CFdS, Rapeli, CB, Mauro, MLF, Cecconi, JP and Stefanello, S (2005) Nursing personnel attitudes towards suicide: the development of a measure scale. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 27, 315–318.
Bradshaw, T, Mairs, H and Richards, D (2006) Developing mental health education for health volunteers in a township in South Africa. Primary Health Care Research & Development 7, 95–105.
Byrne, BM (2008) Testing for multigroup equivalence of a measuring instrument: a walk through the process. Psicothema 20, 872–82.
Chinnayya, HP, Chandrashekar, CR, Moily, S, Puttamma, , Raghuram, A, Subramanya, KR, Shanmugham, V and Udaykumar, GS (1990) Training primary care health workers in mental health care: evaluation of attitudes towards mental illness before and after training. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 36, 300–7.
Chowdhary, N, Jotheeswaran, AT, Nadkarni, A, Hollon, SD, King, M, Jordans, MJ, Rahman, A, Verdeli, H, Araya, R and Patel, V (2014) The methods and outcomes of cultural adaptations of psychological treatments for depressive disorders: a systematic review. Psychological Medicine 44, 1131–46.
Cui, G, Li, H and Yao, M (2015) A mental health training programme for Chinese rural general practitioners. Medical Education 49, 538–539.
da Silva Cais, CF, da Silveira, IU, Stefanello, S and Botega, NJ (2011) Suicide prevention training for professionals in the public health network in a large Brazilian city. Archives of Suicide Research 15, 384–9.
Evans-Lacko, S, Little, K, Meltzer, H, Rose, D, Rhydderch, D and Henderson, C (2010) Development and psychometric properties of the mental health knowledge schedule. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 55, 440–448.
Evans-Lacko, S, Rose, D, Little, K, Flach, C, Rhydderch, D and Henderson, C (2011) Development and psychometric properties of the Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale (RIBS): a stigma-related behaviour measure. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 20, 263–271.
Evans-Lacko, S, Courtin, E, Fiorillo, A, Knapp, M, Luciano, M, Park, AL, Brunn, M, Byford, S, Chevreul, K, Forsman, AK, Gulacsi, L, Haro, JM, Kennelly, B, Knappe, S, Lai, T, Lasalvia, A, Miret, M, O'Sullivan, C, Obradors-Tarrago, C, Rusch, N, Sartorius, N, Svab, V, van Weeghel, J, Van Audenhove, C, Wahlbeck, K, Zlati, A, McDaid, D and Thornicroft, G (2014) The state of the art in European research on reducing social exclusion and stigma related to mental health: a systematic mapping of the literature. European Psychiatry 29, 381–9.
Funk, M, Saraceno, B, Drew, N and Faydi, E (2008) Integrating mental health into primary healthcare. Mental health in family medicine 5, 5–8.
Harper Shehadeh, M, Heim, E, Chowdhary, N, Maercker, A and Albanese, E (2016) Cultural adaptation of minimally guided interventions for common mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JMIR Mental Health 3, e44.
Henderson, C, Noblett, J, Parke, H, Clement, S, Caffrey, A, Gale-Grant, O, Schulze, B, Druss, B and Thornicroft, G (2014) Mental health-related stigma in health care and mental health-care settings. The Lancet Psychiatry 1, 467–482.
Hofmann-Broussard, C, Armstrong, G, Boschen, MJ and Somasundaram, KV (2017) A mental health training program for community health workers in India: impact on recognition of mental disorders, stigmatizing attitudes and confidence. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 10, 62–74.
Jadhav, S, Littlewood, R, Ryder, AG, Chakraborty, A, Jain, S and Barua, M (2007) Stigmatization of severe mental illness in India: against the simple industrialization hypothesis. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 49, 189–194.
Kassam, A, Glozier, N, Leese, M, Henderson, C and Thornicroft, G (2010) Development and responsiveness of a scale to measure clinicians’ attitudes to people with mental illness (medical student version). Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 122, 153–61.
Kessler, RC, Angermeyer, M, Anthony, JC, De Graaf, RON, Demyttenaere, K, Gasquet, I, De Girolamo, G, Gluzman, S, Gureje, OYE, Haro, JM, Kawakami, N, Karam, A, Levinson, D, Medina Mora, ME, Oakley Browne, MA, Posada-Villa, J, Stein, DJ, Adley Tsang, CH, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Alonso, J, Lee, S, Heeringa, S, Pennell, B-E, Berglund, P, Gruber, MJ, Petukhova, M, Chatterji, S and Üstün, TB (2007) Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of mental disorders in the World Health Organization's world mental health survey initiative. World Psychiatry 6, 168–176.
Keynejad, RC, Dua, T, Barbui, C and Thornicroft, G (2018) WHO Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) intervention guide: a systematic review of evidence from low and middle-income countries. Evidence Based Mental Health 21, 30–34.
Kohrt, BA, Jordans, MJD, Turner, EL, Sikkema, KJ, Luitel, NP, Rai, S, Singla, DR, Lamichhane, J, Lund, C and Patel, V (2018) Reducing stigma among healthcare providers to improve mental health services (RESHAPE): protocol for a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial of a stigma reduction intervention for training primary healthcare workers in Nepal. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 4, 36.
Li, J, Li, J, Huang, YG and Thornicroft, G (2014 a) Mental health training program for community mental health staff in Guangzhou, China: effects on knowledge of mental illness and stigma. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 8, 49.
Li, J, Li, J, Thornicroft, G and Huang, YG (2014 b) Levels of stigma among community mental health staff in Guangzhou, China. BMC Psychiatry 14, 231.
Li, J, Li, J, Thornicroft, G, Yang, H, Chen, W and Huang, Y (2015) Training community mental health staff in Guangzhou, China: evaluation of the effect of a new training model. BMC Psychiatry 15, 263.
Liu, G, Jack, H, Piette, A, Mangezi, W, Machando, D, Rwafa, C, Goldenberg, M and Abas, M (2016) Mental health training for health workers in Africa: a systematic review. The Lancet Psychiatry 3, 65–76.
Makanjuola, V, Doku, V, Jenkins, R and Gureje, O (2012) Impact of a one-week intensive ‘training of trainers’ workshop for community health workers in south-west Nigeria. Mental Health in Family Medicine 9, 33–38.
Mansouri, N, Gharaee, B, Shariat, SV, Bolhari, J, Yousefi Nooraie, R, Rahimi-Movaghar, A and Alirezaie, N (2009) The change in attitude and knowledge of health care personnel and general population following trainings provided during integration of mental health in primary health care in Iran: a systematic review. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 3, 15.
Mehta, N, Clement, S, Marcus, E, Stona, AC, Bezborodovs, N, Evans-Lacko, S, Palacios, J, Docherty, M, Barley, E, Rose, D, Koschorke, M, Shidhaye, R, Henderson, C and Thornicroft, G (2015) Evidence for effective interventions to reduce mental health-related stigma and discrimination in the medium and long term: systematic review. British Journal of Psychiatry 207, 377–84.
Patel, V (2009) The future of psychiatry in low- and middle-income countries. Psychological Medicine 39, 1759–1762.
Sadik, S, Abdulrahman, S, Bradley, M and Jenkins, R (2011) Integrating mental health into primary health care in Iraq. Mental Health in Family Medicine 8, 39–49.
Saxena, S, Thornicrof, G, Knapp, M and Whiteford, H (2007) Global mental health 2: resources for mental health: scarcity, inequity, and inefficiency. Lancet 370, 878–889.
Semrau, M, Evans-Lacko, S, Koschorke, M, Ashenafi, L and Thornicroft, G (2015) Stigma and discrimination related to mental illness in low- and middle-income countries. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 24, 382–94.
Shirazi, M, Parikh, SV, Alaeddini, F, Lonka, K, Zeinaloo, AA, Sadeghi, M, Arbabi, M, Nejatisafa, AA, Shahrivar, Z and Wahlstrom, R (2009) Effects on knowledge and attitudes of using stages of change to train general practitioners on management of depression: a randomized controlled study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 54, 693–700.
Thornicroft, G (2006) Shunned: Discrimination Against People with Mental Illness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ucok, A, Soygur, H, Atakli, C, Kuscu, K, Sartorius, N, Duman, ZC, Polat, A and Erkoc, S (2006) The impact of antistigma education on the attitudes of general practitioners regarding schizophrenia. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 60, 439–43.
Vesel, L, Waller, K, Dowden, J and Fotso, JC (2015) Psychosocial support and resilience building among health workers in Sierra Leone: interrelations between coping skills, stress levels, and interpersonal relationships. BMC Health Services Research 15, S3.
Villamil-Salcedo, V, Vargas-Terrez, BE and Díaz-Anzaldúa, A (2017) Collaborative care model in mental health. Scope and experiences after three years of activity in Mexico City. Primary Health Care Research and Development 18, 227–234.
Wang, YH, Huang, HC, Liu, SI and Lu, RB (2012) Assessment of changes in confidence, attitude, and knowledge of non-psychiatric physicians undergoing a depression training program in Taiwan. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine 43, 293–308.
WHO (2008) mhGAP: Mental Health Gap Action Programme: Scaling up Care for Mental, Neurological and Substance use Disorders. Geneva: WHO.
WHO (2009) Mental Health Systems in Selected low- and Middle-Income Countries: A WHO-AIMS Cross-National Analysis. Geneva: WHO.
WHO (2016) Intervention guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialised health settings: mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) – version 2.0.
World Bank (2016) Indicators.
Yang, LH, Kleinman, A, Link, BG, Phelan, JC, Lee, S and Good, B (2007) Culture and stigma: adding moral experience to stigma theory. Social Science & Medicine 64, 1524–1535.
Yang, LH, Thornicroft, G, Alvarado, R, Vega, E and Link, BG (2014) Recent advances in cross-cultural measurement in psychiatric epidemiology: utilizing ‘what matters most’ to identify culture-specific aspects of stigma. International Journal of Epidemiology 43, 494–510.