1Ridgeway, K and Harman, J (1999). Equine back rehabilitation. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice 15: 263–280.
2Valberg, SJ (1999). Spinal muscle pathology. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice 15: 87–96.
3Wennerstrand, J, Johnston, C, Roethlisberger-Holm, K, Erichsen, C, Eksell, P and Drevemo, S (2004). Kinematic evaluation of the back in the sport horse with back pain. Equine Veterinary Journal 36: 707–711.
4Jeffcott, LB, Dalin, G, Drevemo, S, Fredricson, I, Björne, K and Bergquist, A (1982). Effect of induced back pain on gait and performance of trotting horses. Equine Veterinary Journal 14: 129–133.
5Jeffcott, LB, Rossdale, PD, Freestone, J, Frank, CJ and Towers-Clark, PF (1982). An assessment of wastage in Thoroughbred racing from conception to 4 years of age. Equine Veterinary Journal 14: 185–198.
6Jeffcott, LB (1979). Back problems in the horse – A look at past, present and future progress. Equine Veterinary Journal 11: 129–136.
7Jeffcott, LB and Dalin, G (1980). Natural rigidity of the horse's backbone. Equine Veterinary Journal 12: 101–108.
8Faber, MJ, Van Weeren, PR, Schepers, M and Barneveld, A (2003). Long-term follow-up of manipulative treatment in a horse with back problems. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine 50: 241–245.
9Haussler, KK (1999). Back problems. Chiropractic evaluation and management. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice 15: 195–209.
10Herrod-Taylor, EE (1967). A technique for manipulation of the spine in horses. Veterinary Record 81: 437–439.
11Fryer, G, Morris, T and Gibbons, P (2004). Paraspinal muscles and intervertebral dysfunction: Part one. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 27: 267–274.
12Herzog, W, Scheele, D and Conway, PJ (1999). Electromyographic responses of back and limb muscles associated with spinal manipulative therapy. Spine 24: 146–153.
13Colloca, CJ and Keller, TS (2001). Electromyographic reflex responses to mechanical force, manually assisted spinal manipulative therapy. Spine 26: 1117–1124.
14Dishman, JD and Bulbulian, R (2001). Comparison of effects of spinal manipulation and massage on motorneuron excitability. Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology 41: 97–106.
15Dishman, JD and Burke, J (2003). Spinal reflex excitability changes after cervical and lumbar manipulation: A comparative study. Spine 3: 204–212.
16Crawford, JP (1999). Chiropractic intervention in the treatment of joint and soft tissue disorders. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 24: 279–289.
17Colborne, GR, McDonald, C, Barrett, A, Targett, S, Fuller, CJ, Targett, S and Fuller, CJ (2004). Effect of reflex inhibition technique for muscular back pain. Equine and Comparative Exercise Physiology 1(2): A8.
18Drake, JDM and Callaghan, JP (2006). Elimination of electrocardiogram contamination from electromyogram signals: An evaluation of currently used removal techniques. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 16: 175–187.
19von Tscharner, V (2000). Intensity analysis in time-frequency space of surface myoelectric signals by wavelets of specified resolution. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 10: 433–445.
20Wakeling, JM, Kaya, M, Temple, GK and Johnston, IA (2002). Determining patterns of motor recruitment during locomotion. Journal of Experimental Biology 205: 359–369.
21Ashina, M, Bendsten, L, Jensen, R, Sakai, F and Olesen, J (1998). Measurement of muscle hardness: A methodological study. Cephalalgia 18: 106–111.
22Kawchuk, G and Herzog, W (1996). A new technique of tissue stiffness (compliance) assessment: Its reliability, accuracy and comparison with an existing method. Journal of Manipulative Therapy 19: 13–18.
23Licka, TF, Peham, C and Frey, A (2004). Electromyographic activity of the longissimus dorsi muscles in horses during trotting on a treadmill. American Journal of Veterinary Research 65: 155–158.
24Peham, C, Frey, C, Licka, A and Scheidl, M (2001). Evaluation of the EMG activity of the long back muscle during induced back movements at stance. Equine Veterinary Journal Suppliment 33: 165–168.
25Peham, C, Licka, TF and Scheidl, M (2001). Evaluation of a signal-adapted filter for processing of periodic electromyography signals in horses walking on a treadmill. American Journal of Veterinary Research 62: 1687–1689.