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Quantifying Europe's biodiversity footprints and the role of urbanization and income

  • Maximilian Koslowski (a1) (a2), Daniel D. Moran (a1), Alexandre Tisserant (a1), Francesca Verones (a1) and Richard Wood (a1)...

Non-technical abstract

Biodiversity footprinting links consumers to the biodiversity pressure their consumption induces, thereby informing choices and enabling participation in remediation measures. In order for countries, cities and households to reduce their impacts it is useful to know more precisely what the various drivers of their footprints are. Here we ask: do urban or rural areas in Europe exert higher biodiversity footprints? And how strongly coupled are income and biodiversity losses? Studying urban versus rural households at the country level in Europe, we found both have generally similar footprints, but that higher income households clearly drive higher footprints.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Maximilian Koslowski, E-mail: maximilian.koslowski@inatech.uni-freiburg.de

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Quantifying Europe's biodiversity footprints and the role of urbanization and income

  • Maximilian Koslowski (a1) (a2), Daniel D. Moran (a1), Alexandre Tisserant (a1), Francesca Verones (a1) and Richard Wood (a1)...

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