Microbially induced sedimentary structures (MISS) are microbial traces in sandy deposits. They have been formed by various modes of microbial behaviour in response to the prevailing physical dynamics in shallow-marine environments since early Archaean time. An association of fossils, phosphatic structures and grains, stromatolites and microbial laminated levelling structures is documented from the Zhongyicun Member of Lower Cambrian strata in the Baideng section dated close to 535 Ma. SEM examination demonstrates that microbial laminated levelling structures are the result of the development of microbial mats composed of filamentous structures. We propose that there was a short hiatus after the dolomite layer deposited when the dolomite layer was weathered to form centimetre-scale valleys firstly, and then microbes accumulated in these valleys and formed the microbial laminated levelling structures.
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