Skip to main content
×
Home

INTENSIFICATION PATHWAY FOR IMPROVEMENT OF SMALLHOLDER CASSAVA PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN SOUTHERN CÔTE D'IVOIRE

  • JEAN-BAPTISTE GNÉLIÉ GNAHOUA (a1) (a2) (a3), DJÉTCHI JEAN BAPTISTE ETTIEN (a3), BONI N'ZUÉ (a4), CATHÉRINE EBAH (a5), BRAHIMA KONÉ (a3), STEFAAN DE NEVE (a6) and PASCAL BOECKX (a7)...
Summary
SUMMARY

In order to intensify cassava production in southern Côte d'Ivoire, multiple farmers’ field trials were carried out in two important cassava-producing areas (Dabou and Bingerville). The effectiveness of an Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) approach as intensification pathway was evaluated for poor sandy soils. Overall, ISFM-based systems outperformed the local cultivation system. The average cassava yield was 14.5 and 6.5 t ha−1 and 12.6 and 5.7 t ha−1 for the ISFM and traditional systems, in Dabou and Bingerville, respectively. The average profitability of ISFM systems was ca. 2500 Euro ha−1, whereby 66% was generated by cowpea intercrop, which yielded on average 3.1 t ha−1. Taking into account the limited farmer's resource endowment and poor soil fertility, ISFM is a crucial component for sustainable intensification of cassava production and poverty alleviate in southern Côte d'Ivoire.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author. Email: baptistegnelie@yahoo.fr
References
Hide All
Abd El-Baky M. M. H., Ahmed A. A., El-Nerm M. A. and Zaki M. F. (2010). Effect of potassium fertilizer and foliar zinc application on yield and quality of sweet potato. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6:386394.
Agwu A. E. and Anyaeche C. L. (2007). Adoption of improved cassava varieties in six rural communities in Anambra State, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 6:089098.
Amanullah M., Alagesan K., Vaiyapuri K., Sathyamoorthy K. and Pazhanivelan S. (2006). Effect of intercropping and manures on weed control and performance of cassava(Manihot esculenta Crantz). Journal of Agronomy 5:589594.
ANADER (Agence Nationale de Développement Rural). (2014). Bulletin d'information du programme de productivité agricole en Afrique de l'ouest (PPAAO/WAAPP) Côte d'Ivoire. No. 11, 8.
Anyaegbu P. O., Ezeibekwe I. O., Amaechi E. C. C. and Omaliko C. P. E. (2009). Cassava production systems improved with groundnut and poultry manure. Report and Opinion 2:2631.
Burns A., Gleadow R., Cliff J., Zacaria A. and Cavagnaro T. (2010). Cassava: the drought, war and famine crop in a changing world. Sustainability 2:35723607.
Cadavid L. F., El-Sharkawy M. A., Acosta A. and Sanchez T. (1998). Long-term effects of mulch, fertilization and tillage on cassava grown in sandy soils in north Colombia. Field Crops Research 57:4556.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations). (2014). FAOSTAT 2013. Accessed 20 November 2014. Available: http//www.fao.org.
Fasinmirin J. T. and Reichert J. M. (2011). Conservation tillage for cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) production in the tropics. Soil & Tillage Research 113:110.
Hahn S. K., Terry E. R. and Leuschner K. (1980). Breeding cassava for resistance to cassava mosaic disease. Euphytica 29:673683.
Howeler R. H. (1991). Long-term effect of cassava cultivation on soil productivity. Field Crops Research 26:118.
Iyagba A. G. (2010). A review on root and tuber crop production and their weed management among small scale farmers in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5:5258.
Leihner D. E., Rupenthal M., Hilger T. H. and Castillo J. A. (1996). Soil conservation effectiveness and crop productivity of forage legume intercropping, contour grass barriers and contour ridging in cassava on Andean hillsides. Experimental Agricultural 32:327338.
Nyi T., Mucheru-Muna M., Shisanya C., Lama J. P. L., Mutuo P. K., Pypers P. and Vanlauwe B. (2014). Effect of delayed cassava planting on yields and economic returns of a cassava-groundnut intercrop in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Agricultural Research 2:101108.
Pansu M. and Gautheyrou J. (2003). L'analyse du sol - Minéralogique, Organique et Minérale, 995, 2ème edn. Paris: Springer-Verlag.
Tittonell P. and Giller K. E. (2013). When yield gaps are poverty traps: the paradigm of ecological intensification in African smallholder agriculture. Field Crops Research 143:7690.
USS Working Group WRB. (2014). World reference base for soil resources 2014. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports. No. 106. FAO, Rome.
Vanlauwe B., Bationo A., Chianu J., Giller K. E., Merchx R., Mokwunye U., Ohiopkehai O., Pypers P., Tabo R., Shepherd K., Smaling E., Woomer P. L. and Sanginga N. (2010). Integrated soil fertility management-operational definition and consequence for implementation and dissemination. Outlook on Agricultural 39:1724.
Vanlauwe B., Coyne G., Gockowski J., Hauser S., Huising J., Masso C., Nziguheba G., Schut M. and Van Asten P. (2014). Sustainable intensification and the African smallholder farmer. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 8:1522.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Experimental Agriculture
  • ISSN: 0014-4797
  • EISSN: 1469-4441
  • URL: /core/journals/experimental-agriculture
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary Materials

Gnahoua supplementary material
Supplementary Table

 Word (84 KB)
84 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 44 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 287 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 11th December 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.