Published online by Cambridge University Press: 07 January 2014
This paper analyses a canonical class of one-dimensional superlinear indefinite boundary value problems of great interest in population dynamics under non-homogeneous boundary conditions; the main bifurcation parameter in our analysis is the amplitude of the superlinear term. Essentially, it continues the analysis of López-Gómez et al. (López-Gómez, J., Tellini, A. & Zanolin, F. (2014) High multiplicity and complexity of the bifurcation diagrams of large solutions for a class of superlinear indefinite problems. Comm. Pure Appl. Anal. 13(1), 1–73) with empty overlapping, by computing the bifurcation diagrams of positive steady states of the model and by proving analytically a number of significant features, which have been observed from the numerical experiments carried out here. The numerics of this paper, besides being very challenging from the mathematical point of view, are imperative from the point of view of population dynamics, in order to ascertain the dimensions of the unstable manifolds of the multiple equilibria of the problem, which measure their degree of instability. From that point of view, our results establish that under facilitative effects in competitive media, the harsher the environmental conditions, the richer the dynamics of the species, in the sense discussed in Section 1.