Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

On-Farm Assessment of Improved Crop Production Practices in Northwest Syria. I. Chickpea

  • M. Pala (a1) and A. Mazid (a1)
Summary
SUMMARY

Thirty on-farm trials were conducted in northwest Syria over a period of four seasons to examine the main effects and interaction of sowing date, sowing method, Rhizobium inoculation, phosphate application and weed control on chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Advancing the sowing date from spring or late winter to early winter resulted in substantial yield increases. The effects of Rhizobium inoculation were small and inconsistent. Chemical weed control significantly increased grain yield compared with the unweeded control treatment in winter-sown crops but was less effective than hand weeding. Phosphate application significantly increased yield in the first three seasons, the overall increase being 10%. Drilling chickpea seed gave an overall 10% increase in yield compared with the broadcast sowing commonly practised by farmers. There is no economic or environmental risk to the farmer in adopting the proposed practices either singly or in combination. However, the greatest gains in yield and net revenue are derived from a combination of early winter sowing, drilling, weeding and, where appropriate, phosphate application.

Copyright
References
Hide All
AASA (1987). The Annual Agricultural Statistical Abstract. Damascus, Syria: Department of Planning and Statistics Division of Agricultural Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform.
Bahn V. M. & Kukula S. (1987). Weeds and their control in chickpea. In The Chickpea, 319328 (Eds Saxena M. C. and Singh K. B.). Wallingford, UK: CAB and ICARDA.
Cooper P. J. M., Gregory P. J., Tully D. & Harris H. C. (1987). Improving water use efficiency of annual crops in the rainfed farming systems of West Asia and North Africa. Experimental Agriculture 23:113158.
FAO (1988). FAO Production Yearbook, Vol. 42. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization.
Harris H. C. & Pala M. (1987). Tillage and stubble management effect on soil conservation, crop establishment and yield, and economics of production. In Farm Resource Management Program Annual Report for 198–, 4169. Aleppo: Syria: ICARDA-131 En.
Hawtin G. C. (1975). The status of chickpea in the Middle East. In Proceedings of International Workshop on Grain Legumes, ICRISAT, 13–16 January 1975, 109116. Hyderabad, India: ICRISAT.
Hawtin G. C. & Singh K. B. (1984). Prospects and potential of winter sowing of chickpeas in the Mediterranean region. In Ascochyta Blight and Winter Sowing of Chickpeas, 716 (Eds Saxena M. C. and Singh K. B.). Aleppo, Syria: ICARDA.
ICARDA (1989). Meteorological Reports for ICARDA Experiment Stations in Syria: 1988/89 Season. Syria: ICARDA, Aleppo. (Not yet published).
Kassam A. H. (1981). Climate, soil and land resources in North Africa and West Asia. Plant and Soil 58:129.
Keatinge J. D. H. & Cooper P. J. M. (1983). Kabuli chickpea as a winter sown crop in N. Syria: Moisture relations and crop productivity. journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 100:667680.
Keatinge J. D. H. & Cooper P. J. M. (1984). Physiological and moisture-use studies on growth and development of winter-sowing chickpeas. In Proceedings of International Workshop on Ascochyta Blight and Winter Sowing of Chickpeas, ICARDA, 4–7 May 1981, 141157 (Eds Saxena M. C. and Singh K. B.). Aleppo, Syria: ICARDA.
Matar A. E., Saxena M. C. & Silim S. (1987). Soil test calibration for phosphorus with five food and forage legumes in Syria. In Proceedings of the 2nd Regional Workshop on Soil Test Calibration, ICARDA, 1–6 September 1987, Ankara, Turkey.
Osman A. E., Cocks P. S., Russi L. & Pagnotti M. A. (1991). Response of Mediterranean grassland to phosphate and stocking rates, biomass production and botanical composition. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 116:3746.
Rupela O. P. & Saxena M. C. (1987). Nodulation and nitrogen fixation in chickpea. In The Chickpea, 191206 (Eds Saxena M. C. and Singh K. B.). Wallingford, UK: CAB and ICARDA.
Saxena M. C. (1980). Recent advances in chickpea agronomy. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Chickpea Improvement, 28 February–2 March 1979, ICRISAT, Patancheru, Hyderabad, India, 8996.
Saxena M. C. (1987). Agronomy of chickpea. In The Chickpea, 207232 (Eds Saxena M. C. and Singh K. B.). Wallingford, UK: CAB and ICARDA.
Saxena M. C., Silim S. N. & Singh K. B. (1990). Effect of supplementary irrigation during reproductive growth on winter and spring chickpea (Cicer arietinum) in a Mediterranean environment. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 114:285293.
Solh M. B. & Pala M. (1988). Weed control in chickpea. Paper presented at seminar on present status and future of chickpea crop production in the Mediterranean countries, 1113 July, Zaragoza, Spain.
Steel R. G. D. & Torrie J. H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. Second edition. McGraw-Hill.
Tregubov P. S. (1981). Effective erosion control in the USSR. In Soil Conservation Problems and Prospects, 451459 (Ed. Morgan R. P. C.). Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Experimental Agriculture
  • ISSN: 0014-4797
  • EISSN: 1469-4441
  • URL: /core/journals/experimental-agriculture
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 103 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.