Skip to main content
×
Home

Archaeology, Heritage, and Social Value: Public Perspectives on European Archaeology

  • Kornelia Kajda (a1), Amala Marx (a2), Holly Wright (a3), Julian Richards (a3), Arkadiusz Marciniak (a1), Kai Salas Rossenbach (a2), Michal Pawleta (a1), Monique H. van den Dries (a4), Krijn Boom (a4), Maria Pia Guermandi (a5), Felipe Criado-Boado (a6), David Barreiro (a6), Anita Synnestvedt (a7), Kostantinos Kotsakis (a8), Kostantinos Kasvikis (a9), Eleftheria Theodoroudi (a8), Friedrich Lüth (a10), Mayssoun Issa (a10) and Isabelle Frase (a10)...
Abstract

This article presents the key results of a major survey carried out by the NEARCH project on the public perception of archaeology and heritage across Europe. The analysis focuses on three main points of significance for contemporary archaeological practice. The first is the image of archaeology and its definition in the perception of the general public. The second concerns the values that archaeology represents for the public. The third focuses on the social expectations placed on archaeologists and archaeology. The NEARCH survey clearly indicates that there is a significant public expectation by Europeans that archaeology should work comprehensively across a broad range of areas, and that cultural heritage management in general needs to engage more with different archaeological and heritage groups.

Cet article présente les principaux résultats d'une grande enquête conduite dans le cadre du projet NEARCH sur la perception qu'a le public européen de l'archéologie et du patrimoine. L'analyse se concentre sur trois aspects d'importance pour la pratique contemporaine de l'archéologie. Le premier concerne l'image qu'a le grand public de l'archéologie et la définition qu'il en donne. Le second a trait aux valeurs que l'archéologie représente pour ce public. Le troisième porte sur les attentes de la société envers les archéologues et l'archéologie. L'enquête du projet NEARCH démontre clairement qu'il existe une forte demande du public européen pour la contribution de l'archéologie à de nombreux domaines, et pour une gestion du patrimoine culturel impliquant plus fortement les différents groupes intéressés par l'archéologie et le patrimoine. Translation by Amala Marx

In diesem Artikel werden die wesentlichen Ergebnisse einer Umfrage, die im Rahmen des NEARCH Projektes durchgeführt wurde, vorgestellt. Unsere Untersuchung betrifft drei Hauptpunkte, die von großer Bedeutung für die heutige Praxis der Archäologie sind. Erstens betrachten wir, wie sich die Öffentlichkeit die Archäologie vorstellt. Zweitens befassen wir uns mit den Werten, für welche die Archäologie in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung steht. Und drittens untersuchen wir die sozialen Erwartungen, die in die Archäologie und den Archäologen gesetzt werden. Die NEARCH Umfrage zeigt deutlich, dass die Europäer viel von der Archäologie erwarten, und zwar in einem breiten Spektrum von Bereichen, und dass die Bodendenkmalpflege allgemein mit den verschiedenen archäologischen und kulturerblichen Gruppen konstruktiver zusammenarbeiten muss. Translation by Madeleine Hummler

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Archaeology, Heritage, and Social Value: Public Perspectives on European Archaeology
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Archaeology, Heritage, and Social Value: Public Perspectives on European Archaeology
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Archaeology, Heritage, and Social Value: Public Perspectives on European Archaeology
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the same Creative Commons licence is included and the original work is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use.
References
Hide All
Abel T., Abraham A. & Sommerhalder K. 2010. Landscape and Well-being: A Scoping Study on the Health-promoting Impact of Outdoor Environments. International Journal of Public Health, 55: 5969.
Agenda Kulturarv 2004. Slutrapport [Final Report] Agenda Kulturarv. Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet [online] [accessed 19 May 2016]. Available at: <http://agendakulturarv.raa.se/opencms/export/agendakulturarv/dokument/Arkiv/Slutver.slutrap1.pdf>
Almansa J. 2006. La imagen popular de la arqueología en Madrid. Arqueoweb, 8(1) [online] [accessed 10 May 2016]. Available at: <http://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/arqueoweb/pdf/8-1/almansa.pdf>
Aronsson P. 2003. Att förnya kulturarvet [Renewing the Heritage]. In: Agenda Kulturarv: Inspiration, Discussion. Stockholm: Agenda Kulturarv och Riksantikvarieämbetet, pp. 6880.
Baxter I. 2009. Means Maketh the End. The Context for the Development of Methodologies to Assess the State of the Historic Environment in the UK. In: Stig Sörensen M.L. & Carman J., eds. Heritage Studies: Methods and Approaches. London: Routledge, pp. 85102.
Blank Y. 2003. Delaktighetsmålet i Länsstyrelsepraktiken [Participation as an Objective in County Practice], Rapport 2003:3. Gothenburg: Länsstyrelsen Västra Götaland, Kulturmiljöenheten.
Bohne A. & Heinrich M.U. 2000. Das Bild der Archäologie in der Öffentlichkeit: Eine Befragung in Bonn und Köln. Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologen-Verbandes, 31(2): 134.
Centro Studi TCI 2002. Metodo e strumenti per un osservatorio del turismo culturale. Il caso Basilicata. Milano: Touring Club Italiano.
Depaepe P. & Salas Rossenbach K. 2013. Preventive Archaeology in France, Review and Point of View. In: Guermandi M.P. & Salas-Rossenbach K., eds. Twenty Years after Malta: Preventive Archaeology in Europe and in Italy. Bologna: IBC, pp. 129–36.
De Sars F. & Cambe G. 2010. Image de l'archéologie auprès du grand public. Étude n° 10-0500390-01. Ipsos Marketing [online] [accessed 1 July 2016]. Available at: <http://www.ipsos.fr/sites/default/files/attachments/image_de_larcheologie_aupres_du_grand_public.pdf>
Dezellus J. & Germain F. 2014. Synthèse bibliographique: les publics et les médiations de l'archéologie. Paris: Département de la politique des publics, direction générale des patrimoines, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication.
English Heritage 2000. Power of Place. The Future of the Historic Environment. London: Power of Place Office.
Eogan J. 2010. The Impact of the Recession on Archaeology in the Republic of Ireland. In: Schlanger N. & Aitchison K., eds. Archaeology and the Global Economic Crisis. Multiple Impacts, Possible Solutions. Tervuren: Culture Lab Editions, pp. 1924.
Erbani F. 2015. Pompei. Italia. Milano: Feltrinelli.
García J. 2012. Opinión frente a la conservación del patrimonio histórico-cultural. In: Conocimiento y percepción del patrimonio histórico en la sociedad española. Estudios de patrimonio 2. Madrid: Caja Madrid Fundación, pp. 6599.
Harrison R. 2013. Forgetting to Remember, Remembering to Forget: Late Modern Heritage Practices, Sustainability and the ‘Crisis’ of Accumulation. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 19: 579–95.
Hodder I. 2010. Cultural Heritage Rights: From Ownership and Descent to Justice and Well-being. Anthropological Quarterly, 83: 861–82.
Hodder I. & Doughty L. 2007. Mediterranean Prehistoric Heritage: Training, Education and Management. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.
Högberg A. 2007. The Past in the Present: Prehistory and Preservation from a Children's Point of View. Public Archaeology, 6: 2846.
Ibáñez M. 2013. El patrimonio arqueológico de Sevilla, una reflexión desde la arqueología pública. PH Investigación, 1 (December): 89–107 [online] [accessed 10 May 2016]. Available at: <http://www.iaph.es/phinvestigacion/index.php/phinvestigacion/article/view/10#.VzG_jOQat6I>
Incipit 2014. Executive Summary of the Project on the Social Value of Altamira. Programa de Investigación para la Conservación Preventiva y Régimen de acceso a la Cueva de Altamira. Memoria final. Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte [online] [accessed 10 May 2016]. Available at: <http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/112865/3/Executive_Summary_Social_Value_def.pdf>
Jonchery A. & Dezellus J. 2014. A l'écoute des visiteurs de l'archéologie: état des lieux et résultats d'enquête. L'archéologie à la rencontre des publics, Transmission et médiation des résultats de la recherche, colloque 26–27 novembre 2014. Paris: Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication [online] [accessed 29 March 2016]. Available at: <http://www.culturecommunication.gouv.fr/Politiques-ministerielles/Archeologie/Rencontre-des-publics/Les-publics-face-a-leur-passe>
Kaeser M.A. 2016. La médiation de l'archéologie. Ethique de la complaisance ou impératif épistémologique? In Situ, 28 [online] [accessed 29 March 2016]. Available at: <http://insitu.revues.org/12814>; doi:10.4000/insitu.12814
Kajda K. & Kostyrko M. 2016. Contemporary Heritage Promotion: Towards Socially Engaged Archaeology. Sprawozdania Archeologiczne, 68: 923.
Kajda K., Michalik T. & Kobiałka D. 2015. Heritage for All. A Contribution to the Inclusion of People with Intellectual Disabilities in Archaeology: A Polish Perspective. Current Swedish Archaeology, 23: 131–56.
Kobyliński Z. 2009. Archeologia wobec wyzwań współczesności [Archaeology Facing Contemporary Challenges]. In: Brzostowicz M., ed. Archeologia polska i jej czasy [Polish Archaeology and its times]. Poznań: Wydawnictwo PTPN, pp. 103–31.
Kotsakis K., Vokotopoulos L., Lekka A. & Fourligka E. 1993. Πολιτιστικήκληρονομιά και τοπική κοινωνία: Η ανασκαφή της ΤούμπαςΘεσσαλονίκης. Ανακοίνωση στο Συνέδριο Μνημείο και Κοινωνία, Αθήνα, Τεχνικό Επιμελητήριο Ελλάδος, 1 Δεκεμβρίου 1993 [Cultural Heritage and Local Community: The Excavation of Toumba in Thessaloniki]. Paper presented at the Conference, Monument and Society, organised by the Technical Chamber of Greece, 1 December 1993, Athens.
Kotsakis K., Kaukoula K., Nanoglou S. & Astreinidou P. 2007. Paliambela Management Plan. In: Hodder I. & Doughty L., eds. Mediterranean Prehistoric Heritage: Training, Education and Management. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. CD content.
Kotsakis K., Kasvikis K. & Theodoroudi E. 2015. Twenty Years After: Community Attitudes and Perceptions of Archaeology. Paper Presented at the 21st Annual Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA), Glasgow, 2–5 September.
Kozioł A., Trelka M. & Florjanowicz P. 2013. Społeczno-gospodarcze oddziaływanie dziedzictwa kulturowego. Raport z badań społecznych [The Socio-Economic Impact of the Cultural Heritage. A Social Research Report]. Warszawa: Narodowy Instytut Dziedzictwa [online] [accessed 5 May 2016]. Available at: <http://www.nid.pl/pl/Informacje_ogolne/Aktualnosci/news.php?ID=2150>
Madsuda A. & Okamura K. eds. 2011. New Perspectives in Global Public Archaeology. New York: Springer.
Marciniak A. 2011. Contemporary Polish Archaeology in Global Context. In: Lozny L.R., ed. Comparative Archaeologies: A Sociological View of the Science of the Past. New York: Springer, pp. 179–94.
Marciniak A. 2015. The Aftermath of Malta. In: van Dries M.H., van der Linde S.J. & Strecker A., eds. Fernweh. Crossing Borders and Connecting People in Archaeological Heritage Management. Essays in Honour of Prof. Willem J.H. Willems. Leiden: Sidestone Press, pp. 3437.
Marciniak A. & Pawleta M. 2010. Archaeology in Crisis: The Case of Poland. In: Schlanger N. & Aitchison K., eds. Archaeology and the Global Economic Crisis: Multiple Impacts, Possible Solutions. Tervuren: Culture Lab Editions, pp. 8796.
Marciniak A., Minta-Tworzowska D. & Pawleta M. eds. 2011. Współczesne oblicza przeszłości [Contemporary Faces of the Past]. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Poznańskie.
Martelli-Banégas D, Panhard I. & Favré T. 2015. Image of Archaeology in Europe: Summary Report General Public. Harris Interactive [online] [accessed 20 April 2017]. Available at: <http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/nearch_2017/landing.cfm>
Merriman N. ed. 2004. Public Archaeology. London: Routledge.
MIBACT 2014. Minicifre della Cultura. Roma: Gangemi Editore [online] [accessed 10 May 2016]. Available at: <http://www.ufficiostudi.beniculturali.it/mibac/multimedia/UfficioStudi/documents/1425902120318_Minicifre_2014_bassa_risoluzione.pdf>
MIBACT 2016. Musei, monumenti e aree archeologiche statali. Rilevazione 2015. Roma: Ministero dei beni e delle attività culturali e del Turismo [online] [accessed 10 May 2016]. Available at: <http://www.beniculturali.it/mibac/multimedia/MiBAC/documents/1452786836128_2015MuseiPerSito.pdf>
Montanari T. 2015. Privati del Patrimonio. Torino: Einaudi.
MORI 2000a. Attitudes Towards the Heritage: Research Study Conducted for English Heritage. London: English Heritage.
MORI 2000b. What Does ‘Heritage’ Mean to You? [online] [accessed 10 May 2016]. Available at: <https://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/researcharchive/1558/What-Does-Heritage-Mean-To-You.aspx>
MORI 2003. Making Heritage Count? Research Study Conducted for English Heritage, Department for Culture, Media and Sport and the Heritage Lottery Fund. London: English Heritage.
Moshenska G. 2013. The Archaeological Gaze. In: González-Ruibal A., ed. Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity. London: Routledge, pp. 211–19.
NIPO/AIC 1996. Samenvatting Bevolkingsonderzoek ‘archeologie’ [Summary Population Study ‘Archaeology’] (Archeologisch Informatie Cahier 10). Leiden: Archaeologisch Informatie Centrum.
Olivier A. 2015. Challenging Attitudes—Delivering Public Benefit. In: Florjanowicz P., ed. When Valletta meets Faro. The Reality of European Archaeology in the 21st Century. Proceedings of the International Conference Lisbon, Portugal, 19–21 March 2015 (EAC Occasional Paper 11). Namur: Europae Archaeologia Consilium, pp. 1323.
Parga-Dans E. 2010. Commercial Archaeology in Spain: Its Growth, Development and the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis. In: Schlanger N. & Aitchison K., eds. Archaeology and the Global Economic Crisis: Multiple Impacts, Possible Solutions. Tervuren: Culture Lab Editions, pp. 4554.
Parga-Dans E. 2014. Informe sociológico. Anexo I: Informe descriptivo de la encuesta de valoración de la visita. Programa de Investigación para la Conservación Preventiva y Régimen de acceso a la Cueva de Altamira. Memoria final. Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte [online] [accessed 10 May 2016]. Available at: <http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/113130/3/Anexo_I_informe_descriptivo_valoracion_visita.pdf>
Pawleta M. 2016. Przeszłość we współczesności. Studium metodologiczne archeologicznie kreowanej przeszłości w przestrzeni społecznej [The Past in the Present. Methodological Study of the Creation of the Archaeological Past in the Social Sphere]. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM.
RAÄ (Riksantikvarieämbetet) 2002. Kommentarer till statistiska centralbyråns slutrapport mars 2002: Vad betyder kulturmiljön för dig? [Comments on the Central Statistical Office's Final Report of March 2002: What Does the Cultural Environment Mean to You?]. Stockholm: Riksantikvarieämbetet.
Sakellariadi A. 2011. Archaeology for the People? Greek Archaeology and its Public: An Analysis of the Socio-political and Economic Role of Archaeology in Greece (unpublished doctoral dissertation, University College London).
Salmona P. 2008. Le rébus au fond du labyrinthe. Archéopages, Hors-série , 1: 120–23.
Schlanger N. & Aitchison K. 2010. Archaeology and the Global Economic Crisis: Multiple Impacts, Possible Solutions. Trevuren: Culture Lab Editions.
Solima L. 2000. Il pubblico dei musei. Indagine sulla comunicazione nei musei statali italiani. Roma: Gangemi Editore.
Stroulia A. & Sutton S.B. eds. 2010. Archaeology in Situ: Sites, Archaeology, and Communities in Greece. Lanham (MD): Rowman & Littlefield.
Synnestvedt A. 2008. Fornlämningsplatsen. Kärleksaffär eller trist historia [Heritage Sites – A Love Affair or a Sad Story] (unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Gothenburg).
van den Dries M.H. 2014. Community Archaeology in the Netherlands. Journal of Community Archaeology and Heritage, 1: 6988.
van den Dries M.H. 2015. From Malta to Faro, How Far Have We Come? Some Facts and Figures on Public Engagement in the Archaeological Sector in Europe. In: Schut P.A.C., Scharff D. & de Wit L., eds. Setting the Agenda: Giving New Meaning to the European Archaeological Heritage (EAC Occasional Paper 10). Namur: Europae Archaeologia Consilium, pp. 4555.
van den Dries M.H. & van der Linde S.J. 2012. Twenty Years after Malta: Archaeological Heritage as a Source of Collective Memory and Scientific Study Anno 2012. Analecta Prehistorica Leidensia, 43/44: 919.
van den Dries M.H., Boom K.H.J. & Van der Linde S.J. 2015. Exploring Archaeology's Social Values for Present-day Society. Analecta Prehistorica Leidensia, 45: 221–34.
Willems W.J.H. 2014. The Future of World Heritage and the Emergence of Transnational Heritage Regimes. Heritage & Society, 7: 105–20.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

European Journal of Archaeology
  • ISSN: 1461-9571
  • EISSN: 1741-2722
  • URL: /core/journals/european-journal-of-archaeology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 142
Total number of PDF views: 355 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 1902 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 9th May 2017 - 14th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.