Hostname: page-component-7d684dbfc8-2bg86 Total loading time: 0.001 Render date: 2023-09-28T12:19:49.230Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForArticlePurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForBookPurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForElementPurchase": false, "coreUseNewShare": true, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 July 2009

Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009, Australia
Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture (CLIMA), University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley WA 6009, Australia
Corresponding author:


Conflict is the most common cause of food insecurity. Foreign aid to countries emerging from conflict often allows a funded but brief window for the confirmation-testing and diffusion of agricultural innovation in affected areas. This paper asks the question: what lessons has agricultural research learned through its involvement in this process in countries emerging from conflict? Drawing on experience from Afghanistan and other countries, this paper documents some cases in which it has been possible to inject an element of simple hypothesis testing, often in farmer-managed trials, into post-conflict plans leading to useful lessons. Agricultural researchers need to be cognizant of this approach so that the practice becomes more widely used and lessons recorded for future use.

Research Article
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2009

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Bishaw, Z. and van Gastel, A. J. G. (2009) ICARDA's seed-delivery approach in less favorable areas through village-based seed enterprises: conceptual and organizational issues. Journal of New Seeds 9: 6888.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buruchara, R. A., Sperling, L., Ewell, P., and Kirkby, R. A. (2002). The role of research institutions in seed-related disaster relief: Seeds of Hope experiences in Rwanda. Disasters 26: 288301.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Christoplos, I. (2007). Narratives of rehabilitation in Afghan agricultural interventions. In Reconstructing Agriculture in Afghanistan, 165187 (Eds Pain, A. and Sutton, J.). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Rome) and Practical Action.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
da Costa, H., Piggin, C., Fox, J., and da Cruz, C. J. (2003). Agriculture: New directions for a new nation – East Timor (Timor Leste). In Proceedings of Workshop 1–3 October 2002, Dili, East Timor. ACIAR Proceedings No. 113.Google Scholar
de Soysa, I., Gleditsch, N. P., Gibson, M. and Sollenberg, M. (1999). To cultivate peace: agriculture in a world of conflict. Environmental Change & Security Project Report 5: 1525.Google Scholar
Dominguez, C., Gouveia, S., Cuna, J., Gasparini, S. and Hald, B. (2004). Seed relief in Mozambique: review of recent interventions. In Towards Effective and Sustainable Seed Relief Activities: Report on the workshop on effective and sustainable seed relief activities, (Eds Sperling, L., Osborn, T., and Cooper, H.D.) 2628 May 2003 FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 181 Rome, FAOP 7782.Google Scholar
FAO (1996). Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Summit Plan of Action. Rome, Italy: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.Google Scholar
FAO (2000). The State of Food and Agriculture 2000. Rome, Italy: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.Google Scholar
FAO (2005). Assessment of the World Food Security Situation. Rome, Italy: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.Google Scholar
ICARDA (2005). ICARDA Annual Report. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria.Google Scholar
Longley, K., Christoplos, I. and Slaymaker, T. (2006). Agricultural rehabilitation: Mapping the linkages between humanitarian relief, social protection and development. HPG Report 22.Google Scholar
Longley, K., Christoplos, I., Slaymaker, T. and Mesake, M. (2007). Rural recovery in fragile states: agricultural support in countries emerging from conflict. Natural Resource Perspectives 105.Google Scholar
Nesbitt, H. J. (ed.) (1997). Rice Production in Cambodia. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines.Google Scholar
Remington, T., Maroko, J., Walsh, S., Omanga, P. and Charles, E. (2002). Getting off the seeds-and-tools treadmill with CRS seed vouchers and fairs. Disasters 26: 316328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sperling, L., (1997). The effects of the Rwanda war on crop production and varietal diversity: a comparison of two crops. In War and Crop Diversity. AgREN Network Paper 75 (Ed. Sperling, L.).Google Scholar
Sperling, L., Cooper, H. D. and Remington, T. (2008). Moving toward more effective seed aid. Journal of Development Studies 44: 586612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thomson, E., Barker, T. and Mueller, J. (2003). Drought, livestock losses and the potential for feed production from arable land in Afghanistan: a case study of 183 villages with mixed crop/livestock farming systems. Integrated Natural Resource Management Research Report Series, No. 5. ICARDA, Syria.Google Scholar
Zaur, I. (2006). Agriculture and conflict: a conceptual framework for development. MA thesis, Tufts University, USA.Google Scholar