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Minimal theta functions

  • Hugh L. Montgomery (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

Let be a positive definite binary quadratic form with real coefficients and discriminant b2 − 4ac = −1.

Among such forms, let . The Epstein zeta function of f is denned to be

Rankin [7], Cassels [1], Ennola [5], and Diananda [4] between them proved that for every real s > 0,

We prove a corresponding result for theta functions. For real α > 0, let

This function satisfies the functional equation

(This may be proved by using the formula (4) below, and then twice applying the identity (8).)

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