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Dating the East Adriatic Neolithic

  • Stašo Forenbaher (a1), Timothy Kaiser (a2) and Preston T. Miracle (a3)
Abstract

New radiocarbon determinations from Mesolithic, Neolithic, and/or Copper Age contexts at ten sites are presented, bringing the number of absolute dates available for the East Adriatic to more than twice that of a decade ago. The dates show that, from 6000 BC onward, pottery styles (Impressed Ware, Danilo variants, Hvar, Nakovana, and Cetina) emerged, spread, and disappeared at different times, places, and rates within the region. The implications for models of the spread of farming and other features of Neolithic life are discussed. The continued usefulness of the threefold division of the regional Neolithic into ‘Early’, ‘Middle’, and ‘Late’ phases is found to be dubious.

On présente ici de nouvelles déterminations par radiocarbone provenant de contextes mésolithiques, néolithiques et/ou de l'Âge du Cuivre de dix sites différents, plus que doublant ainsi le nombre de dates absolues disponibles pour l'Est Adriatique par rapport à 10 ans plus tôt. Les dates montrent qu’à partir de 6000 cal BC des styles céramiques (céramique à impressions, variantes Danilo, Hvar, Nakovana et Cetina) se répandent et disparaissent en des temps, places et rythmes différents au sein de la région. Les conséquences pour les modèles de diffusion de l'agriculture et autres aspects de la vie néolithique sont étudiés. On doit se poser la question si la triple division du Néolithique régional en des phases ‘début’, ‘moyen’ et ‘récent’ demeure utile. Translation by Isabelle Gerges.

Zusammenfassung

In diesem Beitrag werden neue Radiokarbondaten aus Kontexten des Mesolithikums, des Neolithikums und/oder der Kupferzeit von zehn verschiedenen Fundplätzen vorgestellt, womit sich die Zahl der Daten, die für den ostadriatischen Raum zur Verfügung stehen, im Vergleich zum letzten Jahrzehnt mehr als verdoppelt hat. Die Daten zeigen, dass ab 6000 v. Chr. zu verschiedenen Zeiten, an unterschiedlichen Orten und in abweichendem Maße innerhalb der Region verschiedene Keramikstile (Impresso, Danilo-Varianten, Hvar, Nakovana und Cetina) erschienen, sich verbreiteten und wieder verschwanden. Die Konsequenzen dieser Ergebnisse für Modelle der Verbreitung der Landwirtschaft und anderer Merkmale des jungsteinzeitlichen Lebens werden diskutiert. Dabei wird die Zweckmäßigkeit der traditionellen Dreiteilung des lokalen Neolithikums in eine ‘frühe’, eine ‘mittlere’ und eine ‘späte’ Phase in Zweifel gezogen. Translation by Heiner Schwarzberg.

Copyright
Corresponding author
[email: staso.forenbaher@zg.t-com.hr]
[email: tkaiser@lakeheadu.ca]
[email: ptm21@cam.ac.uk]
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