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Mapping ‘Militant Democracy’: Variation in Party Ban Practices in European Democracies (1945-2015)


Introduction – Explaining party bans, political and legal contexts – Banned parties and banning states in Europe, the political context – Nature of banned parties – Nature of banning states – Tolerant and intolerant democracies, the legal context – Evolving rationales for party bans and procedures for proscription – Contemporary rationales for banning parties – Anti-democratic ideology – Non-democratic internal organisation – Party names – Party orientation to violence – Protecting the present order – Evolving rationales for party bans – Weimar and legitimacy paradigms – Conclusions, directions for future research

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Authors note: Both authors have contributed equally. This is one of several joint works and the ordering of names simply reflects a principle of rotation. Acknowledgements: We are grateful to Professor Omer Faruck Genckaya, Professor Susan Scarrow, Professor Nicole Bolleyer, Dr. Tom Mustily, Dr. Ilke Toygur, Dr. Stefanie Beyens and Dr. Juan Rodriguez Teruel and the three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions on a previous version of this paper.

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European Constitutional Law Review
  • ISSN: 1574-0196
  • EISSN: 1744-5515
  • URL: /core/journals/european-constitutional-law-review
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