Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Graptolite biozone correlation charts

  • D. K. LOYDELL (a1)
Abstract

Charts are presented showing the correlation of graptolite biozonations for the Lower Ordovician to Lower Devonian, i.e. for the entire stratigraphical range of the planktonic graptoloid graptolites. Regions chosen are those for which the most detailed biostratigraphical studies have been undertaken. For Baltica, average graptolite zone (chron) duration appears to vary from c. 300000 years (Ludlow Epoch) to 2.4 Ma (Lochkovian Epoch).

Copyright
Corresponding author
*E-mail: David.Loydell@port.ac.uk
References
Hide All
Albanesi, G. L. & Ortega, G. 2002. Advances on conodont-graptolite biostratigraphy of the Ordovician System of Argentina. Instituto Superior de Correlación Geológica Serie Correlación Geológica 16, 143–65.
Chen, X. 1984. The Silurian graptolite zonation of China. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 21, 241–57.
Chen, X., Rong, J.-Y. & Fan, J.-X. 2003. A proposal for a candidate section for restudy of the base of Silurian. Instituto Superior de Correlación Geológica Serie Correlación Geológica 18, 119–23.
Chlupáč, I., Havlíček, V., Kříž, J., Kukal, Z. & Štorch, P. 1998. Palaeozoic of the Barrandian (Cambrian to Devonian). Prague: Czech Geological Survey, 181 pp.
Cooper, R. A. 1999. Ecostratigraphy, zonation and global correlation of earliest Ordovician planktic graptolites. Lethaia 32, 116.
Egenhoff, S. O., Maletz, J. & Erdtmann, B.-D. 2004. Lower Ordovician graptolite biozonation and lithofacies of southern Bolivia: relevance for palaeogeographic interpretations. Geological Magazine 141, 287–99.
Feng, H.-Z., Li, M., Zhang, Y.-D., Erdtmann, B.-D., Li, L.-X. & Wang, W.-H. 2009. Succession and global correlation of late Tremadoc graptolite zones from South China. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 52, 287–99.
Finney, S. C., Berry, W. B. N., Cooper, J. D., Ripperdan, R. L., Sweet, W. C., Jacobsen, S. R., Soufiane, A., Achab, A. & Noble, P. J. 1999. Late Ordovician mass extinctions: a new perspective from stratigraphic sections in central Nevada. Geology 27, 215–8.
Fu, L., Zhang, Z. & Geng, L. 2000. The most complete sequence of Telychian graptolite zones in the world. Acta Geologica Sinica 74, 126–31.
Goldman, D., Leslie, S. A., Nõlvak, J., Young, S., Bergström, S. M. & Huff, W. D. 2007. The Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the base of the Katian Stage of the Upper Ordovician Series at Black Knob Ridge, southeastern Oklahoma, USA. Episodes 30, 258–70.
Gradstein, F., Ogg, J. & Smith, A. 2004. A Geologic Time Scale 2004. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 589 pp.
Gutiérrez-Marco, J. C., Robardet, M., Rábano, I., Sarmiento, G. N., San José Lancha, M. Á., Araújo, P. H. & Pieren Pidal, A. P. 2002. Ordovician. In The Geology of Spain (eds Gibbons, W. & Moreno, T.), pp. 3149. London: Geological Society.
Jackson, D. E. & Lenz, A. C. 2003. Taxonomic and biostratigraphical significance of the Tremadoc graptolite fauna from northern Yukon Territory, Canada. Geological Magazine 140, 131–56.
Koren', T. N. 1975. Early Devonian monograptids of the telleri biozone in the Urals-Tien Shan fold area. Acta Geologica Polonica 25, 126.
Koren', T. N. 1978. Early Devonian graptolites of South Fergana, Central Asia. Časopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii 23, 113–27.
Koren', T. N., Ahlberg, P. & Nielsen, A. T. 2003. The post-persculptus and pre-ascensus graptolite fauna in Scania, south-western Sweden: Ordovician or Silurian? Instituto Superior de Correlación Geológica Serie Correlación Geológica, 18, 133–8.
Koren', T. N. & Sujarkova, A. A. 1997. Late Ludlow and Pridoli monograptids from the Turkestan-Alai mountains, south Tien Shan. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A 247, 5990.
Koren', T. N. & Sujarkova, A. A. 2004. The Ludlow (late Silurian) neocucullograptid fauna from the southern Tien Shan, Kyrghizstan. Alcheringa 28, 333–87.
Kraft, J. & Kraft, P. 1999. Graptolite biozones of the Bohemian Lower and Middle Ordovician and their historical development. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 44, 5362.
Kříž, J., Jaeger, H., Paris, F. & Schönlaub, H. P. 1986. Přídolí – the fourth subdivision of the Silurian. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt 129, 291360.
Legrand, P. 2003. Silurian stratigraphy and paleogeography of the northern African margin of Gondwana. New York State Museum Bulletin 493, 59104.
Lenz, A. C. 1988. Revision of upper Silurian and Lower Devonian graptolite biostratigraphy and morphological variation in Monograptus yukonensis and related Devonian graptolites, northern Yukon, Canada. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 14, 439–47.
Lenz, A. C. & Kozłowska-Dawidziuk, A. 2002. Late Wenlock and early Ludlow graptolite extinction, evolution and diversification: a reassessment. Special Papers in Palaeontology 67, 171–83.
Lenz, A. C. & Kozłowska-Dawidziuk, A. 2004. Ludlow and Pridoli (upper Silurian) Graptolites From the Arctic Islands, Canada. Ottawa: National Research Council of Canada, 141 pp.
Lenz, A. C. & Melchin, M. J. 1991. Wenlock (Silurian) graptolites, Cape Phillips Formation, Canadian Arctic Islands. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 82, 211–37.
Lenz, A. C., Robardet, M., Gutiérrez-Marco, J. C. & Piçarra, J. M. 1996. Devonian graptolites from southwestern Europe: a review with new data. Geological Journal 31, 349–58.
Lindholm, K. 1991. Ordovician graptolites from the early Hunneberg of southern Scandinavia. Palaeontology 34, 283327.
Loydell, D. K., Männik, P. & Nestor, V. 2003. Integrated biostratigraphy of the lower Silurian of the Aizpute-41 core, Latvia. Geological Magazine 140, 205–29.
Maletz, J. 1997 a. Graptolites from the Nicholsonograptus fasciculatus and Pterograptus elegans zones (Abereiddian, Ordovician) of the Oslo region, Norway. Greifswalder Geowissenschaftliche Beiträge 4, 598.
Maletz, J. 1997 b. Arenig biostratigraphy of the Pointe-de-Lévy slice, Quebec Appalachians, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 34, 733–52.
Maletz, J. 2005. Early Middle Ordovician graptolite biostratigraphy of the Lovisefred and Albjära drill cores (Scania, southern Sweden). Palaeontology 48, 763–80.
Maletz, J. & Ahlberg, P. In press. The Lerhamn drill core and its bearing for the graptolite biostratigraphy of the Ordovician Tøyen Shale in Scania, southern Sweden. Lethaia. doi: 10.1111/j.1502–3931.2010.00246.x
Maletz, J. & Egenhoff, S. O. 2001. Late Tremadoc to early Arenig graptolite faunas of southern Bolivia and their implications for a worldwide biozonation. Lethaia 34, 4762.
Maletz, J., Egenhoff, S. & Alonso, R. 2010. The upper Tremadocian (Ordovician) graptolite Bryograptus: taxonomy, biostratigraphy and biogeography. Palaeontology 53, 5975.
Melchin, M. J. 1989. Llandovery graptolite biostratigraphy and paleobiogeography, Cape Phillips Formation, Canadian Arctic Islands. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 26, 1726–46.
Mullins, G. L. & Aldridge, R. J. 2004. Chitinozoan biostratigraphy of the basal Wenlock Series (Silurian) Global Stratotype Section and Point. Palaeontology 47, 745–73.
Ogg, J. G., Ogg, G. & Gradstein, F. M. 2008. The Concise Geologic Time Scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 177 pp.
Pålsson, C. 2001. Graptolites from the Upper Ordovician Dicranograptus clingani Zone at Järrestad, Scania, southern Sweden. GFF 123, 217–24.
Pålsson, C. 2002. Upper Ordovician graptolites and biostratigraphy of the Röstånga 1 core, Scania, S. Sweden. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 49, 923.
Piras, S., Simonetto, L. & Corradini, C. 2008. I graptoliti Siluriani della collezione “M. Gortani” del Museo Paleontologico “D. Lovisato” dell'Università degli studi di Cagliari. Gortania 29, 928.
Porębska, E. 1984. Latest Silurian and Early Devonian graptolites from Żdanów section, Bardo Mts. (Sudetes). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 52, 89209.
Salvador, A. 1994. International Stratigraphic Guide. 2nd ed. Boulder, Colorado: Geological Society of America, 214 pp.
Štorch, P. 1994. Graptolite biostratigraphy of the Lower Silurian (Llandovery and Wenlock) of Bohemia. Geological Journal 29, 137–65.
Štorch, P. & Leone, F. 2003. Occurrence of the late Ordovician (Hirnantian) graptolite Normalograptus ojsuensis (Koren' and Mikhaylova, 1980) in south-western Sardinia, Italy. Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 42, 31–8.
Štorch, P. & Loydell, D. K. 1996. The Hirnantian graptolites Normalograptus persculptus and ‘Glyptograptusbohemicus: stratigraphical consequences of their synonymy. Palaeontology 39, 869–81.
Štorch, P. & Massa, D. 2006. Middle Llandovery (Aeronian) graptolites of the western Murzuq Basin and Al Qarqaf Arch region, south-west Libya. Palaeontology 49, 83112.
Toro, B. & Maletz, J. 2008. The proximal development in Cymatograptus (Graptoloidea) from Argentina and its relevance for the early evolution of the Dichograptacea. Journal of Paleontology 82, 974–83.
Urbanek, A. & Teller, L. 1997. Graptolites and stratigraphy of the Wenlock and Ludlow series in the East European Platform. Palaeontologia Polonica 56, 2357.
VandenBerg, A. H. M. & Cooper, R. A. 1992. The Ordovician graptolite sequence of Australasia. Alcheringa 16, 3385.
Webby, B. D., Paris, F., Droser, M. L. & Percival, I. G. (eds) 2004. The great Ordovician biodiversification event. New York: Columbia University Press, 484 pp.
Williams, S. H. & Stevens, R. K. 1988. Early Ordovician (Arenig) graptolites of the Cow Head Group, western Newfoundland, Canada. Palaeontographica Canadiana 5, 1167.
Zalasiewicz, J. A., Taylor, L., Rushton, A. W. A., Loydell, D. K., Rickards, R. B. & Williams, M. 2009. Graptolites in British stratigraphy. Geological Magazine 146, 785850.
Zhan, R. & Jin, J. 2007. Ordovician–early Silurian (Llandovery) stratigraphy and palaeontology of the Upper Yangtze Platform, South China. Beijing: Science Press, 169 pp.
Zhang, Y., Chen, X., Yu, G., Goldman, D. & Liu, X. 2007. Ordovician and Silurian Rocks of Northwest Zhejiang and Northeast Jiangxi Provinces, SE China. Hefei: University of Science and Technology of China Press, 189 pp.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
  • URL: /core/journals/geological-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed