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Alternative application site of transdermal nitroglycerin and the reduction of pain on propofol injection

  • A. Turan (a1), B. Karamanlioğlu (a1), D. Memiş (a1) and Z. Pamukçu (a1)
Corresponding author
Correspondence to: Alparslan Turan, Trakya University Medical Faculty, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, 22030, Edirne, Turkey. E-mail:; Tel: +90 284 2357641/3202; Fax: +90 284 2358096
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Picard P, Tramer MR. Prevention of pain on injection with propofol: a quantitative systemic review. Anesth Analg 2000; 90: 963969.
Nakane M, Iwama H. Apotential mechanism of propofol induced pain on injection based on studies using nafamostat mesilate. Br J Anaesth 1999; 83: 397404.
Yull DN, Barkshire KF, Dexter T. Pretreatment with ketorolac and venous occlusion to reduce injection of propofol. Anaesthesia 2000; 55: 284287.
Katzung BG, Chatterjee K. Vasodilators and the treatment of angina pectoris. In Basic and Clinical Pharmacology.Stanford, USA: Appleton & Lange, 1998: 179304.
Lauretti GR, Lima IC, Reis MP, Prado WA, Pereira NL. Oral ketamine and transdermal nitroglycerin as analgesic adjuvants to oral morphine therapy for cancer pain management. Anesthesiology 1999; 90: 15281533.
Wilkinson D, Anderson M, Gauntlett I. Pain on injection of propofol: modification by nitroglycerin. Anesth Analg 1993; 77: 11391142.
O'Hara JF Jr, Sprung J, Laseter JT, et al. Effects of topical nitroglycerin and intravenous lidocaine on propofol induced pain on injection. Anesth Analg 1997; 84: 865869.
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European Journal of Anaesthesiology
  • ISSN: 0265-0215
  • EISSN: 1365-2346
  • URL: /core/journals/european-journal-of-anaesthesiology
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