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Controlling factors for differential subsidence in the Sonoma Foreland Basin (Early Triassic, western USA)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 April 2017

GWÉNAËL CARAVACA*
Affiliation:
Biogéosciences UMR6282, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000 Dijon, France
ARNAUD BRAYARD
Affiliation:
Biogéosciences UMR6282, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000 Dijon, France
EMMANUELLE VENNIN
Affiliation:
Biogéosciences UMR6282, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000 Dijon, France
MICHEL GUIRAUD
Affiliation:
Biogéosciences UMR6282, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000 Dijon, France
LAETITIA LE POURHIET
Affiliation:
Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS, Institut des Sciences de la Terre de Paris (iSTeP), 4 place Jussieu 75005 Paris, France
ANNE-SABINE GROSJEAN
Affiliation:
Biogéosciences UMR6282, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000 Dijon, France
CHRISTOPHE THOMAZO
Affiliation:
Biogéosciences UMR6282, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000 Dijon, France
NICOLAS OLIVIER
Affiliation:
Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, CNRS, IRD, OPGC, Université Blaise Pascal, 63038 Clermont Ferrand, France
EMMANUEL FARA
Affiliation:
Biogéosciences UMR6282, CNRS, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 21000 Dijon, France
GILLES ESCARGUEL
Affiliation:
UMR 5023 LEHNA, Université Lyon 1, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
KEVIN G. BYLUND
Affiliation:
140 South 700 East, Spanish Fork, Utah 84660, USA
JAMES F. JENKS
Affiliation:
1134 Johnson Ridge Lane, West Jordan, Utah 84084, USA
DANIEL A. STEPHEN
Affiliation:
Department of Earth Science, Utah Valley University, Orem, Utah 84058, USA
*
Author for correspondence: gwenael.caravaca@u-bourgogne.fr

Abstract

Sediments deposited from the Permian–Triassic boundary (~252 Ma) until the end-Smithian (Early Triassic; c. 250.7 Ma) in the Sonoma Foreland Basin show marked thickness variations between its southern (up to c. 250 m thick) and northern (up to c. 550 m thick) parts. This basin formed as a flexural response to the emplacement of the Golconda Allochthon during the Sonoma orogeny. Using a high-resolution backstripping approach, a numerical model and sediment thickness to obtain a quantitative subsidence analysis, we discuss the controlling factor(s) responsible for spatial variations in thickness. We show that sedimentary overload is not sufficient to explain the significant discrepancy observed in the sedimentary record of the basin. We argue that the inherited rheological properties of the basement terranes and spatial heterogeneity of the allochthon are of paramount importance in controlling the subsidence and thickness spatial distribution across the Sonoma Foreland Basin.

Type
Original Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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