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The Oligocene succession in the eastern North Sea: basin development and depositional systems

  • E. M. JARSVE (a1), T. EIDVIN (a2), J. P. NYSTUEN (a1), J. I. FALEIDE (a1), R. H. GABRIELSEN (a1) and B. I. THYBERG (a3)...

Abstract

The Oligocene sedimentary succession in the eastern North Sea is revised and re-interpreted by applying new state-of-the-art reflection seismic data integrated with new bio- and Sr-stratigraphy data from three key wells in the study area. The Oligocene succession in the eastern North Sea is divided into four transgressive–regressive (T-R) sequences, characterized by non-accretional and/or aggradational transgressive systems tracts and prograding regressive systems tracts. Detailed studies of three wells, including biostratigraphy and Sr analysis, constrain the age relationships between the T-R sequences. Internal clinoform geometry indicates that the sediments were sourced from the present southern Norwegian mainland to the north of the depositional area. The direction of progradation shifted from being SE-directed in the earliest Rupelian (early Oligocene) to S- and SW-directed during Chattian time (late Oligocene). Rapid basin subsidence is indicated by the development of non-accretionary transgressive systems tracts, with subsequent progradation into water depths of hundreds of metres. The creation of accommodation space was out of phase relative to eustatic sea-level changes, and mainly controlled by regional-scale differential vertical movements where uplift and exposure of landmasses of the hinterland (southern Norway) occurred concurrently with basin subsidence. Halokinesis had an intra-basinal influence on the main sediment transport direction, but probably did not contribute much in creation of accommodation space.

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The online version of this article is published within an Open Access environment subject to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence <http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/>. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: e.m.jarsve@geo.uio.no

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Keywords

The Oligocene succession in the eastern North Sea: basin development and depositional systems

  • E. M. JARSVE (a1), T. EIDVIN (a2), J. P. NYSTUEN (a1), J. I. FALEIDE (a1), R. H. GABRIELSEN (a1) and B. I. THYBERG (a3)...

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