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  • Cited by 15
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Gallagher, Adrian and Brown, Garrett W 2016. The Responsibility to Protect 10 years on from the World Summit: A victory for common humanity?. International Politics, Vol. 53, Issue. 1, p. 8.

    Harrison, Graham 2016. Onwards and Sidewards? The Curious Case of the Responsibility to Protect and Mass Violence in Africa. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, Vol. 10, Issue. 2, p. 143.

    Radice, Henry 2016. The responsibility to protect as humanitarian negotiation: A space for the ‘politics of humanity’?. International Politics, Vol. 53, Issue. 1, p. 101.

    Song, Yanan 2016. The US commitment to NATO in the post-Cold War period – a case study on Libya. Journal of Transatlantic Studies, Vol. 14, Issue. 1, p. 83.

    Breakey, Hugh 2015. Conscience, Leadership and the Problem of ‘Dirty Hands’.

    Labonte, Melissa T. 2015. Human Rights Protection in Global Politics.

    Nuruzzaman, Mohammed 2015. Rethinking Foreign Military Interventions to Promote Human Rights: Evidence from Libya, Bahrain and Syria. Canadian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 48, Issue. 03, p. 531.

    Brockmeier, Sarah Kurtz, Gerrit and Junk, Julian 2014. Emerging norm and rhetorical tool: Europe and a responsibility to protect. Conflict, Security & Development, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 429.

    Junk, Julian 2014. The two-level politics of support—US foreign policy and the responsibility to protect. Conflict, Security & Development, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 535.

    Kersavage, Kathryn 2014. The “responsibility to protect” our answer to “never again”? Libya, Syria and a critical analysis of R2P. International Affairs Forum, Vol. 5, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Rotmann, Philipp Kurtz, Gerrit and Brockmeier, Sarah 2014. Major powers and the contested evolution of a responsibility to protect. Conflict, Security & Development, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 355.

    Friberg-Fernros, Henrik and Brommesson, Douglas 2013. The responsibility to protect – An incoherent doctrine?. International Politics, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 600.

    Capie, David 2012. The Responsibility to Protect Norm in Southeast Asia: Framing, Resistance and the Localization Myth. The Pacific Review, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 75.

    Chesterman, Simon 2011. “Leading from Behind”: The Responsibility to Protect, the Obama Doctrine, and Humanitarian Intervention after Libya. Ethics & International Affairs, Vol. 25, Issue. 03, p. 279.

    Welsh, Jennifer 2011. Civilian Protection in Libya: Putting Coercion and Controversy Back into RtoP. Ethics & International Affairs, Vol. 25, Issue. 03, p. 255.


RtoP Alive and Well after Libya


With the exception of Raphael Lemkin's efforts on behalf of the 1948 Genocide Convention, no idea has moved faster in the international normative arena than “the responsibility to protect” (RtoP), which was formulated in 2001 by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS). Friends and foes have pointed to the commission's conceptual contribution to reframing sovereignty as contingent rather than absolute, and to establishing a framework for forestalling or stopping mass atrocities via a three-pronged responsibility—to prevent, to react, and to rebuild. But until the international military action against Libya in March 2011, the sharp end of the RtoP stick—the use of military force—had been replaced by evasiveness and skittishness from diplomats, scholars, and policy analysts.

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Alan J. Kuperman , “The Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention: Lessons from the Balkans,” International Studies Quarterly 52 (2008), pp. 4980

Alan J. Kuperman , “Darfur: Strategic Victimhood Strikes Again?Genocide Studies and Prevention 4, no. 3 (2009), pp. 281303

Kwame Akonor , “Assessing the African Union's Right of Humanitarian Intervention,Criminal Justice Ethics 29, no. 2 (2010), pp. 157–73

Rama Mani and Thomas G. Weiss , eds., The Responsibility to Protect: Cultural Perspectives in the Global South (London: Routledge, 2011)

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Ethics & International Affairs
  • ISSN: 0892-6794
  • EISSN: 1747-7093
  • URL: /core/journals/ethics-and-international-affairs
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