1Lindinger, MI (1999) Exercise in the heat: thermoregulatory limitations to performances in humans and horses. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology 24: 135–146.
2Lindinger, MI, McKeen, G and Ecker, GL (2004) Time course and magnitude of changes in total body water, extracellular fluid volume, intracellular fluid volume and plasma volume during submaximal exercise and recovery in horses. Equine and Comparative Exercise Physiology 1: 131–139.
3Kozlowski, S and Saltin, B (1964) Effect of sweat loss on body fluids. Journal of Applied Physiology 19: 1119–1124.
4Nose, H, Mack, GW, Shi, XR and Nadel, ER (1988) Shift in body fluid compartments after dehydration in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 65: 318–324.
5Maw, GJ, MacKenzie, IL and Taylor, NAS (1998) Human body fluid distribution during exercise in hot, temperate and cool environments. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 163: 297–304.
6Cornish, BH, Wotton, MJ, Ward, LC, Thomas, BJ and Hills, AP (2001) Fluid shifts resulting from exercise in rats as detected by bioelectrical impedance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33: 249–254.
7Lundvall, J, Mellander, S, Westling, H and White, T (1972) Fluid transfer between blood and tissues during exercise. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 85: 258–269.
8Lindinger, MI, Heigenhauser, GJF, McKelvie, RS and Jones, NL (1990) Role of non-working muscle on blood metabolites and electrolytes during and following intense intermittent exercise. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 258: R1486–R1494.
9Lindinger, MI, Spriet, LL, Hultman, E, Putman, T, McKelvie, RS, Lands, LC et al. (1994) Plasma volume and ion regulation during exercise after low- and high-carbohydrate diets. American Journal of Physiology 266: R1896–R1906.
10Sjogaard, G and Saltin, B (1982) Extra- and intracellular water spaces in muscles of man at rest and with dynamic exercise. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 243: R271–R280.
11Hodgson, DR, McCutcheon, LJ, Byrd, SK, Brown, WS, Bayly, WM, Brengelmann, GL et al. ,(1993) Dissipation of metabolic heat in the horse during exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 74: 1161–1170.
12Forro, M, Cieslar, S, Ecker, GL, Walzak, A, Hahn, J and Lindinger, MI (2000) Total body water and ECFV measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis and indicator dilution in horses. Journal of Applied Physiology 89: 663–671.
13Foldager, N and Blomqvist, CG (1991) Repeated plasma volume determination with the Evans blue dye dilution technique: the method and a computer program. Computing in Biology and Medicine 21: 35–41.
14Chatterjee, MS, Abdel-Rahman, M, Bhandal, A, Klein, P and Bogden, J (1988) Amniotic fluid and thiocyanate in pregnant women who smoke. Journal of Reproductive Medicine 33: 417–420.
15Lindinger, MI, McCutcheon, LJ, Ecker, GL and Geor, RJ (2000) Heat acclimation improves regulation of plasma volume and plasma Na + content during exercise in horses. Journal of Applied Physiology 88: 1006–1013.
16Brownlow, MA and Hutchins, DR (1982) The concept of osmolality: its use in the evaluation of “dehydration” in the horse. Equine Veterinary Journal 14: 106–110.
17Coenen, M (1992). Water and electrolyte metabolism in horses during long-lasting exercise. In: Proceedings: Exercise Physiology and Physical Performance in Farm Animals – Comparative and Specific Aspects. Berne, Switzerland: University of Berne, pp. 21–36.
18Carlson, GP (1987). Hematology and body fluids in the equine athlete. In: Gillespie, JR & Robinson, NE (eds), Equine Exercise Physiology 2. Davis, CA: ICEEP Publications, pp. 393–425.
19Saltin, B (1964) Circulatory responses to submaximal and maximal exercise after thermal dehydration. Journal of Applied Physiology 19: 1125–1132.
20Lindinger, MI, Geor, RJ, Ecker, GL and McCutcheon, LJ (1995) Plasma volume and ions during exercise in cool dry, hot dry, and hot humid conditions. Equine Veterinary Journal Supplement 20: 133–139.
21Haskell, A, Nadel, ER, Stachenfeld, NS, Nagashima, K and Mack, GW (1997) Transcapillary escape rate of albumin in humans during exercise-induced hypervolemia. Journal of Applied Physiology 83: 407–413.
22Wu, J and Mack, GW (2001) Effect of lymphatic outflow pressure on lymphatic albumin transport in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology 91: 1223–1228.
23Kozlowski, S and Saltin, B (1964) Effect of sweat loss on body fluids. Journal of Applied Physiology 19: 1119–1124.
24Harrison, MH, Edwards, RJ and Leitch, DR (1975) Effect of exercise and thermal stress on plasma volume. Journal of Applied Physiology 39: 925–931.
25McKeever, KH, Hinchcliff, KW, Reed, SM and Robertson, JT (1993) Role of decreased plasma volume in hematocrit alterations during incremental treadmill exercise in horses. American Journal of Physiology 265: R404–R408.
26Magnusson, OG, Kaijser, L, Isberg, B and Saltin, B (1994) Cardiovascular responses during one- and two-legged exercise in middle-aged men. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 150: 353–362.
27Gunn, HM (1987). Muscle, bone and fat proportions and muscle distribution of Thoroughbreds and other horses. In: Gillespie, JR & Robinson, NE (eds), Equine Exercise Physiology 2. Davis, CA: ICEEP Publications, pp. 253–264.
28Kerr, MG and Snow, DH (1982) Alterations in haematocrit, plasma proteins and electrolytes in horses following the feeding of hay. Veterinary Record 110: 538–540.
29Masri, M, Freestone, JF, Wolfsheimer, KJ and Shoemaker, K (1990) Alterations in plasma volume, plasma constituents, rennin activity, and aldosterone induced by maximal exercise in the horse. Equine Veterinary Journal Supplement 9: 72–77.
30Geor, RJ, Weiss, DJ and Smith, CM (1994) Hemorheologic alterations induced by incremental treadmill exercise in Thoroughbreds. American Journal of Veterinary Research 55: 854–861.
31Lindinger, MI, Heigenhauser, GJ, McKelvie, RS and Jones, NL (1992) Blood ion regulation during repeated maximal exercise and recovery in humans. American Journal of Physiology 262: R126–R136.
32McKelvie, RS, Lindinger, MI, Heigenhauser, GJF and Jones, NL (1991) Contribution of erythrocytes to the control of the electrolyte changes of exercise. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacolgy 69: 984–993.
33Lindinger, MI and Heingenhauser, GJF (1988) Ion fluxes during titanic stimulation in the isolated perfused rat hindlimb. American Journal of Physiology 254: R117–R126.
34Clausen, T (1986) Regulation of active Na + –K + transport in skeletal muscle. Physiological Reviews 66: 542–580.
35Lang, F, Busch, GL, Ritter, M, Völkl, H, Waldegger, S, Gulbins, E et al. (1998) Functional significance of cell volume regulatory mechanisms. Physiological Reviews 78: 247–306.
36Harris, P and Snow, DH (1988) The effects of high intensity exercise on the plasma concentration of lactate, potassium and other electrolytes. Equine Veterinary Journal 20: 109–113.
37Harris, P and Snow, DH (1992) Plasma potassium and lactate concentrations in Thoroughbred horses during exercise of varying intensity. Equine Veterinary Journal 23: 220–225.
38Lindinger, MI, Heigenhauser, GJF and McKelvie, RS (1995) K + and Lac - distribution in humans during and after high-intensity exercise: role in muscle fatigue attenuation? Journal of Applied Physiology 78: 765–777.
39Clausen, T (1992) Potassium and sodium transport and pH regulation. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 70: (Supplement) S219–S222.
40Gottlieb-Vedi, M, Dahlborn, K, Jansson, A and Wroblewski, R (1996) Elemental composition of muscle at rest and potassium levels in muscle, plasma and sweat of horses exercising at 20°C and 35°C. Equine Veterinary Journal Supplement 22: 35–41.
41Hodgson, DR, McCutcheon, LJ, Byrd, SK, Brown, WS, Bayly, WM, Brengelmann, GL et al. (1993) Dissipation of metabolic heat in the horse during exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 74: 1161–1170.
42McCutcheon, LJ, Geor, RJ, Hare, J, Ecker, GL and Lindinger, MI (1995) Sweating rate and sweat composition during exercise and recovery in ambient heat and humidity. Equine Veterinary Journal 20: 153–157.
43Watson, PD, Garner, RP and Ward, DS (1993) Water uptake in stimulated cat skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology 264: R790–R796.
44Schuback, K, Essen-Gustavsson, B (1998) Muscle anaerobic response to a maximal treadmill exercise test in Standardbred trotters. Equine Veterinary Journal 30: 504–510.