Almekinders, C. J. M. and Elings, A. (2001). Collaboration of farmers and breeders: participatory crop improvement in perspective. Euphytica 122:425–438.
Bautista, E. U. (1999). Drum Seeder Technology for Rice Farmers. PCARRD Book Series No. 169.
Bhatia, V. S., Singh, P., Wani, S. P., Chauhan, G. S., Kesava Rao, A. V. R., Mishra, A. K. and Srinivas, K. (2008). Analysis of potential yields and yield gaps of rainfed soybean in India using CROPGRO-soybean model. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 148:1252–1265.
Bindraban, P. S., Stoorvogel, J. J., Jansen, D. M., Vlaming, J. and Groot, J. J. R. (2000). Land quality indicators for sustainable land management: proposed method for yield gap and soil nutrient balance. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 81 (2):103–112.
Bingxin, Y. and Xinshen, D. (2011, March). Cambodia's agricultural strategy: future development options for the rice sector. Policy Discussion Paper, International Food Policy Research Insitute, Washington.
Boote, K. J., Jones, J. W. and Pickering, N. B. (1996). Potential uses and limitations of crop models. Agronomy Journal 88 (5):704–716.
Bouman, B. and Vanlaar, H. (2006). Description and evaluation of the rice growth model ORYZA2000 under nitrogen-limited conditions. Agricultural Systems 87 (3):249–273.
Carberry, P. S., Hochman, Z. and McCown, R. L. (2002). The FARMSCAPE approach to decision support: farmers', advisers', researchers', monitoring, simulation, communication and performance evaluation. Agricultural Systems 74:141–177.
Carberry, P., Gladwin, C. and Twomlow, S. (2004). Linking simulation modelling to participatory research in smallholder farming systems. In Modelling Nutrient Management in Tropical Cropping Systems. ACIAR Proceedings No. 114, ACIAR, Canberra, 32–46 (Eds. Delve, R. J. and Probert, M. E.).
Carberry, P. S., Hochman, Z., Hunt, J. R., Dalgliesh, N. P., McCown, R. L., Whish, J. P. M., Robertson, M. J., Foale, M. A., Poulton, P. L. and Van Rees, H. (2009). Re-inventing model-based decision support with Australian dryland farmers. 3. Relevance of APSIM to commercial crops. Crop and Pasture Science 60:1044–1056.
Dalgliesh, N. P. and Foale, M. A. (1998). Soil Matters – Monitoring Soil Water and Nitrogen in Dryland Farming. Toowoomba, QLD, Australia: Agricultural Production Systems Research Unit. ISBN: 0-643-06375-7.
Donald, C. M. and Hamblin, J. (1976). The biological yield and harvest index of cereals as agronomic and plant breeding criteria. Advances in Agronomy 28:361–405.
Dunn, B. and Beecher, H.. (1994). Green manuring legume pasture for aerial-sown rice. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 34:967–975.
Fukai, S. (1999). Phenology in rainfed lowland rice. Field Crops Research 64:51–60.
Gaydon, D. S., Probert, M. E., Buresh, R. J., Meinke, H., Suriadi, A., Dobermann, A., Bouman, B.et al. (2012). Rice in cropping systems – modelling transitions between flooded and non-flooded soil environments. European Journal of Agronomy 39:9–24.
Hay, R. K. M. (1995). Harvest index: a review of its use in plant breeding and crop physiology. Annals of Applied Biology 126:197–216.
Horie, T., Ohnishi, M., Angus, J. F., Lewin, L. G., Tsukaguchi, T. and Matano, T. (1997). Physiological characteristics of high-yielding rice inferred from cross-location experiments. Field Crops Research 52:55–67.
Islam, M. S., Peng, S., Vispera, R. M., Sultan, M., Bhuyia, U., Hossain, S. M. Altaf and Julfiquar, A. W. (2010). Comparative study on yield and yield attributes of hybrid, inbred and NPT rice genotypes in a tropic irrigated ecosystem. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 35 (2):343–353.
Keating, B. A., Carberry, P. S., Hammer, G. L., Probert, M. E., Robertson, M. J., Holzworth, D., Huth, N. I. and Hargreaves, J. N. G. (2003). An overview of APSIM, a model designed for farming systems simulation. European Journal of Agronomy 18:267–288.
Kropff, M. J., van Laar, H. H. and Mathews, R. B. (eds) (1994). ORYZA1, an ecophysiological model for irrigated rice production. In SARP Research Proceedings, International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines and AB-DLO, TPE-WAU, Wageningen, the Netherlands, 110 pp.
Lobell, D. B., Cassman, K. G. and Field, C. B. (2009). Crop yield gaps: their importance, magnitudes, and causes. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 34:179–204.
Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries, Cambodia (MAFF). (2011). Agricultural Statistics. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Department of Planning, Statistics and International Cooperation.
Ntanos, D. and Koutroubas, S. (2002). Dry matter and N accumulation and translocation for Indica and Japonica rice under Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Research 74 (1):93–101.
Ockerby, S. E. and Fukai, S. (2001). The management of rice grown on raised beds with continuous furrow irrigation. Field Crops Research 69:215–226.
Pathak, H., Ladha, J. K., Aggarwal, P. K., Peng, S., Das, S., Singh, Y., Singh, B., Kamra, S. K., Mishra, B., Sastri, A. S. R. A. S., Aggarwal, H. P., Das, D. K. and Gupta, R. K. (2003). Trends of climatic potential and on-farm yields of rice and wheat in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. Field Crops Research 80 (3):30.
Penning de Vries, F. W. T. (1977). Evaluation of simulation models in agriculture and biology; conclusion of a workshop. Agricultural System 1:99–107.
Probert, M. E., Keating, B. K, Thompson, J. P. and Parton, W. J. (1995). Modelling water, nitrogen, and crop yield for a long-term fallow management experiment. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 35:941–950.
Sarom, M., Chaudhary, R. C., Javier, E., Makara, O., Sophany, S., Yadana, H., Hel, P. K., LeangHak, K., Sidhu, G. S., Sovith, S., Puthea, S., Sopheap, U. and Visarto, P. (2001). Description of Rice Varieties Released by Varietal Recommendation Committee of Cambodia (1990–2000). Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development Institute.
Sinclair, T. R. (1998). Historical changes in harvest index and crop nitrogen accumulation. Crop Science 38 (3):638–643.
Sing, U., Ladha, J. K., Castillo, E. G., Punzalan, G., Tirol-Padre, A. and Duqueza, M. (1998). Geotypic variation in nitrogen use efficiency in medium- and long-duration rice. Field Crops Research 58:35–53.
Swain, D. K., Herath, S., Bhaskar, B. C., Krishnan, P., Rao, K. S., Nayak, S. K. and Dash, R. N. (2007). Developing ORYZA 1N for Medium- and Long-Duration Rice. Agronomy Journal 99:428–440.
Timsina, J. and Humphreys, E. (2006). Performance of CERES-rice and CERES-wheat models in rice–wheat systems: a review. Agricultural Systems 90 (1–3):5–31.
Tsubo, M., Fukai, S., Tuong, T. P. and Ouk, M. (2007). A water balance model for rainfed lowland rice fields emphasising lateral water movement with a toposequence. Ecological Modelling 204:503–515.
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). (2010). CAMBODIA: Future Growth Rate of Rice Production. Foreign Agricultural Service, Commodity Intelligence Report, January 26.
Van Ittersum, M. K., Cassman, K. G., Grassini, P., Wolf, J., Tittonell, P. and Hochman, Z. (2013). Yield gap analysis with local to global relevance – a review. Field Crops Research 143:4–17.
Whitbread, A. M., Robertson, M. J., Carberry, P. S. and Dimes, J. P. (2010). How farming systems simulation can aid the development of more sustainable smallholder farming systems in southern Africa. European Journal of Agronomy 32 (1):51–58.
White, P. F., Oberthur, T. and Sovuthy, P. (eds). (1997). The Soils Used for Rice Production in Cambodia. A Manual for Their Identification and Management. International Rice Research Institute Report. ISBN 971-22-0094-9.
Yang, J. and Zhang, J.. (2010). Crop management techniques to enhance harvest index in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany, 61 (12):3177–3189.
Yoshida, S. (1972). Physiological aspects of grain yield. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 23:437–464.