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Intricate dynamics caused by facilitation in competitive environments within polluted habitat patches

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 January 2014

JULIÁN LÓPEZ-GÓMEZ
Affiliation:
Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain emails: Lopez_Gomez@mat.ucm.es, andrea.tellini@mat.ucm.es
MARCELA MOLINA-MEYER
Affiliation:
Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28911 Leganés, Madrid, Spain email: mmolinam@math.uc3m.es
ANDREA TELLINI
Affiliation:
Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain emails: Lopez_Gomez@mat.ucm.es, andrea.tellini@mat.ucm.es

Abstract

This paper analyses a canonical class of one-dimensional superlinear indefinite boundary value problems of great interest in population dynamics under non-homogeneous boundary conditions; the main bifurcation parameter in our analysis is the amplitude of the superlinear term. Essentially, it continues the analysis of López-Gómez et al. (López-Gómez, J., Tellini, A. & Zanolin, F. (2014) High multiplicity and complexity of the bifurcation diagrams of large solutions for a class of superlinear indefinite problems. Comm. Pure Appl. Anal. 13(1), 1–73) with empty overlapping, by computing the bifurcation diagrams of positive steady states of the model and by proving analytically a number of significant features, which have been observed from the numerical experiments carried out here. The numerics of this paper, besides being very challenging from the mathematical point of view, are imperative from the point of view of population dynamics, in order to ascertain the dimensions of the unstable manifolds of the multiple equilibria of the problem, which measure their degree of instability. From that point of view, our results establish that under facilitative effects in competitive media, the harsher the environmental conditions, the richer the dynamics of the species, in the sense discussed in Section 1.

Type
Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2014 

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