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Archaeology, Heritage, and Social Value: Public Perspectives on European Archaeology

  • Kornelia Kajda (a1), Amala Marx (a2), Holly Wright (a3), Julian Richards (a3), Arkadiusz Marciniak (a1), Kai Salas Rossenbach (a2), Michal Pawleta (a1), Monique H. van den Dries (a4), Krijn Boom (a4), Maria Pia Guermandi (a5), Felipe Criado-Boado (a6), David Barreiro (a6), Anita Synnestvedt (a7), Kostantinos Kotsakis (a8), Kostantinos Kasvikis (a9), Eleftheria Theodoroudi (a8), Friedrich Lüth (a10), Mayssoun Issa (a10) and Isabelle Frase (a10)...
Abstract

This article presents the key results of a major survey carried out by the NEARCH project on the public perception of archaeology and heritage across Europe. The analysis focuses on three main points of significance for contemporary archaeological practice. The first is the image of archaeology and its definition in the perception of the general public. The second concerns the values that archaeology represents for the public. The third focuses on the social expectations placed on archaeologists and archaeology. The NEARCH survey clearly indicates that there is a significant public expectation by Europeans that archaeology should work comprehensively across a broad range of areas, and that cultural heritage management in general needs to engage more with different archaeological and heritage groups.

Cet article présente les principaux résultats d'une grande enquête conduite dans le cadre du projet NEARCH sur la perception qu'a le public européen de l'archéologie et du patrimoine. L'analyse se concentre sur trois aspects d'importance pour la pratique contemporaine de l'archéologie. Le premier concerne l'image qu'a le grand public de l'archéologie et la définition qu'il en donne. Le second a trait aux valeurs que l'archéologie représente pour ce public. Le troisième porte sur les attentes de la société envers les archéologues et l'archéologie. L'enquête du projet NEARCH démontre clairement qu'il existe une forte demande du public européen pour la contribution de l'archéologie à de nombreux domaines, et pour une gestion du patrimoine culturel impliquant plus fortement les différents groupes intéressés par l'archéologie et le patrimoine. Translation by Amala Marx

In diesem Artikel werden die wesentlichen Ergebnisse einer Umfrage, die im Rahmen des NEARCH Projektes durchgeführt wurde, vorgestellt. Unsere Untersuchung betrifft drei Hauptpunkte, die von großer Bedeutung für die heutige Praxis der Archäologie sind. Erstens betrachten wir, wie sich die Öffentlichkeit die Archäologie vorstellt. Zweitens befassen wir uns mit den Werten, für welche die Archäologie in der öffentlichen Wahrnehmung steht. Und drittens untersuchen wir die sozialen Erwartungen, die in die Archäologie und den Archäologen gesetzt werden. Die NEARCH Umfrage zeigt deutlich, dass die Europäer viel von der Archäologie erwarten, und zwar in einem breiten Spektrum von Bereichen, und dass die Bodendenkmalpflege allgemein mit den verschiedenen archäologischen und kulturerblichen Gruppen konstruktiver zusammenarbeiten muss. Translation by Madeleine Hummler

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the same Creative Commons licence is included and the original work is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use.
References
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I. Hodder 2010. Cultural Heritage Rights: From Ownership and Descent to Justice and Well-being. Anthropological Quarterly, 83: 861–82.

A. Högberg 2007. The Past in the Present: Prehistory and Preservation from a Children's Point of View. Public Archaeology, 6: 2846.

A. Madsuda & K. Okamura eds. 2011. New Perspectives in Global Public Archaeology. New York: Springer.

A. Marciniak 2011. Contemporary Polish Archaeology in Global Context. In: L.R. Lozny , ed. Comparative Archaeologies: A Sociological View of the Science of the Past. New York: Springer, pp. 179–94.

M.H. van den Dries 2014. Community Archaeology in the Netherlands. Journal of Community Archaeology and Heritage, 1: 6988.

W.J.H. Willems 2014. The Future of World Heritage and the Emergence of Transnational Heritage Regimes. Heritage & Society, 7: 105–20.

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European Journal of Archaeology
  • ISSN: 1461-9571
  • EISSN: 1741-2722
  • URL: /core/journals/european-journal-of-archaeology
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