Skip to main content
×
×
Home

A ctenochasmatid pterosaur from the Stonesfield Slate (Bathonian, Middle Jurassic) of Oxfordshire, England

  • ERIC BUFFETAUT (a1) and PAUL JEFFERY (a2)
Abstract

The anterior end of a lower jaw bearing long slender teeth, from the Bathonian Stonesfield Slate of Oxfordshire, was hitherto referred to the crocodilian Teleosaurus. It is reinterpreted as belonging to a ctenochasmatid pterosaur reminiscent of Gnathosaurus. It is the earliest known representative of the Ctenochasmatidae, and one of the earliest known pterodactyloids. The diversity of pterosaurs from the Stonesfield Slate is higher than previously recognized, comprising at least three taxa.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: eric.buffetaut@sfr.fr
References
Hide All
Aston, M. A. 1974. Stonesfield Slate. Oxford: Oxfordshire County Council, Department of Museum Services, Publication No. 5, 84 pp.
Barrett, P. M., Butler, R. J., Edwards, N. P. & Milner, A. R. 2008. Pterosaur distribution in time and space: an atlas. Zitteliana B28, 61107.
Bennett, S. C. 2007. A review of the pterosaur Ctenochasma: taxonomy and ontogeny. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 245, 2331.
Benton, M. J. & Spencer, P. S. 1995. Fossil Reptiles of Great Britain. London: Chapman & Hall, 386 pp.
Boneham, B. W. F. & Wyatt, R. J. 1993. The stratigraphical position of the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian) Stonesfield Slate of Stonesfield, Oxfordshire, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association 104, 123–36.
Buckland, W. 1829. On the discovery of a new species of Pterodactyle in the Lias at Lyme Regis. Transactions of the Geological Society of London 3, 217–22.
Eudes-Deslongchamps, E. 1866. Sur la découverte d'une mâchoire inférieure entière de Teleosaurus megistorhynchus recueillie à Allemagne. Bulletin de la Société Linnéenne de Normandie 10, 80–5.
Eudes-Deslongchamps, E. 1870. Note sur les reptiles fossiles appartenant à la famille des téléosauriens, dont les débris ont été recueillis dans les assises jurassiques de la Normandie. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 27, 299351.
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, E. 1825. Recherches sur l'organisation des gavials. Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 12, 97155.
Howse, S. C. B. & Milner, A. R. 1995. The pterodactyloids from the Purbeck Limestone Formation of Dorset. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London (Geology) 51, 7388.
Huxley, T. H. 1859. On Rhamphorhynchus Bucklandi, a pterosaurian from the Stonesfield Slate. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 15, 658–70.
Jouve, S. 2009. The skull of Teleosaurus cadomensis (Crocodylomorpha: Thalattosuchia) and phylogenetic analysis of Thalattosuchia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29, 88102.
Kaup, J. J. 1834. Versuch einer Eintheilung der Säugethiere in 6 Stämme und der Amphibien in 6 Ordnungen. Isis 3, 311–15.
Kuhn, O. 1936. Crocodilia. Fossilium Catalogus I: Animalia 75, 1144.
Lamouroux, J. V. F. 1820. Sur le crocodilien fossile trouvé dans les carrières du bourg d'Allemagne, à un quart de lieue de Caen. Annales Générales des Sciences Physiques 3, 160–4.
, J., Unwin, D. M., Jin, X., Liu, Y. & Ji, Q. 2010. Evidence for modular evolution in a long-tailed pterosaur with a pterodactyloid skull. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 277 383–9.
Lydekker, R. 1888. Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the British Museum (Natural History). Part I. London: British Museum (Natural History), 309 pp.
Martill, D. M., Frey, E., Bell, C. M. & Chong Diaz, G. 2006. Ctenochasmatid pterosaurs from Early Cretaceous deposits in Chile. Cretaceous Research 27, 603–10.
Meyer, H. von. 1832. Palaeologica zur Geschichte der Erde und ihrer Geschöpfe. Frankfurt am Main: Schmerber, 560 pp.
Meyer, H. von. 1834. Gnathosaurus subulatus, ein Saurus aus dem lithographischen Schiefer von Solenhofen. Museum Senckenbergianum 1, 37.
Münster, G. zu. 1832. Bemerkungen über eine neue Art Pterodactylus von Solenhofen. Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde 3, 412–16.
Nopcsa, F. 1928. The genera of reptiles. Palaeobiologica 1, 163–88.
Owen, R. 1874. Monograph on the order Pterosauria. Palaeontographical Society Monographs 1873, 114.
Phillips, J. 1871. Geology of Oxford and the Valley of the Thames. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 523 pp.
Phizackerley, P. H. 1951. A revision of the Teleosauridae in the Oxford University Museum and the British Museum (Natural History). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4, 1169–92.
Plieninger, F. 1901. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flugsaurier. Palaeontographica 48, 6590.
Powell, P. 2005. The Geology of Oxfordshire. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press, 108 pp.
Seeley, H. G. 1869. Index to the fossil remains of Aves, Ornithosauria and Reptilia from the Secondary system of strata arranged in the Woodwardian Museum of the University of Cambridge. Cambridge: Deighton, Bell & Co., 143 pp.
Seeley, H. G. 1880. On Rhamphocephalus prestwichi, Seeley, an ornithosaurian from the Stonesfield Slate of Kineton. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 36, 2730.
Seeley, H. G. 1901. Dragons of the Air. London: Methuen & Co., 239 pp.
Steel, R. 1973. Crocodylia. Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie 16, 1116.
Steel, L. 2010. The pterosaur collection at the Natural History Museum, London, UK: history, overview, recent curatorial developments and exciting new finds. Acta Geoscientica Sinica 31, Suppl. 1, 5961.
Unwin, D. M. 1996. The fossil record of Middle Jurassic pterosaurs. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 60, 291304.
Wang, X., Kellner, A. W. A., Jiang, S. & Meng, X. 2009. An unusual long-tailed pterosaur with elongated neck from western Liaoning of China. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 81, 793812.
Wellnhofer, P. 1970. Die Pterodactyloidea (Pterosauria) der Oberjura-Plattenkalke Süddeutschlands. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Abhandlungen 141, 1133.
Wellnhofer, P. 1991. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Pterosaurs. London: Salamander Books, 192 pp.
Woodward, A. S. & Sherborn, C. D. 1890. A Catalogue of British Fossil Vertebrata. London: Dulau & Co., 396 pp.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
  • URL: /core/journals/geological-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed