A selection experiment for sternopleural bristles in Drosophila melanogaster was undertaken to measure the effect of suppressing crossing-over on chromosomes II and III using the inversions Curly and Moiré marked with a dominant gene, which severely reduce crossing-over. In one set of lines selected wild-type males were mated to selected females, heterozygous for Cy and Mé, and in a parallel set selected males carrying the inversions were mated to selected wild-type females. Because there is no crossing-over in the males in this species, crossing-over is much reduced in the first set and is at its usual level in the second. The effect of the selection was measured on flies which did not carry the inversions. The suppression of crossing-over reduced the advance at the limit by 28 ± 8% for selection upwards and by 22 ± 7% for selection downwards. The segregation ratios of the inversions were observed throughout the experiment. At the end, the proportion of wild-type flies emerging was not different in the two sets of lines. The results are consistent with an assumption of initial linkage equilibrium between loci affecting sternopleural bristles in the base population.