Popper, K.R. (1959) In: L. Donskis (1998) The conspiracy theory, demonization of the other. Innovation, 11(3), p. 281.
Heathershaw, J. (2012) Of national fathers and Russian elder brothers: conspiracy theories and political ideas in post-Soviet Central Asia. The Russian Review, 71(4), p. 612.
Shlapentokh, V. (1998) Fear of the future in the modern world: a Russian case. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 39(2), p. 161.
Andrew, C. and Elkner, J. (2003) Stalin and foreign intelligence. Totalitarian Moments and Political Religions, 4(1), p. 72. For an account of similar measures undertaken by OGPU in the late 1920s see V.M. Cherbakov et al. (Eds) (1977) Istoriya sovetskikh organov gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (Moscow), p. 215.
Dejong-Lambert, W. (2009) From eugenics to Lysenkoism: the evolution of Stanislaw Skowron. Historical Studies in the Natural Science, 39(3), pp. 269–270; see also A.J. Wolfe (2010) What does it mean to go public? The American response to Lysenkoism, reconsidered. Historical Studies in the Natural Science, 40(1), p. 49.
Krementsov, N. (1997) Stalinist Science (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).
Eggert, K. (2012) Russian power, Russian weakness. Policy Review, 172(April/May), p. 33.
Laqueur, W. (2010) Moscow’s modernization dilemma: is Russia charting a new foreign policy? Foreign Affairs, 89(6), p. 157.
Sakwa, R. (2012) Conspiracy narratives as a mode of engagement in international politics: the case of the 2008 Russo-Georgian war. The Russian Review, 71(4), p. 586.
Putin, V. (2007) Interview with Time Magazine, presidential website, 19 December, in Johnson’s Russia List, 260, 20 December. Available at http://www.cdi.org/russia/johnson (accessed December 2007).
Evans, A.B. (2007) The Economist, p. 640. In: A.B. Evans (2008) Putin’s Legacy and Russia’s Identity, Europe-Asia Studies, p. 905.
15.Nashi (Ours) – ‘Youth Democratic Anti-Fascist Movement’ is a political youth movement in Russia which declares itself to be a democratic, anti-fascist, anti-oligarchic-capitalist movement. Its creation was encouraged by senior figures in the Russian Presidential administration, and, by late 2007, it had grown in size to some 120,000 members aged between 17 and 25. Critics have compared it to the Soviet Komsomol and Hitler Youth.
Horvath, R. (2011) Putin’s ‘Preventive counter-revolution’: post-Soviet authoritarianism and the spectre of velvet revolution. Europe-Asia Studies, 63(1), p. 2.
17.CIS is a regional organization whose participating countries are former Soviet Republics, formed during the breakup of the Soviet Union.
Blagov, S. (2005) Karimov travels to Moscow, discusses Andijan ‘Terrorism’ with Putin. Eurasia Daily Monotor. 30 June.
Ortmann, S. and Heathershaw, J. (2012) Conspiracy theories in the post-Soviet space. The Russian Review, 71(4), p. 561.
Tuathail, G. (2009) Placing blame: making sense of Beslan. Political Geography, 28, p. 7.
(2004) President Putin addressed the Russian nation on television, 4 September. M.H. Van Herpen (2013) Putinism: The Slow Rise of a Radical Right Regime in Russia (New York: Palgrave Macmillan), p. 60.
Monaghan, A. (2008) ‘An enemy at the gates’ or ‘from victory to victory’? Russian foreign policy. International Affairs, 84(4), pp. 719–720.
Sidorenko, A. (2004) Zhizn′ otdannaia sluzheniiu Otechestvu. Spetsnaz Rossii no. 6. Available at: http://www.specnaz.ru/article/?522. J. Fedor (2011) Chekists look back on the Cold War: the polemical literature. Intelligence and National Security, 26(6), p. 845.
25.In this context, the adjective Chekist (from Cheka, the first Soviet secret police organization) emphasizes the importance and political power of Cheka and its successor Soviet and Russian secret police services, such as the NKVD, KGB and FSB.
Bukovskii, V. (1996) Moskovskii protsess (Paris and Moskow: Russkaia mysl′ and MIK). J. Fedor (2011) Chekists look back on the Cold War: the polemical literature. Intelligence and National Security, 26(6), p. 857.
Stavitskii, V. (2011) ‘Kak sozdavalas′ eta kniga’. In: Tainoe stanovitsia yavnym. TsOS FSB upolnomochen zaiavit′ (Moscow: LG Informeishn Grup, GELEOS and Izdatel’stvo AST 2000). J. Fedor (2011) Chekists look back on the Cold War: the polemical literature. Intelligence and National Security, 26(6), p. 862.
Storch, L. (2013) The C case: anti-Westernism in the paradigm of the Beilis trial. Russian Politics and Law, 51(6), p. 8.
Yablokov, I. (2014) Pussy Riot as agent provocateur: conspiracy theories and the media construction of nation in Putin’s Russia. Russian and East European Studies. The University of Manchester, Manchester, 42(4), p. 631.
Anderson, J. (2007) Putin and the Russian Orthodox Church: asymmetric symphonia? Journal of International Affairs, 61(1), p. 189.
Kates, G. and Butorin, P. (2014) Russian professor explains media manipulation. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 16 April, p. 1.
Kara-Murza, V.V. (2013) Kremlin crooks: Putin’s ‘patriotic’ hypocrites. World Affairs, July-August, p. 57.
34.The law is named after the 37-year-old Russian lawyer Sergei Magnitsky, who was prosecuted and arrested by the same officials he had accused of masterminding a $230 million tax fraud scheme. He died in a Moscow prison in 2009.
Conquest, R. ( 2008) The Great Terror: A Reassessment (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Courtoise, S. (1999) The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press).