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  • Cited by 7
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Reybrouck, Mark and Brattico, Elvira 2015. Neuroplasticity beyond Sounds: Neural Adaptations Following Long-Term Musical Aesthetic Experiences. Brain Sciences, Vol. 5, Issue. 1, p. 69.

    Rickard, N. S. and Vella-Brodrick, D. A. 2014. Changes in Well-Being: Complementing a Psychosocial Approach with Neurobiological Insights. Social Indicators Research, Vol. 117, Issue. 2, p. 437.

    Anderson, Helen 2012. Crossing the Line: The Early Expression of Pattern in Middle Stone Age Africa. Journal of World Prehistory, Vol. 25, Issue. 3-4, p. 183.

    Nava, Elena and Röder, Brigitte 2011. Enhancing Performance for Action and Perception - Multisensory Integration, Neuroplasticity and Neuroprosthetics, Part I.

    PARASKEVOPOULOS, EVANGELOS TSAPKINI, KYRANA and PERETZ, ISABELLE 2010. Cultural aspects of music perception: Validation of a Greek version of the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusias. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Vol. 16, Issue. 04, p. 695.

    Johansson, Barbro B. 2008. Language and Music: What do they have in Common and how do they Differ? A Neuroscientific Approach. European Review, Vol. 16, Issue. 04, p. 413.

    Johansson, Barbro B. 2006. Cultural and linguistic influence on brain organization for language and possible consequences for dyslexia: A review. Annals of Dyslexia, Vol. 56, Issue. 1, p. 13.


Music and brain plasticity

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 03 January 2006

Complex and widespread activation in many brain areas is seen while performing, listening or mentally imaging music, activity that varies with training, previous exposure, personal preference, emotional involvement and many other factors. Playing a musical instrument demands extensive motor and cognitive abilities, and early musical learning results in plastic reorganization of the developing brain – one example being the increased cortical representation area for the left little finger in (right-handed) string-players, which correlates with age at the start of training. Even though the developing brain has the most pronounced changes, the adult healthy brain has a considerable plasticity. Conductors have superior spatial tuning compared with non-musicians and pianists. Attentive listening to music for as little as three hours can temporarily alter the auditory cortex. Interactions between genetic predisposition, environment and training play a role in music as in other areas. It has been proposed that musical training may improve other cognitive functions. There is some evidence that this may be the case but it is an area that needs further exploration.

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European Review
  • ISSN: 1062-7987
  • EISSN: 1474-0575
  • URL: /core/journals/european-review
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