Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Asteroid (Echinodermata) skeletal elements from upper Oligocene deposits of Jamaica and Antigua

  • DANIEL B. BLAKE (a1), STEPHEN K. DONOVAN (a2), CHRISTOPHER L. MAH (a3) and HAROLD L. DIXON (a4)
Abstract

The Antillean Cenozoic fossil record of asteroids comprises mainly dissociated ossicles. Most common among isolates from upper Oligocene deposits of Jamaica and Antigua are marginal ossicles of an extinct, indeterminate species of Pycinaster. This is the youngest known occurrence of the genus and the first from beyond Europe. A number of relatively complete fossils have been assigned to Pycinaster and (sub)familial status proposed for it together with Phocidaster. The latter proposition is based solely on a few marginals, but available diagnoses are judged insufficient to justify such recognition. The taxon Pycinasteridae is here synonymized with the Goniasteridae, although future study of added features (such as the ventral surface) might justify recognition at a higher taxonomic level. In addition to ossicles assigned to Pycinaster, many marginals are tentatively assigned to the surviving goniasterid Nymphaster. Numerous generic and many species names have been based on asteroid isolates, but the practice demands assumptions that are not readily justified. Linkage of discrete isolates under a single taxon name assumes derivation from a single source, an inference that can be verified only rarely (if ever), therefore reducing names to the single holotype ossicle. Availability of only isolates encourages comparison with extant taxa and biogeography, biasing interpretations with a Holocene overlay. Because of these constraints, a new nominal species of Pycinaster is not justified and assignment of ossicles to Nymphaster is tentative. However, given the importance of asteroids in marine communities, we emphasize the significance, largely ignored, of their presence in Cenozoic deposits of the wider Caribbean.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: Steve.Donovan@naturalis.nl
References
Hide All
Blainville, H. M. D. de. 1830. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles. Levrault, F. G., Paris, 60 volumes text, 12 volumes plates, one volume portraits.
Blake, D. B. & Hotchkiss, F. H. C. 2004. Recognition of the asteroid (Echinodermata) crown group: implication of the ventral skeleton. Journal of Paleontology 78, 359–70.
Blake, D. B. & Portell, R. W. 2011. Kionaster petersonae, n. gen. n. sp. (Asteroidea), the first fossil occurrence of the Asterodiscididae, from the Miocene of Florida. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology 130, 2542.
Blake, D. B. & Zinsmeister, W. J. 1988. Eocene asteroids (Echinodermata) from Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. In Geology and Paleontology of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula (eds Feldmann, R. M. & Woodburne, M. O.), pp. 489–98. Geological Society of America, Memoir no. 169.
Breton, G. 1988 a. Pycinaster magnificus Spencer, 1913 (Echinodermata, Asteroidea): conservation proposée pour le nom spécifique. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 45, 125–6.
Breton, G. 1988 b. Description d’espèces nouvelles de Goniasteridae (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) du Crétacé de France. Bulletin trimestriel de la Société géologique Normandie et des Amis du Muséum du Havre 75, 940.
Breton, G. 1992. Les Goniasteridae (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) jurassiques et crétacés de France: taphonomie, systématique, biostratigraphie, paléobiogéographie, évolution. Bulletin trimestriel de la Société géologique de Normandie et des Amis du Muséum du Havre 78 (4, supplement), 190 pp.
Breton, G. & Vizcaïno, D. 1997. Astérides (Echinodermata) de l’Ilerdien Moyen (Yprésien) des Corbières (Aude, France): systématique, relations paléobiogéographiques et évolutives. Bulletin de la Société d’Etudes scientifiques de l’Aude 97, 1128.
Brünnich Nielsen, K. 1943. The asteroids of the Senonian and Danian deposits of Denmark. Biologiske Skrifter fra det Dansk Videnskabelige Selskab 2 (5), 168.
Clark, A. M. 1993. An index of names of Recent Asteroidea – Part 2: Valvatida. In Echinoderm Studies (eds Jangoux, M. & Lawrence, J. M.), pp. 187366. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema.
Clark, A. M. & Downey, M. E. 1992. Starfishes of the Atlantic. London: Chapman and Hall, xxvi+794 pp.
Collins, J. S. H. & Donovan, S. K. 1995. A new species of Necronectes (Decapoda) from the Upper Oligocene of Antigua. Caribbean Journal of Science 31, 122–27.
Dixon, H. L. & Donovan, S. K. 1994. Local extinction patterns and the decline of the Jamaican Paleogene echinoid fauna. Palaios 9, 506–11.
Dixon, H. L. & Donovan, S. K. 1998. Oligocene echinoids of Jamaica. Tertiary Research 18, 95124.
Dixon, H. L., Donovan, S. K., with appendices by Domning, D. P. & Taylor, P. D. 1999. Report of a field meeting to the area around Browns Town, parish of St. Ann, north-central Jamaica, 21st February, 1998. Journal of the Geological Society of Jamaica 33 (for 1998), 2430.
Dixon, H. L., Donovan, S. K. & Veltkamp, C. J. 1994. Crinoid and ophiuroid ossicles from the Oligocene of Jamaica. Caribbean Journal of Science 30, 143–45.
Donovan, S. K. (ed.) 1998. The Pliocene Bowden shell bed, southeast Jamaica. Contributions to Tertiary and Quaternary Geology 35, 175 pp.
Donovan, S. K. 2001. Evolution of Caribbean echinoderms during the Cenozoic: moving towards a complete picture using all of the fossils. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 166, 177–92.
Donovan, S. K. (ed.) 2004. The Mid-Cainozoic White Limestone Group of Jamaica. Cainozoic Research 3 (for 2003), 219 pp.
Donovan, S. K., Blissett, D. J. & Pickerill, R. K. 2015. Jamaican Cenozoic ichnology: review and prospectus. Geological Journal 50, 364–82.
Donovan, S. K., Harper, D. A. T. & Portell, R. W. (in press). Shell-filled burrows in the Upper Oligocene Antigua Formation, Antigua, Lesser Antilles. Ichnos.
Donovan, S. K., Harper, D. A. T., Portell, R. W. & Renema, W. 2014 a. Neoichnology and implications for stratigraphy of reworked Upper Oligocene oysters, Antigua, West Indies. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 125, 99106.
Donovan, S. K., Jackson, T. A., Harper, D. A. T., Portell, R. W. & Renema, W. 2014 b. Classic localities explained 16: The Upper Oligocene of Antigua: the volcanic to limestone transition in a limestone Caribbee. Geology Today 30, 151–8.
Donovan, S. K. & Pickerill, R. K. 2013. On marls and marlstones. Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum 39, 127–8.
Donovan, S. K., Portell, R. W. & Domning, D. P. 2007. Contrasting patterns and mechanisms of extinction during the Eocene–Oligocene transition in Jamaica. In Biogeography, Time and Place: Distributions, Barriers and Islands (ed. Renema, W.), pp. 247–73. Dordrecht: Springer.
Fisher, W. K. 1911. New genera of starfishes from the Philippine Islands and Celebes. Proceedings of the US National Museum 40, 415–27.
Fisher, W. K. 1913. Four new genera and fifty-eight new species of starfishes from the Philippine Islands, Celebes and the Moluccas. Proceedings of the US National Museum 43, 599648.
Fisher, W. K. 1919. Starfishes of the Philippine seas and adjacent waters. Bulletin of the US National Museum 3 (100), 1547.
Foltz, D. W., Fatland, S. D., Eléaume, M., Markello, K., Howell, K. L., Neill, K. & Mah, C. L. 2013. Global population divergence of the sea star Hippasteria phrygiana corresponds to the onset of the last glacial period of the Pleistocene. Marine Biology 160, 1285–96.
Forbes, E. 1839. On the Asteriadae of the Irish Sea. Memoirs of the Wernerian Society, Edinburgh 8, 114–29.
Forbes, E. 1841. A History of British Starfish and Other Animals of the Class Echinodermata. London: John Van Voorst, 267 pp.
Forbes, E. 1848. On the Asteridae found fossil in British strata. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and of the Museum of Practical Geology in London 2, 457–82.
Gale, A. S. 1986. Goniasteridae (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) from the Late Cretaceous of north-west Europe. 1. Introduction. The genera Metopaster and Recurvaster . Mesozoic Research 1, 169.
Gale, A. S. 1987 a. Phylogeny and classification of the Asteroidea (Echinodermata). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 89, 107–32.
Gale, A. S. 1987 b. Goniasteridae (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) from the Late Cretaceous of north-west Europe. 2. The genera Calliderma, Crateraster, Nymphaster and Chomataster . Mesozoic Research 1, 151–86.
Gale, A. S. 1989. Migration and evolution in Late Cretaceous Goniasteridae (Asteroidea, Echinodermata) from north-west Europe. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 100, 281–91.
Gray, J. E. 1840. A synopsis of the genera and species of the class Hypostoma (Asterias Linnaeus). Annals & Magazine of Natural History 6, 175–84, 275–90.
Helm, C. & Frerichs, U. 2013. Seesterne (Asteroidea). In Fossilien aus dem Campan von Hannover, 3. Komplett überarbeitete Auflage (ed. Schneider, C.), pp. 192200. Hannover: Arbeitskreis Paläontologie.
Jackson, R. T. 1922. Fossil Echini of the West Indies. Carnegie Institution of Washington publication no. 306, 103 pp.
Jagt, J. W. M. 1999. An overview of Late Cretaceous and Early Palaeogene echinoderm faunas from Liège-Limburg (Belgium, The Netherlands). Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre 69 (Supplement A), 103–18.
Jagt, J. W. M. 2000 a. Late Cretaceous–Early Palaeogene echinoderms and the K/T boundary in the southeast Netherlands and northeast Belgium. Part 5–Asteroids. Scripta Geologica 121, 377504.
Jagt, J. W. M. 2000 b. Late Cretaceous–Early Palaeogene echinoderms and the K/T boundary in the southeast Netherlands and northeast Belgium. Part 6–Conclusions. Scripta Geologica 121, 505–77.
Jagt, J. W. M., Thuy, B., Donovan, S. K., Stöhr, S., Portell, R. W., Pickerill, R. K., Harper, D. A. T., Lindsay, W. & Jackson, T. A. 2014. A starfish bed in the Middle Miocene Grand Bay Formation of Carriacou, The Grenadines (West Indies). Geological Magazine 151, 381–93.
Lemoine, P. & Douvillé, R. 1904. Sur le Genre Lepidocyclina Gümbel. Société Géologique de France, Mémoir Paléontologie no. 12 (Mémoir no. 32), 1–41.
Mah, C. L. 2007. Systematics, phylogeny, and historical biogeography of the Pentagonaster clade (Asteroidea, Valvatida, Goniasteridae). Invertebrate Systematics 21, 311–39.
Mercier, J. 1935. Les stelléridés mésozoïques du bassin de Paris. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Normandie 1/2, 664.
Mercier, J. 1936. Les astérides du Coniacien d’Aulnay-s-Iton (Eure). Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Normandie 8, 97–8.
Mitchell, S. F. 2004. Lithostratigraphy and palaeogeography of the White Limestone Group. In The Mid-Cainozoic White Limestone Group of Jamaica (ed. Donovan, S. K.). Cainozoic Research 3, 529.
Müller, A. H. 1953. Die isolierten Skelettelemente der Asteroidea (Asterozoa) aus der obersenonen Schreibkreide von Rügen. Geologie, Beiheft 8, 66 pp.
Néraudeau, D. & Breton, G. 1993. Astérides du Cénomanien dé Charente-Maritime (SW France). Geobios 26, 105–20.
Neumann, C. 2000. Evidence of predation on Cretaceous sea stars from north-west Germany. Lethaia 33, 6570.
Orbigny, A. D. d’. 1850. Prodrome du Paléontologie Stratigraphique Universelle des Animaux Mollusques et Rayonnés Faisant suite au Cours Élémentaire de Paléontologie et de Géologie Stratigraphique. Paris: Victor Masson, v. 1 [1850 (for 1849)], 392 pp.
Perrier, E. 1881. Description sommaire des espèces nouvelles d’Astéries. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University 9, 131.
Perrier, E. 1884. Mémoire sur les étoiles de mer recueillis dans la Mer des Antilles et le Golfe de Mexique. Nouvelles Archives du Musèum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris 6, 127276.
Perrier, E. 1894. Stéllerides. In Expédition Scientifique du Travailleur et du Talisman 3. Paris: G. Masson, 143 pp.
Portell, R. W. & Donovan, S. K. (in press). Echinoderms from the Eocene of Seven Rivers, parish of St. James, western Jamaica. In The Eocene Fossil Site of Seven Rivers, Jamaica: Geology, Paleontology, and Evolutionary and Biogeographic Implications (eds Domning, D. P. & Portell, R. W.). Heidelberg: Springer.
Schopf, T. J. M., Raup, D. M., Gould, S. J. & Simberloff, D. S. 1975. Genomic versus morphologic rates of evolution: influence of morphologic complexity. Paleobiology 1, 6370.
Schulz, M.-G. & Weitschat, W. 1971. Asteroideen aus der Schreibkreide von Lägerdorf (Holstein) und Hemmoor (Nord-Niedersachsen). Mitteilungen aus dem Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg 40, 107–30.
Sladen, W. P. 1889. Report on the Asteroidea. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger. Zoology 30, 894 pp.
Sladen, W. P. 1891. The fossil Echinodermata, Cretaceous, vol. II, part I (Asteroidea). Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London, 44 (no. 209 for 1890), 128.
Sladen, W. P. 1893. The fossil Echinodermata, Cretaceous, vol. II, part II (Asteroidea). Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London, 47 (no. 223), 2966.
Smith, A. B., Paul, C. R. C., Gale, A. S. & Donovan, S. K. 1988. Cenomanian and Lower Turonian echinoderms from Wilmington, south-east Devon, England. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology Series 42, 245 pp.
Smith, A. B. & Wright, C. W. 2002. Echinoderms. In Palaeontological Association Field Guides to Fossils, Fossils of the Chalk, second edition (eds Smith, A. B. & Batten, D. J.), 251–95. London: Palaeontological Association, ix+374 pp.
Spencer, W. K. 1905. The fossil Echinodermata, Cretaceous, vol. II, part III. Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London, 59 (no. 278), 6790.
Spencer, W. K. 1907. The fossil Echinodermata, Cretaceous, vol. II, part IV. Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London, 61 (no. 294), 91132.
Spencer, W. K. 1913. The evolution of the Cretaceous Asteroidea. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B214, 99177.
Spencer, W. K. 1914–40. The British Palaeozoic Asterozoa. Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, London, pt. 1 (1914 for 1913), 67 (no. 328), 1–56; pt. 2 (1916 for 1915), 69 (no. 335), 57–108; pt. 3 (1918 for 1916), 70 (no. 338), 109–168; pt. 4 (1919 for 1917), 71 (no. 342), 169–196; pt. 5 (1922 for 1920), 74 (no. 349), 197–236; pt. 6 (1924 [printed January 1925] for 1922), 76 (no. 356), 237–324; pt. 7 (1927 for 1925), 79 (no. 366), 325–388; pt. 8 (1930 for 1928), 82 (no. 376), 389–436; pt. 9 (1934 for 1933), 87 (no. 394), 437–494; pt. 10 (1940), 94 (no. 420), 495–540.
Spencer, W. K. & Wright, C. W. 1966. Asterozoans. In Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Pt. U, Echinodermata 3(1) (ed. Moore, R. C.), U4-U107. New York and Lawrence: The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.
Stimpson, W. 1857. On the Crustacea and Echinodermata of the Pacific shores of North America. Boston Journal of Natural History 6, 444532.
Valette, A. 1902. Note sur quelques stelléridés de la craie sénonienne du département de l’Yonne. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences historiques et naturelles de l’Yonne 56, 326.
Valette, A. 1915. Notes sur quelques stelléridés de la craie sénonienne du département de l’Yonne. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences historiques et naturelles de l’Yonne 67, 372.
Vaughan, T. W. & Cole, W. S. 1936. New Tertiary Foraminifera of the genera Operculina and Operculinoides from North America and the West Indies. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 83 (2996), 487–96.
Villier, L. 2001. Systématique des Asteroidea (Echinodermata) du Campanien et du Maastrichtien de Tercis les Bains (Landes, France). In The Campanian-Maastrichtian Stage Boundary. Characterisation at Tercis les Bains (France) and correlation with Europe and other continents (ed. Odin, G. S.), pp. 582611. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Weiss, M. P. 1994. Oligocene limestones of Antigua, West Indies: Neptune succeeds Vulcan. Caribbean Journal of Science 30, 129.
Wienberg Rasmussen, H. 1945. Observations of the asteroid fauna of the Danian. Meddelelser frå Dansk Geologisk Forening 10 (for 1944), 417–26.
Wienberg Rasmussen, H. 1950. Cretaceous Asteroidea and Ophiuroidea with special reference to the species found in Denmark. Danmarks Geologiske Undersøgelse, II, Raekke 77, 134 pp.
Wright, R. M. & Robinson, E. (eds) 1993. Biostratigraphy of Jamaica. Geological Society of America, Memoir no. 182, xi+492 pp.
Wright, C. W. & Smith, A. B. 1987. Echinoderms. In Palaeontological Association Field Guides to Fossils, Fossils of the Chalk (eds Owen, H. G. & Smith, A. B.), 201–37. London: Palaeontological Association.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
  • URL: /core/journals/geological-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 13 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 249 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.