Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Responding through transposition: public Euroskepticism and European policy implementation

  • Christopher J. Williams (a1)
Abstract

Do public attitudes concerning the European Union affect the speed with which member states transpose European directives? It is posited in this article that member state governments do respond to public attitudes regarding the EU when transposing European directives. Specifically, it is hypothesized that member state governments slow transposition of directives when aggregate public Euroskepticism is greater. This expectation is tested using extended Cox proportional hazard modeling and data derived from the EU’s legislative archives, the official journals of EU member states, and the Eurobarometer survey series. It is found that member state governments do slow transposition in response to higher aggregate public Euroskepticism. These findings have important implications for the study of European policy implementation, as well as for our understanding of political responsiveness in the EU.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*E-mail: christopher.williams@mzes.uni-mannheim.de
References
Hide All
Adams, J., Haupt, A.B. and Stoll, H. (2009), ‘What moves parties? The role of public opinion and global economic conditions in Western Europe’, Comparative Political Studies 42(5): 611639.
Adams, J., Clark, M., Ezrow, L. and Glasgow, G. (2004), ‘Understanding change and stability in party ideologies: do parties respond to public opinion or to past election results?’, British Journal of Political Science 34(4): 589610.
Adams, J., Clark, M., Ezrow, L. and Glasgow, G. (2006), ‘Are niche parties fundamentally different from mainstream parties? The cause and the electoral consequences of Western European parties’ policy shits, 1976-1998’, American Journal of Political Science 50(3): 513529.
Bartle, J., Dellepiane-Avellaneda, S. and Stimson, J.A. (2011), ‘The moving centre: preferences for government activity in Britain, 1950–2005’, British Journal of Political Science 41(2): 259285.
Berglund, S. (2009), Putting politics into perspective: a study of the implementation of EU public utilities directives. PhD thesis. Utrecht: University of Utrecht.
Berglund, S., Gange, I. and van Waarden, F. (2006), ‘Mass production of law. Routinization in the transposition of European directives: a sociological-institutional account’, Journal of European Public Policy 13(5): 692716.
Bevan, S. and Jennings, W. (2014), ‘Representation, agendas, and institutions’, European Journal of Political Research 53(1): 3756.
Bølstad, J. (2015), ‘Dynamics of European integration: public opinion in the core and the periphery’, European Union Politics 16(1): 2344.
Borghetto, E., Franchino, F. and Giannetti, D. (2006), ‘Complying with the transposition deadline of EU directives: evidence from Italy’, Rivista Italiana di Politiche Pubbliche 1(1): 738.
Börzel, T.A. (2001), ‘Non-compliance in the European Union: pathology or statistical artifact’, Journal of European Public Policy 8(5): 803824.
Börzel, T.A. and Risse, T. (2003), ‘Conceptualising the domestic impact of Europe’, in K. Featherstone and C. Radaelli (eds), The Politics of Europeanization, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 5782.
Box-Steffensmeier, J.M. and Jones, B.S. (2004), Event History Modeling: A Guide for Social Scientists, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Braun, D., Mikhaylov, S. and Schmitt, H. (2010), European Parliament Election Study 2009, Manifesto Study, Cologne: GESIS Data Archive.
Canes-Wrone, B. and Shotts, K.W. (2004), ‘The conditional nature of presidential responsiveness to public opinion’, American Journal of Political Science 48(4): 690706.
Canes-Wrone, B., Herron, M.C. and Shotts, K.W. (2001), ‘Leadership and pandering: a theory of executive policymaking’, American Journal of Political Science 45(3): 532550.
Casillas, C.J., Enns, P.K. and Wohlfarth, P.C. (2011), ‘How public opinion constrains the U.S. supreme court’, American Journal of Political Science 55(1): 7488.
Dahl, R.A. (1971), Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
de Wilde, P. (2012), ‘Politicisation of the EU budget: conflict and the constraining dissensus’, West European Politics 35(5): 10751094.
Dimitrova, A. and Rhinard, M. (2005), ‘The power of norms in the transposition of EU directives’, European Integration Online Papers 9(16): 122.
Erikson, R.S., Wright, G.C. and McIver, J.P. (1993), Statehouse Democracy: Public Opinion and Policy in the American States, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Erikson, R.S., MacKuen, M.B. and Stimson, J.A. (2002), ‘Public opinion and policy: causal flow in a macro system model’, in J. Manza, F.L. Cook and B.I. Page (eds), Navigating Public Opinion: Polls, Policy, and the Future of American Democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 3352.
Ferejohn, J. (1986), ‘Incumbent performance and electoral control’, Public Choice 50: 525.
Franklin, M. and Wlezien, C. (1997), ‘The responsive public: issue salience, policy change, and preferences for European unification’, Journal of Theoretical Politics 9(3): 347363.
Hakhverdian, A. (2012), ‘The causal flow between public opinion and policy: government responsiveness, leadership, or counter movement?’, West European Politics 35(6): 13861406.
Hobolt, S.B. and Klemmensen, R. (2005), ‘Responsive government? Public opinion and policy preferences in Britain and Denmark’, Political Studies 53(2): 379402.
Hobolt, S.B. and Klemmensen, R. (2008), ‘Government responsiveness and political competition in comparative perspective’, Comparative Political Studies 41(3): 309337.
Hooghe, L. and Marks, G. (2009), ‘A postfunctionalist theory of European integration: from permissive consensus to constraining dissensus’, British Journal of Political Science 39(1): 123.
Hutter, S. and Grande, E. (2014), ‘Politicizing Europe in the national electoral arena: a comparative analysis of five west European countries, 1970-2010’, Journal of Common Market Studies 52(5): 10021018.
Jacobs, L.R. (1993), The Health of Nations: Public Opinion and the Making of American and British Health Policy, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Jones, B.D. (1994), Reconceiving Decision-Making in Democratic Politics, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Kaeding, M. (2006), ‘Determinants of transposition delay in the European Union’, Journal of Public Policy 26(3): 229253.
Kaeding, M. (2008), ‘Lost in translation or full steam ahead: the transposition of EU transport directives across member states’, European Union Politics 9(1): 115143.
Klingemann, H.D., Volkens, A., Bara, J.L., Budge, I. and McDonald, M. (2006), Mapping Policy Preferences II: Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, European Union, and OECD, 1990–2003, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Knill, C. and Lenschow, A. (1998), ‘Coping with Europe: the impact of British and German administrations on the implementation of EU environmental policy’, Journal of European Public Policy 5(4): 595615.
König, T. and Luetgert, B. (2009), ‘Troubles with transposition: explaining trends in member-state notification and delayed transposition of EU directives’, British Journal of Political Science 39(1): 163194.
Lampinen, R. and Uusikylä, P. (1998), ‘Implementation deficit – why member states do not comply with EU directives’, Scandinavian Political Studies 21(3): 231251.
Lowe, W., Benoit, K., Mikhaylov, S. and Laver, M. (2011), ‘Scaling policy preferences from coded political texts’, Legislative Studies Quarterly 36(1): 123155.
Mair, P. (2009), ‘Representative versus responsible government’. MPIfG Working Paper No. 09/8, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Mannheim, Germany. Retrieved 20 April 2016 from http://www.mpifg.de/pu/workpap/wp09-8.pdf
Mair, P. and Thomasson, J. (2010), ‘Political representation and government in the European Union’, Journal of European Public Policy 17(1): 2035.
Manza, J. and Cook, F.L. (2002), ‘A democratic polity? Three views of policy responsiveness to public opinion in the United States’, American Politics Research 30(6): 630667.
Mastenbroek, E. (2003), ‘Surviving the deadline: the transposition of EU directives in the Netherlands’, European Union Politics 4(4): 371395.
Mbaye, A.D. (2001), ‘Why national states comply with supranational law’, European Union Politics 2(3): 259281.
Meijers, M.J. (2015), ‘Contagious Euroscepticism: the impact of Eurosceptic support on mainstream party positions on European integration’, Party Politics, doi:10.1177/1354068815601787.
Miller, W.E. and Stokes, D.E. (1963), ‘Constituency influence in congress’, American Political Science Review 57(1): 4556.
Page, B.I. and Shapiro, R.Y. (1983), ‘Effects of public opinion on policy’, American Political Science Review 77(1): 175190.
Pitkin, H.F. (1967), The Concept of Representation, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Powell, G.B. Jr (2000), Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and Proportional Visions, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Soroka, S.N. and Wlezien, C. (2004), ‘Opinion representation and policy feedback: Canada in comparative perspective’, Canadian Journal of Political Science 37(3): 531559.
Soroka, S.N. and Wlezien, C. (2005), ‘Opinion-policy dynamics: public preferences and public expenditure in the UK’, British Journal of Political Science 35: 665689.
Soroka, S.N. and Wlezien, C. (2010), Degrees of Democracy: Politics, Public Opinion, and Policy, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Spoon, J. and Klüver, H. (2014), ‘Do parties respond? How electoral context influences party responsiveness’, Electoral Studies 35: 4860.
Stimson, J.A., MacKuen, M.B. and Erikson, R.S. (1995), ‘Dynamic representation’, American Political Science Review 89(3): 543565.
Steunenberg, B. and Kaeding, M. (2009), ‘“As time goes by”: explaining the transposition of maritime directives’, European Journal for Political Research 48(3): 432454.
Steunenberg, B. and Rhinard, M. (2010), ‘The transposition of European law in EU member states: between process and politics’, European Political Science Review 2(3): 495520.
Taggart, P. and Szczerbiak, A. (2004), ‘Contemporary Euroscepticism in the party systems of the European Union candidate states of Central and Eastern Europe’, European Journal of Political Research 43(1): 127.
Tallberg, J. (2002), ‘Paths to compliance: enforcement, management, and the European Union’, International Organization 56(3): 609643.
Thomson, R. (2007), ‘Time to comply: national responses to six EU labour market directives revisited’, West European Politics 30(5): 9871008.
Thomson, R. (2009), ‘Same effects in different worlds: the transposition of EU directives’, Journal of European Public Policy 16(1): 118.
Thomson, R., Torenvlied, R. and Arregui, J. (2007), ‘The paradox of compliance: infringements and delays in transposing European Union directives’, British Journal of Political Science 37: 685709.
Toshkov, D. (2007), ‘Transposition of EU social policy in the new member states’, Journal of European Social Policy 17(4): 335348.
Toshkov, D. (2008), ‘Embracing European law: compliance with EU directives in central and Eastern Europe’, European Union Politics 9(3): 379402.
Toshkov, D. (2011), ‘Public opinion and policy output in the European Union: a lost relationship’, European Union Politics 12(2): 169191.
Van de Wardt, M. (2015), ‘Desperate needs, desperate deeds: why mainstream parties respond to the issues of niche parties’, West European Politics 38(1): 93122.
van Elsas, E. and van der Brug, W. (2015), ‘The changing relationship between left-right ideology and Euroscepticism, 1973-2010’, European Union Politics 16(2): 194215.
Volkens, A., Lehmann, P., Matthiess, T., Merz, N., Regel, S. and Werner, A. (2015), The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR). Version 2015a, Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB).
Williams, C.J. (2016), ‘Issuing reasoned opinions: the effect of public attitudes towards the EU on the usage of the “early warning system”’, European Union Politics, doi:10.1177/1465116516633301.
Williams, C.J. and Spoon, J. (2015), ‘Differentiated party response: the effect of Euroskeptic public opinion on party positions’, European Union Politics 16(2): 176193.
Wlezien, C. (1995), ‘The public as thermostat: dynamics of preference for spending’, American Journal of Political Science 39(4): 9811000.
Wlezien, C. (2004), ‘Patterns of representation: dynamics of public preferences and policy’, Journal of Politics 66(1): 124.
Wlezien, C. and Soroka, S. (2012), ‘Political institutions and the opinion-policy link’, West European Politics 35(6): 14071432.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

European Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 1755-7739
  • EISSN: 1755-7747
  • URL: /core/journals/european-political-science-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed