Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-x5gtn Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-25T14:52:58.647Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TRENDS IN A RICE–WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM UNDER LONG-TERM USE OF CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 March 2001

R. L. YADAV
Affiliation:
Project Directorate for Cropping Systems Research, Modipuram, Meerut-250 110, India

Abstract

A long-term fertilizer experiment was conducted on the rice–wheat cropping system at four locations in India. Trends in partial factor productivity of applied nitrogen, benefit : cost ratio of fertilizer application, grain yield, changes in soil organic carbon, and available nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) were studied in control (N0P0K0), N (N120P0K0), NP (N120P80K0), NK (N120P0K40) and NPK (N120P80K40) fertilizer treatments. On average at all locations, continuous rice–wheat cropping for 16 years decreased the yield of rice by 57% in unfertilized plots and by 32% in plots receiving nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. Over the same period wheat yields only declined in unfertilized plots by 18%; in plots receiving nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium yields increased by 18% and they increased by 33.6% in plots receiving nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer. Partial factor productivity of applied nitrogen (the ratio of output value to the cost of a specific input) exhibited similar trends. Profit from fertilizer application, however, increased over the 16-year cycle by 130% in rice and by 262% in wheat in the treatment given nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers. The long-term rice–wheat cropping system became depleted in soil organic carbon and available nitrogen and phosphorus at two locations but increased in organic carbon, available nitrogen and potassium at the third location. The available phosphorus and potassium content of the soil also increased at the fourth location.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 1998 Cambridge University Press

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)