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The Second Phase of the Trypillia Mega-Site Methodological Revolution: A New Research Agenda

  • John Chapman (a1), Mikhail Yu Videiko (a2), Duncan Hale (a1), Bisserka Gaydarska (a1), Natalia Burdo (a2), Knut Rassmann (a3), Carsten Mischka (a4), Johannes Müller (a4), Aleksey Korvin-Piotrovskiy (a2) and Volodymyr Kruts (a2)...
Abstract

The first phase of the Trypillia mega-sites' methodological revolution began in 1971 with aerial photography, magnetic prospection, and archaeological excavations of huge settlements of hundreds of hectares belonging to the Trypillia culture in Ukraine. Since 2009, we have created a second phase of the methodological revolution in studies of Trypillia mega-sites, which has provided more significant advances in our understanding of these large sites than any other single research development in the last three decades, thanks partly to the participation of joint Ukrainian-foreign teams. In this paper, we outline the main aspects of the second phase, using examples from the Anglo-Ukrainian project ‘Early urbanism in prehistoric Europe: the case of the Trypillia mega-sites', working at Nebelivka (also spelled ‘Nebilivka’), and the Ukrainian-German project ‘Economy, demography and social space of Trypillia mega-sites', working at Taljanky (‘Talianki’), Maydanetske (‘Maydanetskoe’), and Dobrovody, as well as the smaller site at Apolianka.

La première phase de la révolution méthodologique sur les méga-sites de Trypillia commençait en 1971 avec la photographie aérienne, la prospection magnétique et les fouilles archéologiques des immenses surfaces habitées, s'étendant sur des centaines de hectares et appartenant à la culture de Trypillia en Ukraine. Depuis 2009 nous avons créé une seconde phase de la révolution méthodologique des études des méga-sites de Trypillia, qui a permis des progrès plus significatifs dans notre compréhension des ces grands sites que tous les autres projets de recherche des trois dernières décennies; aussi grâce à la participation d'équipes ukraino-étrangères conjointes. Cet article présente les principaux aspects de la deuxième phase, en utilisant des exemples du projet anglo-ukrainien ‘Débuts de l'urbanisme en Europe préhistorique: les méga-sites de Tryptillia’ basé à Nebelivka (ou ‘Nebilivka’) ainsi que du projet ukraino-allemand ‘Economie, démographie et espace social des méga-sites de Trypillia’, basé à Taljanky (‘Talianki’), Maydanetske (‘Maidanetske’) et Dobrovody, de même que sur le site plus petit d'Apolianka. Translation by Isabelle Gerges.

Zusammenfassung

Seit 1971 wurden unter dem Einsatz der Luftbildarchäologie, von geomagnetischen Prospektionen und archäologischen Grabungen ukrainische und moldavische Tripolje-Großsiedlungen, deren Größe von mehreren hundert Hektar eine Herausforderung für jede Form der Archäologie darstellt, entschlüsselt. Können wir diesen ersten umfangreichen Einsatz moderner Methoden als erste Phase einer ‚Revolution’ in der Erforschung besagter Strukturen bezeichnen, erfolgt seit 2009 – teils Dank gemeinsamer ukrainisch-ausländischer Teams – in einer zweiten Phase des Einsatzes modernster Methoden ein nochmals erheblicher Wissensfortschritt. Erste Ergebnisse des anglo-ukrainischen Projektes ‚Früher Urbanismus im prähistorischen Europa: die Tripolje-Großsiedlungen’, das in Nebelivka tätig ist, und des ukrainisch-deutschen Projekts ‚Wirtschaft, Demographie und soziale Orginsation der Tripolje-Großsiedlungen’, das in Majdanetskoe, Taljanky und Dobrovody sowie auf dem kleineren Fundplatz Apoljanka tätig ist, verdeutlichen dies. Translation by Heiner Schwarzberg and Johannes Müller.

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Copyright
© John Chapman, Mikhail Yu Videiko, Duncan Hale, Bisserka Gaydarska, Natalia Burdo, Knut Rassmann, Carsten Mischka, Johannes Müller, Aleksey Korvin-Piotrovskiy & Volodymyr Kruts 2014 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits noncommercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
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