Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-768dbb666b-6zkrn Total loading time: 0.257 Render date: 2023-02-06T14:30:29.876Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Article contents

Effects of Aloe vera coatingon postharvest quality of tomato

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 March 2014

Mario A. García*
Pharm. Food Inst., Univ. Havana, St. 222 No. 2317, Havana, Cuba, ZC 13600.
Marisabel Ventosa
Pharm. Food Inst., Univ. Havana, St. 222 No. 2317, Havana, Cuba, ZC 13600.
Raúl Díaz
Pharm. Food Inst., Univ. Havana, St. 222 No. 2317, Havana, Cuba, ZC 13600.
Silvia Falco
Food Ind. Res. Inst., Carretera al Guatao km 3½, Havana, Cuba, ZC 19200
Alicia Casariego
Pharm. Food Inst., Univ. Havana, St. 222 No. 2317, Havana, Cuba, ZC 13600.
* Correspondence and reprints
Get access


Introduction. Edible coatings are traditionally used to improve food appearance and preservation. They act as barriers during processing, handling and storage, and do not solely retard food deterioration, enhancing its quality, but are safe due to natural biocide activity, or to the incorporation of antimicrobial compounds. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of A. vera, applied as an edible coating, on the changes in physicochemical parameters related to tomato fruit quality during storage in ambient conditions (22 °C and 80% RH), as well as its role in controlling microbial spoilage. Materials and methods. The changes in physical, chemical and textural properties of commercial tomato cv. Charleston were evaluated during a storage period of 17 days in ambient conditions according to their coating (treatments), or not (control), with an aqueous extract of pure A. vera or diluted (2:1) in distilled water. Results. The pure aqueous extract of Aloe vera totally inhibited the growth of Rhizoctonia solani and Alternaria alternata, while it did not show antimicrobial activity against Phytophthora parasitica. The diluted aqueous extract of Aloe vera coating maintained the quality of the tomatoes during storage in ambient conditions, delaying ripening, although it did not constitute an effective barrier against weight loss. Conclusion. Our fundamental results may be useful to breeders and postharvest technologists, as well as distributors, importers and exporters, in handling and processing tomatoes.

Original article
© 2014 Cirad/EDP Sciences

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Artés F., Artés-Hernández F., Tratamientos postrecolección del tomate fresco. Tendencias e Innovaciones, in: Namesny A. (Ed.), Tomates. Producción y comercio, Ed. Hortic. S.L. Reus, Spain, 2004.
Kader A.A., Modified atmospheres during transport and storage, in: Kader A.A. (Ed.), Postharvest technology of horticultural crops, Univ. Calif., U.S.A., 2000.
Escriche, A.J., Marín, J.G., Alteraciones de origen patológico en la postrecolección. III. Tomate, Phytoma 65 (1995) 2633.Google Scholar
Díaz, R., Casariego, A., Rodríguez, J., Martínez, A., García, M., Coberturas de quitosana como método de envasado activo en vegetales enteros y cortados, Cienc. Tecnol. Alim. 20 (2010) 3136.Google Scholar
Wilcock, A., Pun, M., Khanona, J., Aung, M., Consumer attitudes, knowledge and behaviour: a review of food safety issues, Trends Food Sci. Technol. 15 (2004) 5666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Aguiar, R.P., Miranda, M.R.A., Lima, A.M.P., Mosca, J.L., Moreira, R.A., Eneas, J., Effect of a galactomannan coating on mango postharvest physicochemical quality parameters and physiology, Fruits 66 (2011) 269278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
García, M., Películas y cubiertas de quitosana en la conservación de vegetales, Cienc. Tecnol. Alim. 18 (2008) 7176.Google Scholar
Cha, D.S., Chinnan, M., Biopolymer-based antimicrobial packaging: a review, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 44 (2004) 223237.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rodríguez, M., Ramos, V., Del Blanco, L., Agulló, E., Preservación de tomates con aplicación de capas de quitosano, Inf. Tecnol. 11 (2000) 2531.Google Scholar
Moore, E.D., MacAnalley, B.H., A drink containing mucilaginous polysaccharides and its preparation, U.S. Patent 5 (1995) 443, 830.Google Scholar
He, Q., Changhong, L., Kojo, E., Tian,, Z., Quality and safety assurance in the processing of Aloe vera gel juice, Food Control 16 (2005) 95104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, R.H., DiDonato, J.J., Hartman,, G.M., Haas, R.C., Anti-inflammatory and wound healing activity of a growth substance in Aloe vera, J. Am. Podiat. Med. Assoc. 84 (1994) 7781.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Grindlay, D., Reynolds, T., The Aloe vera phenomenon: A review of the properties and modern used of the leaf parenchyma gel, J. Ethnopharmacol. 16 (1986) 117151.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Heggers, J.P., Kucukcelebi, A., Listengarten, D., Stabenau, J., Ko, F., Broemeling, L.D., Beneficial effect of Aloe on wound healing in an excisional wound model, J. Altern. Complement. Med. 2 (1996) 271277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reynolds, T., Dweck,, A.C., Aloe vera leaf gel: a review update, J. Ethnopharmacol. 68 (1999) 337.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Yao, H., Chen, Y., Li, S., Huang, L., Chen, W., Lin, X., Promotion proliferation effect of a polysaccharide from Aloe barbadensis Miller on human fibroblasts in vitro, Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 45 (2009) 152156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, X.F., Wang, H.M., Song, Y.L., Nie, L.H., Wang, L.F., Liu, B., Shen, P.P., Liu, Y., Isolation, structure elucidation, antioxidative and immunomodulatory properties of two novel dihydrocoumarins from Aloe vera, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 16 (2006) 949953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yagi, A., Hamada, K., Mihashi, K., Harada, N., Nishioka, I., Structure determination of polysaccharides in Aloe saponaria (Hill) haw (Liliaceae), J. Pharmacol. Sci. 73 (2002) 6265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Serrano, M., Valverde, J.M., Guillén, F., Castillo, S., Martinez-Romero, D., Valero, D., Use of Aloe vera gel coating preserves the functional properties of table grapes, J. Agr. Food Chem. 54 (2006) 38823886.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martínez-Romero D., Serrano M., Valero D., Castillo S., Aplicación de Aloe vera como recubrimiento sobre frutas y hortalizas, Spain Patent 200302937, 2003.
Martínez-Romero, D., Alburquerque, N., Valverde, J.M., Guillén, F., Castillo,, S., Valero, D., Serrano, M., Postharvest sweet cherry quality and safety maintenance by Aloe vera treatment: a new edible coating, Postharvest Biol. Tecnol. 39 (2006) 93100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ahmed, M.J., Singh, Z., Khan, A.S., Postharvest Aloe vera gel-coating modulates fruit ripening and quality of ‘Arctic Snow’ nectarine kept in ambient and cold storage, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 44 (2009) 10241033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anon. Dep. Agric., United states standards for grades of fresh tomatoes, U.S. Dep. Agric. (USDA), Wash., D.C., U.S.A., 1991.
Wills R., McGlasson B., Graham D., Joyce, D., Introducción a la fisiología y manipulación poscosecha de frutas, hortalizas y plantas ornamentales, 2nd ed., Acribia, Zaragoza, Spain, 1998, 240 p.
Anon., Productos de frutas y vegetales. Determinación del pH, NC-ISO 1842, Of. Nac. Normal., La Habana, Cuba, 2001.
Anon., Productos de frutas y vegetales. Determinación de la acidez valorable, NC-ISO 750, Of. Nac. Normal., La Habana, Cuba, 2001.
Anon., Productos de frutas y vegetales. Determinación del contenido de sólidos solubles. Método refractométrico, NC-ISO 2173, Of. Nac. Normal., La Habana, Cuba, 2001.
Hayakawa, M., Deman, J., Interpretation of cone penetrometer consistency measurements of fats, J. Texture Stud. 13 (1982) 201210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Anon., Official methods of analysis, 17th ed., in: Horwitz W. (Ed.), Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. (AOAC), Wash., DC., U.S.A., 2003.
Anon., STATSOFT. Statistics for Windows: release 5.1, Tulsa, U.S.A., 1998.
Jasso de Rodríguez, D., Hernández-Castillo, D., Rodríguez-García, R., Angulo-Sánchez, J.L., Antifungal activity in vitro of Aloe vera pulp and liquid fraction against plant pathogenic fungi, Ind. Crop. Prod. 21 (2005) 8187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ali, M.I.A., Shalaby, N.M.M., Elgamai, M.H.A., Mousa, A.S.M., Antifungal effects of different plant extracts and their major components of selected Aloe species, Phytother. Res. 13 (1999) 401407.3.0.CO;2-K>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ferro, V.A., Bradbury, F., Cameron, P., Shakir, E., Rahman, S.R., Stinson, W.H., In vitro susceptibilities of Shigella flexneri and Streptococcus pyogenes to inner gel of Aloe barbadensis Miller, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 47 (2003) 11371139.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
García M., Empleo de coberturas de quitosana en la conservación de productos hortofrutícolas, Univ. Havana, Thesis, Havana, Cuba, 2009, 80 p.
Gross K.C., Wang C.Y., Saltveit M., The commercial storage of fruits, vegetables, and florist and nursery stocks, in: Agricultural handbook No. 66, USDA, U.S.A., 2003.
Giovannoni, J.J., Genetic regulation of fruit development and ripening, Plant Cell 16 (2004) 170180.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Park, H.J., Chinnan, M.S., Shewfelt, R.L., Edible coating effects on storage life and quality of tomatoes, J. Food Sci. 59 (1994) 568570.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beckles, D.M., Hong, N., Stamova, L., Luengwilai, K., Biochemical factors contributing to tomato fruit sugar content: a review, Fruits 67 (2012) 4964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Santa-Cruz S., Aplicación del ozono en el tratamiento poscosecha de tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), Univ. Havana, Thesis, Havana, Cuba, 2007, 62 p.
Ramírez, H., Encina-Rodríguez, L.I., Benavides-Mendoza, A., Robledo-Torres, V., Hernández-Dávila, J., Alonso-Corona, S., Influencia de la temperatura sobre procesos fisiológicos en postcosecha de tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), Nueva Época 1 (2004) 3137.Google Scholar
Valverde, J.M., Valero, D., Martinez-Romero, D., Guillén, F., Castillo, S., Serrano, M., Novel edible coating based on Aloe vera gel to maintain table grape quality and safety, J. Agr. Food Chem. 53 (2005) 78077813.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pal, R.K., Roy, S.K., Srivastava, S.S., Storage performance of Kinnow mandarins in evaporative cool chamber and ambient conditions, J. Food Sci. Technol. 34 (1997) 200203.Google Scholar
Getinet, H., Seyoum, T., The effect of cultivar, maturity stage and storage environment on quality of tomatoes, J. Food Eng. 87 (2008) 467478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morillon, V., Debeaufort, F., Blond, G., Capelle, M., Voilley, A., Factors affecting the moisture permeability of lipid-based edible films: a review, Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 42 (2002) 6789.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pérez-Gago, M.B., Rojas, C., Del Río, M.A., Effect of lipid type and amount of edible hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-lipid composite coatings used to protect postharvest quality of Mandarins cv. Fortune, J. Food Sci. 67 (2002) 29032910.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ni, Y., Turner, D., Yates, K.M., Tizard, I., Isolation and characterization of structural components of Aloe vera L. leaf pulp, Int. Immunopharmacol. 4 (2004) 17451755.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Effects of Aloe vera coating on postharvest quality of tomato
Available formats

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Effects of Aloe vera coating on postharvest quality of tomato
Available formats

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Effects of Aloe vera coating on postharvest quality of tomato
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *