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Business experience of floods and drought-related water and electricity supply disruption in three cities in sub-Saharan Africa during the 2015/2016 El Niño

  • Kate Elizabeth Gannon (a1), Declan Conway (a1), Joanna Pardoe (a1), Mukelabai Ndiyoi (a2), Nnyaladzi Batisani (a3), Eric Odada (a4), Daniel Olago (a4), Alfred Opere (a4), Sinah Kgosietsile (a3), Mubita Nyambe (a2), Jessica Omukuti (a4) and Christian Siderius (a1) (a5)...
Non-technical summary

The El Niño event in 2015/2016 was one of the strongest since at least 1950. Through surveys and interviews with key informants, we found businesses in the capital cities of Zambia, Botswana and Kenya experienced major disruption to their activities from El Niño related hydroelectric load shedding, water supply disruption and flooding, respectively. Yet, during the 2015/2016 El Niño, fluctuations in precipitation were not extreme considering the strength of the El Niño event. Results therefore highlight that even fairly moderate precipitation anomalies can contribute to major disruption to economic activity. Addressing the risk of disruption – and supporting the private sector to adapt – is a development priority.

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      Business experience of floods and drought-related water and electricity supply disruption in three cities in sub-Saharan Africa during the 2015/2016 El Niño
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      Business experience of floods and drought-related water and electricity supply disruption in three cities in sub-Saharan Africa during the 2015/2016 El Niño
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Author for correspondence: K. E. Gannon, E-mail:
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